Psych 32 Chap 7

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Psych 32 Chap 7
2012-04-13 12:40:58
Psych 32

Development through Life Span
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  1. During elementary school years children grow anually at this pace
    2 to 3 inches a year
  2. The average height of Boys and Girls at age 11
    Girls: 4 feet 10 1/4 inches

    Boys: 4 feet 9 inches
  3. What is the percentage of children in the United Sates whom are at risk of being overweight
  4. What is the second leading cause of death for U.S. children 5 to 14 years of age?
  5. What is the most common form of cancer found in U.S. children
  6. What percentage of children in the U.s. ages 3 to 21 recive special education?
  7. Someone who has difficulty learning that involves understanding or using spoken language
    Learning Disability
  8. Individuals whom have a severe impairment in their ability to read and spell
  9. A learning disability that involves difficulty in handwritting
  10. A learning disability that involves difficulty in math computation
  11. A disability characterized by inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  12. ADHD
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  13. What is the ration for Boys and Girls with a Learning Disability
    Boys are 3 times more likely than girls to have a learning disability
  14. What is the ration for Boys and Girls diagnosed with ADHD?
    Boys are 4 times more likely than girls to have ADHD
  15. ASD
    Autism Spectrum Disorder
  16. A disorder characterized by problems in social interactions, problems in verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behavior
    Autism Spectrum Disorder
  17. What are the 2 types of Autism Spectrum Disorders
    • 1. Autisitic Disorder
    • 2. Asperger Syndrome
  18. A severe disoreder which onset is in the firt 3 years of life and includes deficiencies in social relationships, abnormalities in communication, and restricted, repetitive and sterotyped pattern of behavior
    Autistic Disorder
  19. A relatively mild ASD in which the child has relatively good verbal language, milder nonverbal language problems and a restricted of interest in relationships
    Aserger Syndrome
  20. A law which was estabished in 1975 which made education for all handicapped children to be a requirement
    Public Law 94-142
  21. In 1990 the Public Law 94-142 was renamed to this
    Idividuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
  22. IDEA
    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
  23. A written statement that spells out a program that is specifically tailored for a student with a disbaility
    Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
  24. IEP
    Individualized Education Plan
  25. A setting that is as similar as possible to the one in whcih children who do not have a diability are educated. This gives provision for children with disabiities to be educated in a regular classroom
    Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
  26. The educating of a child with special education needs full-time in the regular classroom
  27. Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory
    • 1. The preschool child's thought is preoperational.
    • 2. Preschool children can form stable concepts and have begun to reason.
    • 3. Their thinking is flawed by egocentrism and magical beliefs
  28. A stage in Piaget's theory that last from 7 to 11 years of age in which children can perform task to concrete objects and reason logically
    Concrete Operational Stage
  29. The abiity to order stimuli along a quantitative dimension (such as length) ex - Placing sticks from short to tall order
  30. The ability to logically combine relations to understand certain conclusions. Ex - If Stick A is longest, Stick B is medim and Stick C is shortest..The chid is able to conclude that Stick A is longer that Sick C without actually measuring it
  31. The effective flexibility to control a number of areas including attention, reducing interfering thoughts, inhibiting motor actions and flexibility in switching between competing choices
    Cognitive Control
  32. People that believe that Piaget got some things right but his theory needs serious revision
  33. Deliberate mental activities to improve the process of information
  34. Manipulating and transforming information in memory
  35. Thinking reflectively and productively, and evaluating evidence
    Critical Thinking
  36. The ability to think in novel and unusual ways and to come up with unique solutions to problems
    Creative Thinking
  37. Ability to produce one correct answer and characterizes the kind of thinking that is required on conventional tests of intelligence
    Convergent thinking
  38. The ability to produce many different answers to the same questions and characterizes creativity
    Divergent Thinking
  39. A congition about cognition, or knowing about knowing. Focuses on knowledge about memory, ability to recall tes
  40. The ability to solve problems and to adapt and learn from experiences
  41. An individual's level of mental development releative to others
    Mental Age (MA)
  42. A person's mental age divided by chronological age mutliplied by 100
    Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
  43. A majority of the scores falling in the middle of the possible range of scores and few scores appearing toward the extremem of range
    Normal Distribution
  44. Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
    A theory which states:

    • 1. Analytical Intleligence
    • 2. Creative Intelligence
    • 3. Practical Intelliegence
  45. Stable consistent ways in which people are different from each other
    Individual Differences
  46. Gardner's Eight Frames of Minds
    • 1. Bodiy-kinesthetic
    • 2. Spatial
    • 3. Verbal
    • 4. Interpersonal
    • 5. Mathematical
    • 6. Musical
    • 7. Intrapersonal
    • 8. Naturalist
  47. The ability to think in words and use language to express meaning. Occupations: Authors, journalists, speakers
  48. The ability to think three-dimensionally. Occupations: Architects, Artist
  49. The ability to carry out mathematical operations. Occupations: Scientist, engineers, accountants
  50. The ability to manipulate objects and be physically adept. Occuption: Surgeons, craft-people, athletes
  51. A sensitivity to pitch, melody, rhtym and tone. Occupation: Musician, Composers
  52. The ability to understand and interact effectively with others. Occupation: Successful teachers, mental health professionals
  53. The ability to understand oneself. Occupations: Theologians, psychologists
  54. The ability to obeserve patterns in nature and understand natural and human-made systems. Occupations: Farmers, botanists, ecologist, landscapers
  55. The worldwide increase in intelligence test scores that has occured in a short period of time
    The Flynn Effect
  56. Test of intelligence that are intended to be free of cultural bias
    Culture-Fair Tests
  57. A condition in which an individual is limited in maental ability and has an IQ lower than 70
    Mental Retardation
  58. A mental retardation that is caused by a genetic disorder or by brain damage. Usually have IQ's between 0-50
    Organic Retardation
  59. A mental deficit in which no evidence of biological brain damage can be found. Usually have an IQ of 50-70
    Cultural-familial Retardation
  60. Above average Intelligence. IQ of 130 or higher
  61. The ability that gifted children have to master an area earlier thatn their peers
  62. knowledge about a language, such as knowing what a preposition is or the ability to discuss the sounds of language
    Metalinguistic Awareness
  63. A method used for teaching children to read by recognizing words as whole pieces of language
    The whole-language approach
  64. A method which empasized that reading instructions should teach basic rules for translating written symbols into sounds
    Phonics approach