Fungal infections

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Author:
scbtmed
ID:
147767
Filename:
Fungal infections
Updated:
2012-04-15 16:31:15
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  1. ______________to produce the branching filaments known as hyphae.
    mold spores germinate
  2. ____________are solitary rounded forms that reproduce by making more rounded forms through such mechanisms as budding or fission
    yeasts
  3. The major characteristic of virtually every systemic mycosis is ________
    chronic course
  4. Coccidiumycosis is found where? What does it affect
    Valley fever, joaquin fever, southwest US and some mexico. Usually affects only respiratory (lungs).
  5. Treatment for coccidiomycosis
    Amphotericin B and fluconazole, alternate itraconazole, acute pulmonary symptoms will resolve in 6-8 weeks.
  6. What is another name for histoplasmosis?
    Darlings disease, central united states
  7. How can people get histoplasmosis?
    Removal of debris containing bird or bat droppings and inhalation
  8. Plan for histoplasmosis
    Nothing needed for asymptomatic or acute infection (unless longer than 1 month),

    • Chronic pulmonary - itraconazole
    • Disseminated - amphoteracin B
  9. Blastomycosis can be found where?
    Gilchrist disease can be found in southcentral, midwestern US and canada.
  10. What can blastomycosis affect?
    Acute pulmonary infection, lesions on the bones, skin and GU, near rivers and streams.
  11. Paracoccidiomycosis is found where?
    South america
  12. Southamerican blastomycosis presents with what?
    Paracoccidiomycosis usually presents with chronic productive cough, painful mouth and throat ulcers

    Give itraconazole
  13. Cryptococcosis can be found where and transmitted by what?
    Pigeon droppings. North america and worldwide and usually targets aids patients

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