Normal Values

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Author:
maricar2517
ID:
147608
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Normal Values
Updated:
2013-09-04 16:51:55
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ABG
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Normal Values
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  1. sodium Na
    • 135-145 mEq/L
    • in ECF
    • regulates acid/base balance, affects nerve impulses
  2. Phosphate
    • 2.8-4.5 mg/dL
    • buffer in ICF
  3. Chloride
    • 95-105
    • major anion- follows sodium
    • in ECF
  4. Magnesium
    • 1.5-2.5
    • in ECF and bone
  5. Potassium K
    • 3.5-5.3 mEq/L
    • in ICF
    • necessary for glycogen
  6. Calcium Ca
    • 4.5-5.5 mEq/L
    • in ECF and bone
  7. pH
    • Adult-7.35-7.45
    • Child-7.36-7.44
  8. PaCO2
    35-45 mmHg
  9. PaO2
    80-100 mmHg
  10. SaO2
    95-100%
  11. SvO2
    greater than 70%
  12. HCO3 Bicarbonate
    • 22-26 mEq/L
    • in ICF and ECF
    • major buffer system in ICF
  13. WBC's
    5,000-10,000
  14. Hbg/Hb
    • Male-14-18 g/dL
    • Female- 12-16 g/dL
  15. Hct
    • Male- 42-52%
    • Female- 37-47%
  16. Blood Sugar
    • Fasting- 70-110
    • Nonfasting- 80-120
  17. RBC's
    • Males- 4.7-6.1 million
    • Females- 4.2-5.4 million
  18. SpO2 Pulse oximetry
    90-100%
  19. BP
    120/80
  20. prehypertension
    120-139/80-90
  21. Stage 1 Hypertension
    140-149/90-99
  22. Stage 2 Hypertension
    >160/>100
  23. hypovolemia
    • excess fluid loss
    • S/S- extreme sweating, diarrhea, hemmorhage, vomiting
  24. Trousseaus sign
    hand and fingers go into spasm- can occur spontaneously or when blood flow is decreased
  25. chvosteks sign
    toucing the facial nerve adjacent to the ear produces twitching in the clients upper lip

  26. Prothrombin Time
    (PT)
    10-13 seconds
  27. hyponatremia- decreased sodium
    • casued by excessive exercise, diarrhea, adrenal insufficiency, vomiting, diuretics, burn victims
    • S/S-decreased skin turgor, light headed, nausea
  28. hypernatremia- high sodium
    • caused by disbetes insipidus, aldosterone secretions, increased sodium, hypersolutions
    • S/S- edema, extreme thirst, convulsions
  29. hypokalemia
    • caused by diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, extreme sweating
    • S/S- muscle weakness, heart dysrrthymias, muscle cramping, weakness, irregular pulse
  30. hyperkalemia
    • caused by fluid volume deficit, burns, K+ sparing diuretics
    • S/S- increased HR, diarrhea, weakness, dysrrthymias (must take blood test to differentiate between hypo and hyper)
  31. hypocalcemia
    • caused by low Vit d intake
    • chronic alcoholism
    • giving blood too fast
    • S/S- numbness, circumoral (mouth) tingling
    • trousseaus and chvostkes sign- can progress into seizures, laryngeal stridor, tetany, hemorrhage, cardiac collapse and eventual death.
    • Manifestations- related to neuromuscular hyperexcitability
  32. hypercalcemia
    • caused by osteoporosis, hyperparathyroidism, piagets disease
    • S/S- nausea, vomiting, anorexia

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