KIN 2509 Ch 12

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dfusel2
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147588
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KIN 2509 Ch 12
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2012-04-14 14:39:42
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orthopedics
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Ch 12 Orthopedics
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  1. articulation
    the place between two or more bones; a joint
  2. articular cartilage
    a type of hyaline connective tissue that covers the articulating surfaces of bones within synovial joints
  3. bursa
    • a padlike sac or cavity found in connective tissue, usually near joints
    • lined with synovial membrane and secretes synovial fluid that acts to reduce friction between tendon and bone, tendon and ligament, or between other structures where friction is likely to occur
  4. collagen
    a strong, fibrous, insoluble protein found in the connective tissue of tendons, ligaments, bone, cartilage, and deep fascia
  5. collagenous fiber
    • any one of the tough, white protein fibers that constitute much of the intercellular substance and the connective tissue of the body, including bones
    • contain collagen
    • often arranged in bundles that strengthen the tissues in which they are embedded
  6. fontanel
    an unossified membrane or soft spot lying between the cranial bones of the skull of a fetus or infant
  7. hematopoiesis
    the production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
  8. ligament
    a strong flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bones, cartilage, and other structures to provide support or to attach fascia to muscle
  9. manubrium
    the upper segement of the sternum articulating with the clavicle and the first pair of costal cartilages
  10. suture
    the line of union in an immovable articulation, such as those between the skull bones
  11. synovial joint
    • a freely movable joint in which the bony surfaces are covered by articular cartilage and connected by a fibrous, connective tissue capsul that is lined with a synovial membrane
    • AKA diarthrosis
  12. tendon
    band of dense, fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
  13. condyle
    rounded, knuck-like process at the joint; usually covered by articular cartilage
  14. head
    a prominent, rounded, articular end of a bone
  15. process
    any bony prominence
  16. spine
    sharp, slenger, often pointed projection
  17. trochanter
    massive, irregularly shaped process found only on the femur
  18. tubercle
    small rounded process or projection
  19. tuberosity
    a large roughened process or projection
  20. foramen
    rounded opening through a bone to accomadate blood vessels and nerves
  21. fossa
    shallow, basinlike depression in a bone
  22. groove
    slight depression, or fissure
  23. meatus, canal
    a tubelike passage into a bone
  24. sinus
    a cavity or hollow space in a bone
  25. flexion
    decreases the angle of a joint
  26. extension
    increases the angle of a joint
  27. adduction
    moves closer to the midline
  28. abduction
    moves away from the midline
  29. pronation
    turns the palm down
  30. supination
    turns the palm up
  31. dorsiflexion
    elevates the foot
  32. plantar flexion
    lowers the foot (points the toes)
  33. rotation
    moves a bone around its longitudinal axis
  34. cephal/o
    head
  35. cervic/o
    neck
  36. cost/o
    ribs
  37. crani/o
    cranium
  38. lamin/o
    lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
  39. myel/o
    bone marrow, spinal cord
  40. orth/o
    straight
  41. oste/o
    bone
  42. rachi/o
    spine
  43. spondyl/o
    vertebrae (backbone)
  44. vertebr/o
    vertebrae (backbone)
  45. stern/o
    sternum (breastbone)
  46. thorac/o
    chest
  47. cephalad
    toward the head
  48. cervical
    pertaining to the neck of the body or the neck of the uterus
  49. subcostal
    pertaining to the area under the ribs
  50. craniotomy
    incision of the skull
  51. laminoectomy
    excision of the lamina
  52. myelopathy
    any pathological condition of the spinal cords
  53. orthopedist
    one who specializes in the treatment and diagnosis of musculoskeletal conditions
