ch 28

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Author:
studyingiswhatido
ID:
147702
Filename:
ch 28
Updated:
2012-04-15 05:00:28
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signs symptoms
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  1. hyponatremia
    • -altered level of consciousness
    • -anxiety
    • -anorexia
    • -central nervous system and neuromuscular change
    • -coma
    • -decreased sensation
    • -mental confusion
    • -muscular cramps
    • -nausea
    • -seizures
    • -vomiting
  2. hypernatremia
    • -coma
    • -dry mucous membranes
    • -flushed skin
    • -increased temperature
    • -intense thrist
    • -irritability
    • -intercranial pressure
    • -lethargy
    • -loss of skin turgor
    • -oliguria (small volume of urine)
    • -seizures
    • -twiching
    • -weakness
  3. hypokalemia
    • -abdomianl pain
    • -cardiac dysrhythmias
    • -confusion
    • -decreased reflexes
    • -ECG changes
    • -gaseous distension of intestine
    • -increased urine pH
    • -lethargy
    • -muscle weakness
    • -urinary retention
    • -paralysis
    • -paralytic ileus
  4. hyperkalemia
    • -cardiac dsyrhythmias
    • -ECG changes
    • -hypotension
    • -muscle weakness
    • -paralysis
    • -paresthesias (numbness, tingling, burning sensation or pinpricks)
  5. hypocalcemia
    • -cardiac dysrhythmia
    • -cardiac failure
    • -colic (acute abdominal pain)
    • -difficult swallowing
    • -dyspnea
    • -hand spasms
    • -muscle spasms
    • -parasthesias
    • -positive chvostek's sign
    • -positive trousseau's sign
    • -seizures
    • -tetany
    • -wheezing
  6. hypercalcemia
    • -abdominal pain
    • -anorexia
    • -cardiac arrest
    • -confusion
    • -constipation
    • -pathologic fractures
    • -polyuria
    • -renal calculi
  7. hypomagnesemia
    • -cardiac arrhythmias
    • -hyperactive reflexes
    • -hypocalcemia
    • -hypokalemia
    • -insomnia
    • -leg and foot cramps
    • -positive chvostek's checks
    • -positive trousseau sign
    • -seizures
    • -tremors
    • -twitching
    • -vertigo

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