Ch. 1 Nursing Today

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rmski77
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Ch. 1 Nursing Today
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2012-04-15 15:49:30
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Chapter Nursing Today NRSG 100
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Ch. 1 Nursing Today Nursing 100
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  1. An advanced practice nurse with a masters degree who independently provides health care to clients, usually in an outpatient, ambulatory care, or community-based setting
    Nurse Practitioner
  2. An advanced practice nurse with expertise in a specialized area of practice who may work in any practice setting
    Clinical Nurse Specialtist
  3. A registered nurse is educatied in midwifery and certified to provide independent care for women during normal pregnancy, labor, and birth as well as care for the newborn
    Certified nurse midwife
  4. A registered nurse who has received advanced training in an accreited program to provide anesthesia under the guidance and supervision of a physician
    Certified registered nurse anesthetist
  5. This is granted to registered nurse candidates who pass the NCLEX-RN test administered by the individual state boards of nursing. It ensures that the candidate has a minimum knowledge base for the population nurses serve.
    Licensure
  6. Formal, organized educational programs offered by state nurses associations and educational and health care institutions to help nurses remain current in nursing skills, knowledge, and theory.
    Continuing education and inservice education
  7. The nurse practices nursing in conformity with the code of ethics for professional registered nurses. This code:
    Defines the principles by which nurses' provide care to their clients
  8. An 18-year-old woman is in the emergency department with fever and cough. The physician asks the nurse to measure vital signs, auscultate lung sounds, listen to heart sounds, determine the level of comfort, and collect blood and sputum samples for analysis. The nurse is performing what aspect of practice?
    Assessment
  9. A client is wheezing and short of breath. The physician orders a medicated nebulizer treatment now and in 4 hours. The nurse is providing what aspect of care?
    Implementation
  10. The nurse is caring for a client with end-stage lung disease. The client wants to go home on oxygen therapy and be comfortable. The family wants the client to undergo a new surgical procedure. The nurse explains the risk and benefits of the surgery to the family and discusses the client's wishes with the family. The nurse is acting as the client's:
    Advocate
  11. Evidence-based practice is defined as:
    A problem-solving approach to clinical practice based on best practices
  12. The examination for the registered nurse (RN) licensure is exactly the same in every state in the United States. This examination:
    Provides a minimal standard of knowledge for practice
  13. Advanced practice nurses (APNs) generally:
    Function independently
  14. Nursing practice in the twenty-first century is an art and science that is centered on:
    The client
  15. Who acted to decrease mortality by improving sanitation in the battlefields, which resulted in a decline in illness and infection?
    Florence Nightingale
  16. The professional nurse responsible for increasing respect for the individual and awareness of cultural diversity was:
    Mary Mahoney
  17. The document that developed goals and objectives to meet the health of the public is known as:
    Healthy People 2010
  18. A nurse who uses critical thinking in the decision-making process to provide effective quality care to individuals is known as:
    A clinical decision maker
  19. What assures clients that they will receive quality care from a competent nurse?
    Standards of care
  20. The licensure and practice of nursing is regulated by:
    The Nurse Practice Act
  21. A nurse who has filled a position on the same unit for 2 years understands the unit's organization and the care of the clients on that nursing unit. Benner defines this nurse as able to anticipate nursing care and to formulate long-range goals; this nurse is given the title:
    Competent nurse
  22. An APN is the most independently functioning of all professional nurses. All of the following are examples of a clinically focused APN:
    • Case manager
    • Nurse specialist
    • Nurse practitioner
  23. An APN is pursuing a job change. What position would the APN be unable to fill without meeting additional criteria?
    Certified registered nurse anesthetist
  24. What professional organization was created to address concerns of members in the nursing profession?
    NLN(National League for Nursing)
  25. Contemporary nursing requires that the nurse possess knowledge and skills to carry out a variety of professional roles and responsibilities. Examples include:
    • Autonomy and accountability
    • Advocacy
    • Provision of bedside care
    • Health promotion and illness prevention
  26. occurs after all assessments are completed
    Diagnosis
  27. a plan is developed and
    implemented
  28. actual delivery of care
    Implementation
  29. data gathering is
    Assessment
  30. Then the information is developed into a
    diagnosis
  31. the final step of the nursing process is
    Evaluation
  32. helps speak for the client, communicating the client's concerns and wishes to family and other caregivers
    advocate
  33. assists in meeting all health care needs of the client, including taking measures to restore emotional, spiritual, and social well-being
    caregiver
  34. coordinates all the activities of the members of the nursing staff in delivering nursing care and has personnel, policy, and budgetary responsibilities for a specific nursing unit or agency
    manager
  35. explains concepts and facts about health, demonstrates procedures such as self-care activities, reinforces learning or client behavior, and evaluates the client's progress in learning
    educator
  36. where the client goes to receive treatment
    health care facility
  37. how nurses proceed to plan care for the client
    The nursing process
  38. founded the Red Cross
    Clara Barton
  39. organized hospitals, nurses, and supply lines to support the troops of the Union Army
    Dorothea Dix
  40. opened the first community health service for the poor
    Lillian Wald
  41. assisted slaves to freedom during the Civil War
    Harriet Tubman
  42. founded the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada, which later became the American Nurses Association (ANA)
    Isabel Hampton
  43. instrumental in the affiliation of nursing education with universities
    Mary Adelaide Nutting
  44. Nightingale's first nursing philosophy
    Notes on Nursing
  45. developed standards and policies for end-of-life care
    Last Acts Campaign
  46. draws on research findings as well as clinical expertise and client values
    evidence-based practitioner
  47. includes health care members from various fields of activity, such as physical therapy and dietary therapy, along with nursing
    member of a multidisciplinary practice
  48. regulates the licensing and practice of nursing; it describes the scope of practice
    Nurse Practice Act
  49. allows the facility, school, or hospital to operate and be recognized in good standing according to standards set by peers
    Accreditation certification
  50. the standardized national examination that assess for a minimum knowledge base relevant to the client population that the nurse serves
    National council licensure
  51. an organization that addresses legal aspects of nursing practice
    ANA Congress for Nursing
  52. diverse experience who can focus on a specific problem and offer multidimensional solutions
    Expert nurse
  53. more than 2 to 3 years' experience and applies knowledge and experience to a situation
    Proficient nurse
  54. some level of experience
    Advanced beginner
  55. has additional experience and is able to coordinate activities of other members of the health care team
    Case manager
  56. addresses health on a national level
    National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  57. concerned with areas of public health
    Public Health Administration (PHA)

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