respiration

Card Set Information

Author:
jpowell22
ID:
147491
Filename:
respiration
Updated:
2012-04-13 19:04:04
Tags:
functional anatomy
Folders:

Description:
thorax/resp
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  1. What 3 things make up the sternum?
    • manubrium
    • body
    • xiphoid process
  2. How many pair of ribs are there?
    12
  3. How many true/false/floating ribs are there?
    • 1-7 true
    • 8-10 false
    • 11-12 floating
  4. What are some things the ribs help do?
    • connect vertebral column with sternum
    • due to attachements limits mvmt of thoracic spine
    • protect internal organs
  5. What attaches ribs to the sternum?
    costal cartilage
  6. Costovertebral facets (articulations) articulate with what 2 things?
    • body of vertebra
    • transverse processes

    ribs and vertebrae join at 2 areas
  7. What is a demifacet?
    some ribs attach to only 1/2 of the vertebra up and down
  8. All the joints (facets) are what type of joint?
    monaxial, diarthrodial, gliding jts
  9. What mvmt occurs at the rib cage?
    • elevation
    • depression
  10. What happens when the rib cage moves up and out (elevates), and the thoracic cavity becomes larger?
    inspiration
  11. What happens when the rib cage moves down and in, the thoracic cavity becomes smaller, and the pressure is increased?
    expiration
  12. Inspiration contains what three phases?
    • quiet
    • deep
    • forced
  13. Expiration contains what 2 phases?
    • quiet
    • forced
  14. What 2 muscles are used for deep inspiration?
    • scalenes
    • SCM
  15. What 5 muscles are used for forced expiration?
    • rectus abdominis
    • external oblique
    • internal oblique
    • transverse abdominis
    • quadratus lumborum

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