Reading

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ChiggyWiggy
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147716
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Reading
Updated:
2012-04-19 21:26:03
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Reading TCAP Coach Lessons 23 through 33
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TCAP Coach Lessons 23-33
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  1. What is a group of sentences that has one central idea?
    Paragraph
  2. Where is the main idea presented?
    Topic Sentence
  3. What gives facts and examples about the main idea?
    Supporting Sentences
  4. What sums up and reaffirms the main idea of the paragraph?
    Concluding Sentence
  5. What is the term that is a passage from one idea to another?
    Transition
  6. What term are these words an example of-also, in the same way, just as, likewise, similarly?
    Compare
  7. What term are these words an example of-but, however, on the other hand, nevertheless on the contrary, still, yet?
    Contrast
  8. What term are these words an example of-afterward, at last, before, currently, during, earlier, later, meanwhile, then?
    Sequence
  9. What term are these words an example of- additionally, equally important, for example, furthermore, to illustrate?
    Proof
  10. What term are these words an example of-accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus?
    Cause/Effect
  11. What term are these words an example of-finally, in conclusion, in the final analysis, on the whole, to summarize?
    Conclude
  12. What is the basic rule?
    One Idea, One Paragraph
  13. What is the most important thought or idea provided by the author? It gives a piece of writing its purpose.
    Main Idea
  14. The author also includes additional information in a passage which supports the main idea. What is this term?
    Supporting Details
  15. Whether you want to know the meaning of an unfamiliar word or more about an interesting topic you discovered, these can help you.
    Reference Sources
  16. What are these words an example of? An encyclopedia, a textbook, an almanac, a dictionary, a thesaurus, or the Internet.
    Reference Sources
  17. Look up your topic in these resources using these. These are words related to a topic that will lead you to the information on that topic.
    Key Words
  18. What resource contains-facts and statistics for a wide variety of subjects, including information about planting and harvesting, weather, and geography updated and published yearly?
    Almanac
  19. What resource contains-factual information about wide variety of topics, presented alphabetically in articles, organized in volumes?
    Encyclopedia
  20. What resource contains-a list of key terms and their definitions, usually found in the back of nonfiction books?
    Glossary
  21. What resource contains-factual information about one topic or field of study?
    Textbook
  22. What resource contains-an alphabetical list of words and their definitions, origins, spelling, and pronunciations?
    Dictionary
  23. What resource contains-an alphabetical list of words and their synonyms and antonyms?
    Thesaurus
  24. What resource contains-an electronic, online network of Web sites that provides information about nearly any topic you may be curious about?
    The Internet
  25. An essay presents its main idea in the form of an opinion or argument called its......
    It is specific tells. It tells the reader what the article or essay is about. It states only what the paper will cover.
    Thesis
  26. Where is a thesis statement almost always found?
    In the first two paragraphs of the paper. Some writers state the thesis at the end of the first paragraph.
  27. What is a document or speech created during the time under study? These are first-hand accounts written or told by people who witnessed the event themselves.
    Primary Source
  28. What is a secondhand account created by someone who did not witness the event? This is based on the writings and interviews with primary sources and may include quotes or pictures from primary sources? However, this serves to explain and analyze what the primary sources reported.
    Secondary Source
  29. What are these words an example of-letters, diaries, autobiographies, newspaper articles written by a reporter at the scene, photos, news film footage, speeches, and interviews?
    Primary Sources
  30. What are these words an example of-textbooks, histories, encyclopedias, biographies, newspaper articles based on interviews with people at the scene, magazine articles, and documentary movies?
    Secondary Sources
  31. What is a brief paragraph about a story, article, poem, or other piece of writing in a much shorter way?
    Summary
  32. This means that you should use your owns words. Never copy sentences word for word from the story or article-
    Paraphrase
  33. A good summary...
    • Explains the main idea in a brief, direct way.
    • Includes the most important supporting details from the original passage.
    • Does not include many unimportant details.
    • Is paraphrased.
    • Is only a few sentences long.
  34. What is a type of writing with its own characteristics?
    Genre
  35. What type of genre refers to stories that are made up? Although the events and characters can seem realistic, they are not real.
