SOCI 270

Card Set Information

SOCI 270
2012-04-13 23:07:16
MIDTERM definitions

Ch. 2
Show Answers:

  1. Anti-semitism
    prejudice againts jews
  2. Authoritarian
    a tendency to support political movements that demand conformity and submission to authority, often espousing prejudice. This concept is often associated with research by Theodor Adorno suggesting a personality type that makes people prone to prejudice
  3. Displaced aggression (scapegoating)
    a tendency to take out feelings of frustration and aggression on someone other than their true source
  4. Ethnocentrism
    a tendency to view one's own group as the norm and other groups not only as different but also as strange and usually inferior
  5. In-group
    A group of which a person is a member or with which he or she identifies
  6. Out group
    a group to which one does not belong and with which one not identify. Often, this group is culturally or racially different from or in competition with the in-group
  7. Projection
    a process in which one minimizes, avoids, or denies undesirable characteristics in oneself by exaggerating those same characteristics in others
  8. Scapegoating
    a tendency to take out feelings of frustration and aggression on someone other than their true source.
  9. Stereotype
    is an exaggerated belief associated with a category (a group of people, such as racial, ethnic, or religious group).
  10. Social learning theory
    believe that an environment in which prejudice is the norm or the dominant belief tends to produce prejudiced individuals, even those individuals have no particular personality need to be prejudiced.
  11. Socioeconomic status
    one's position in societal ranking systems, as indicated by such criteria as income, wealth, educational level, and occupation.
  12. Symbolic interactionist theory
    a major theoretical perspective in social psychology, which argues that agents of socialization (parents, peers, teachers, etc.) use symbols, such as words, language, and visual representation, to pass along to children their understandings of social reality and social expectations. These messages also shape the self image of children in ways that may or may not tie it to race, ethnicity, religion, etc.