  54. osteoporosis
    porous bones
  55. rachiometer
    instrument used to measure spinal curvature
  56. spondyloptosis
    prolapse of a vertebra
  57. intervertebral
    relating to the area between two adjacent vertebrae
  58. sternocostal
    pertaining to the sternum and ribs
  59. thoracic
    pertaining to the chest
  60. brachi/o
    arm
  61. carp/o
    carpus (wrist bones)
  62. clavicul/o
    clavicle (collar bone)
  63. dactyl/o
    fingers, toes
  64. humer/o
    humerus (upper arm bone)
  65. acromi/o
    acromion (projection of the scapula)
  66. brachial
    pertaining to the arm
  67. carpal
    pertaining to the wrist bones
  68. supraclavicular
    pertaining to the area above the collar bone
  69. dactylospasm
    a cramp of the finger or toe
  70. humeral
    pertaining to the humerus
  71. acromioclavicular
    pertaining to the acromion and the clavicle
  72. metacarpa/o
    metacarpus (hand bones)
  73. phalang/o
    phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
  74. radi/o
    radiation, x-ray, radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
  75. uln/o
    ulna (lower arm bone on thumb side)
  76. calcane/o
    calcaneum (heel bone)
  77. femor/o
    femur (thigh bone)
  78. fibul/o
    fibula (smaller, outer bone of lower leg)
  79. ili/o
    ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
  80. ischi/o
    ischium (lower portion of the hip bone)
  81. lumb/o
    loins (lower back)
  82. patell/o
    patella (kneecap)
  83. ped/i
    foot, child
  84. pelv/i
    pelvis
  85. pelv/o
    pelvis
  86. pod/o
    foot
  87. pub/o
    pelvis bones (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
  88. tibi/o
    tibia (larger inner bone of the lower leg)
  89. metacarpal
    pertaining to the metacarpus
  90. phalangectomy
    excision of one or more phalanges
  91. radial
    pertaining to the radius bone
  92. ulnar
    pertaining to the ulna
  93. calcaneodynia
    pain in the calcaneum
  94. femoral
    pertaining to the femur
  95. fibular
    pertaining to the fibula
  96. iliac
    pertaining to the ilium
  97. ischial
    pertaining to the ischium
  98. lumbar
    pertaining to the loin area or lower back
  99. patellectomy
    excision of the patella
  100. pedialgia
    pain in the foot
  101. pelvic
    pertainng to the pelvis
  102. podiatry
    branch of medicine specializing in disorders of the feet
  103. pubis
    the pelvic bone
  104. tibial
    pertaining to the tibia
  105. ankyl/o
    stiffness, bent, crooked
  106. arthr/o
    joint
  107. chondr/o
    cartilage
  108. condyl/o
    condyle (rounded protuberance at end of a bone that forms an articulation)
  109. synov/o
    synovial membrane, synovial fluid
  110. lei/o
    smooth
  111. my/o
    muscle
  112. rhabd/o
    rod-shaped (striated)
  113. fasci/o
    band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
  114. fibr/o
    fiber, fibrous tissue
  115. ten/o
    tendon
  116. tend/o
    tendon
  117. tendin/o
    tendon
  118. ankylosis
    condition of a stiff joint, usually resulting from a disease
  119. arthrodesis
    surgical immobilization of a joint to relieve pain or provide support
  120. chondromalacia
    softening of the articular cartilage, usually the patella, which occurs in young adults after knee injury
  121. condyloid
    resembling a condyle
  122. synovitis
    inflammation of the synovial membrane
  123. leiomyoma
    tumor consisting primarily of smooth muscle
  124. myopathy
    diseased muscle or muscle tissue
  125. rhabdomyoma
    tumor consisting of primarily striated muscular tissue
  126. fasciectomy
    excision of strips of fascia
  127. fibromyalgia
    pain in fibrous and muscle tissue
  128. tenorrhaphy
    suturing of a tendon
  129. tendolysis
    process of freeing a tendon from adhesions
  130. tendinitis
    inflammation of a tendon
  131. dia-
    through, across
  132. epi-
    above, upon
  133. endo-
    in, within
  134. diaphysis
    the shaft or middle region of a long bone
  135. epiphysis
    the end of a long bone
  136. endolumbar
    in the lower back or lumbar portion of the spinal cord
  137. peri-
    around
  138. periosteal
    pertaining to the periosteum

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