KIN 2509 Ch 10

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  1. androgen
    generic term for an agent, usually a hormone (testosterone, androsterone) that stimulates activity of the accessory male sex organs or stimulates the development of male characteristics
  2. homeostasis
    • a relative constancy or equilibrium in the internal environment of the body
    • this balance is maintained by the ever-changing processes of feedback and regulation in response to external or internal changes
  3. masculinization
    • the normal development of secondary male sex characteristics that occurs during puberty
    • the abnormal development of masculine characteristics that can occur in a woman
  4. metabolism
    • the sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism
    • all energy and material transformations that occur within living cells
  5. prolactin
    • a hormone produced by the pituitary gland
    • association with estrogen and progesterone, stimulates breast development, and the formation of milk during pregnancy
  6. testis
    one of the paired male gonads or testicles
  7. virilism
    the presence or development of male secondary sex characteristics in a woman
  8. adren/o
    adrenal glands
  9. adrenal/o
    adrenal glands
  10. calc/o
  11. gluc/o
    sugar, sweetness
  12. glyc/o
    sugar, sweetness
  13. gonad/o
    gonads, sex glands
  14. home/o
    same, alike
  15. kal/i
    potassium (an electrolyte)
  16. pancreat/o
  17. parathyroid/o
    parathyroid glands
  18. thym/o
    thymus gland
  19. thyr/o
    thyroid gland
  20. thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  21. toxic/o
  22. adrenopathy
    any disease of the adrenal glands
  23. adrenalectomy
    surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
  24. hypocalcemia
    an abnormally low level of calcium in the blood
  25. glucogenesis
    formation of glucose
  26. glycuresis
    urinary excretion of glucose
  27. gonadopathy
    disease of the gonads
  28. kalemia
    presence of potassium in the blood
  29. pancreatoma
    pancreatic tumor
  30. parathyroidectomy
    surgical removal of the parathyroid glands
  31. thymitis
    inflammation of the thymus gland
  32. thryomegaly
    enlargement of the thyroid gland
  33. thyroidectomy
    surgical removal of the thyroid gland
  34. toxicologist
    specialist in the study of poisons or toxins
  35. endo-
    in, within
  36. exo-
    outside, outward
  37. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  38. hypo-
    under, below
  39. poly-
    many, much
  40. endocrine
    • to secrete internally or within
    • denotes a ductless gland that furnishes an internal secretion
  41. exocrine
    • to secrete outwardly
    • denotes a gland that secretes outwardly through excretory ducts
  42. hypercalcemia
    excessive concentration of a calcium in the blood
  43. hypokalemia
    lower than normal levels of potassium in the blood
  44. polydipsia
    excessive thirst
Card Set
KIN 2509 Ch 10
Ch 10 Endocrinology
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