    Fiction
  36. What type of genre tells about real people and real events?
    Nonfiction
  37. What genre imagines a futuristic or alien world; includes inventions that could exist in the future?
    Science Fiction
  38. What genre blends historical facts in a fictional story; often educates and entertains?
    Historical Fiction
  39. What genre explores origins of natural phenomena; includes gods or heroes?
    Myth/Legend
  40. What genre tells a story that is meant to be performed by actors; includes stage directions and dialogue?
    Drama
  41. What genre tells a story or expresses feelings; written in stanzas; has rhythm, and sometimes a rhyme scheme?
    Poetry
  42. What genre is from the author's imagination; usually believable characters and situations?
    Story
  43. What genre features magical characters; often starts with "Once upon a time?"
    Fairy Tale
  44. What genre is a story handed down through the generations in the oral tradition?
    Folk Tale
  45. What genre is a story that teaches a lesson; usually has animal characters that act like humans?
    Fable
  46. What genre tells the true story of a real person's life, using firsthand accounts?
    Biography
  47. What genre is a biography written by the subject himself or herself?
    Autobiography
  48. What genre is the largest genre that includes everything that is in this chart, and reference materials?
    Reference Sources
  49. What genre is a factual account of events happening in the world; can include headlines?
    Essay
  50. What is the person, animal, or object in the story?
    Character
  51. What is the one the story is mostly about?
    Main Character
  52. What is a character who does not go through some kind of change?
    Static Character
  53. What is this an example of-a villain who stays a bad guy all the way through a story?
    Static Character
  54. What is a character who goes through some kind of change?
    Dynamic Character
  55. What is this an example of-a villain who becomes a good guy by the end of the story?
    Dynamic Character
  56. What is a character with only one or two traits; often a secondary character?
    Flat Character
  57. What is this an example of-a character who is only shown as a friendly neighbor?
    Flat Character
  58. What is a complex, realistic character with more than one trait?
    Round Character
  59. What is this an example of-a hero who has problems and is neither all good nor all bad?
    Round Character
  60. What is where and when the story takes place? There is usually more than one of these in a story, and each is important to what happens. Sometimes an author does not name this but gives readers clues in the text.
    Setting
  61. This is what happens in a story-
    Plot
  62. This is a problem a character has to solve in the plot-
    Conflict
  63. Name this type of conflict-two characters struggling against each other, or a character struggling against nature.
    External Conflict
  64. Name this type of conflict-when a character struggles with his or her own thoughts or emotions.
    Internal Conflict
  65. Name the element that tells the setting and characters.
    Exposition
  66. Name the element of the part of a story where a character tries to solve a conflict.
    Rising Action
  67. Name the element where the conflict reaches its tensest moment.
    Climax
  68. Name the element that is the point after the climax where the characters begin to supply a solution to the conflict and loose ends are tied up.
    Falling Action
  69. Name the element that tells how everything turns out in the end.
    Resolution
  70. What is the perspective from which a story is told?
    Point of View
  71. What is the point of view that uses the pronouns I and me, and the narrator takes part in the action of the story?
    First-person
  72. What is the character telling the story?
    Narrator
  73. What point of view does this sentence give an example of? I know where Derek lives. Derek goes to school with me.
    First-person
  74. What is the point of view that uses the pronoun you to directly address the reader?
    Second-person
  75. What point of view does this sentence give an example of? You know where Derek lives. Derek goes to school with you.
    Second-person
  76. What is the point of view that uses the pronouns he, she, and they. The narrator is not part of the action of the story.
    Third-person
  77. What point of view does this sentence give an example of? She knows where Derek lives. Derek goes to school with her.
    Third-person
  78. What is the message or meaning of a story? It is the basic idea or insight about life that the author wants you to understand.
    Theme
  79. How do you figure out the theme?
    Determine the main focus of the story, and ask yourself how it applies to life in general.
  80. What should you ask yourself when trying to figure out the theme of a story?
    "What lesson should I learn from this story?"
  81. Many stories have a theme, and some stories have .......... theme.
    more than one
  82. In most stories, the narrator does not tell you the theme outright. Instead, you have to figure it out for yourself. You can figure out the theme by thinking about-
    the story's events, the plot, and the character's problem or conflict. Look at the resolution, or outcome, of the story. Sometimes what the characters learn or resolve in the story points to the theme.
  83. What are words and phrases that cannot be understood from their exact meaning.
    Figurative Language
  84. What are these words an example of? Alliteration, onomatopoeia, repetition, rhyme, and rhythm.
    Sound Devices
  85. What are these words an example of? Metaphor, simile, and personification.
    Figurative Language
  86. Name this element. Stimulate your hearing because the words themselves create exciting effects.
    Sound Devices
  87. Name this type of figurative language. Repetition of the first sound in a words series.
    Alliteration
  88. What is this phrase an example of? The splendid silent sun.
    Alliteration
  89. Name this type of figurative language. Exaggeration used to make a point.
    Hyperbole
  90. What is this phrase an example of? I have a million things to do today.
    Hyperbole
  91. Name this type of figurative language. A comparison between two unlike things.
    Metaphor
  92. What is this phrase an example of? A glass sea.
    Metaphor
  93. Name this type of figurative language. Human characteristics given to nonhuman things.
    Personification
  94. What is this phrase an example of? The whispering wind, the dancing flowers.
    Personification
  95. Name this type of figurative language. Sounds that are words.
    Onomatopoeia
  96. What are these words an example of? Boom, buzz, zip, zap.
    Onomatopoeia
  97. Name this type of figurative language. Repeating a word or phrase to add rhythm or stress an idea.
    Repetition
  98. What is this phrase an example of? Give me solitude-give me Nature-give me again, O Nature, your primal sanities!
    Repetition
  99. Name this type of figurative language. Repetition of accented syllables with the same vowel and consonant sounds.
    Rhyme
  100. What is this phrase an example of? Brown and furry, Caterpillar in a hurry.
    Rhyme
  101. Name this type of figurative language. The pattern of rhyme in a poem represented by letters.
    Rhyme Scheme
  102. What are these letters an example of? AABB, ABBA, ABAB, etc.
    Rhyme Scheme
  103. Name this type of figurative language. The variation between accented and unaccented syllables in a poem.
    Rhythm
  104. What is this phrase an example of? Tyger, Tyger burning bright, In the forests of the night...
    Rhythm
  105. Name this type of figurative language. A comparison of two unlike things that uses like or as.
    Simile
  106. What is this phrase an example of? A voice as smooth as glass.
    Simile

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