KIN 2509 Ch 15

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Author:
dfusel2
ID:
147620
Filename:
KIN 2509 Ch 15
Updated:
2012-04-14 16:51:17
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hematology
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Ch 15 Hematology
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  1. erythrocyte
    • a mature red blood cell
    • main function - carry oxygen
  2. hyperuricemia
    an abnormal amount of uric acid in the blood
  3. interstitial
    pertaining to the space between cells
  4. leukocyte
    • a white blood cell
    • primary effectors agains infection and tissue damage
    • five types - basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils, monocytes, lymphocytes
  5. osmosis
    • the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates solutions of different concentrations
    • solvent (usually water) passes through the membrane from the region of lower concentration of solute to that of a higher concentration of solute
  6. osmotic pressure
    force under which a solvent, usually water, moves from a solution of lower solute concentration to a solution of higher solute concentrations
  7. pH
    degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance
  8. agglutin/o
    clumping, gluing
  9. bas/o
    base (alkaline)
  10. chrom/o
    color
  11. eosin/o
    dawn (rose colored)
  12. erythr/o
    red
  13. granul/o
    granule
  14. hem/o
    blood
  15. hemat/o
    blood
  16. agglutination
    process by which (foreign) cells clump
  17. basophil
    a type of blood cell that attracts alkaline dyes
  18. chromic
    pertaining to color
  19. eosinophil
    type of blood cell that attracts red dyes
  20. erythropoiesis
    the formation of erythrocytes (RBCs)
  21. granulocyte
    any granular blood cell
  22. hemophilia
    a group of hereditary bleeding disorders marked by deficiences of blood-clotting proteins
  23. hematoma
    a localized mass of blood (usually clotted) confined to an organ, tissue, or space; caused by a break in a blood vessel
  24. kary/o
    nucleus
  25. leuk/o
    white
  26. nucle/o
    nucleus
  27. lymph/o
    lymph
  28. morph/o
    form, shape, structure
  29. myel/o
    bone marrow, spinal cord
  30. phag/o
    swallowing, eating
  31. poikil/o
    varied, irregular
  32. reticul/o
    net, mesh
  33. sider/o
    iron
  34. thromb/o
    blood clot
  35. an-
    without, not
  36. aniso-
    unequal, dissimilar
  37. hypo-
    under, below
  38. mono-
    one
  39. karyocyte
    nucleated red blood cell
  40. leukocyte
    a white blood cell
  41. mononuclear
    having one nucleus
  42. lymphocyte
    white blood cell that arises from bone marrow and is responsible for much of the body's immune response
  43. morphology
    the study of the physcial shape and size of a specimen, plant, or animal
  44. myelosuppression
    suppression of bone marrow function
  45. phagocyte
    a cell that can surround, engulf, and digest microorganisms and cellular debris
  46. poikilocyte
    an abnormal variation in the shape of red blood cells
  47. reticulocyte
    an immature erythrocyte characterized by a meshlike pattern of threads and particles at the former site of the nucleus
  48. sideropenia
    deficiency or iron
  49. thrombolysis
    dissolution of a blood clot
  50. anemia
    blood condition characterized by red blood cell or iron deficiency
  51. anisocytosis
    an abnormal condition of the blood characterized by excessive red blood cells of variable and abnormal size
  52. hypochromia
    a condition of the blood in which the red blood cells have a reduced hemoglobin content
  53. monocyte
    a relatively large mononuclear leukocyte

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