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______________to produce the branching filaments known as hyphae.
mold spores germinate
____________are solitary rounded forms that reproduce by making more rounded forms through such mechanisms as budding or fission
The major characteristic of virtually every systemic mycosis is ________
Coccidiumycosis is found where? What does it affect
Valley fever, joaquin fever, southwest US and some mexico. Usually affects only respiratory (lungs).
Treatment for coccidiomycosis
Amphotericin B and fluconazole, alternate itraconazole, acute pulmonary symptoms will resolve in 6-8 weeks.
What is another name for histoplasmosis?
Darlings disease, central united states
How can people get histoplasmosis?
Removal of debris containing bird or bat droppings and inhalation
Plan for histoplasmosis
Nothing needed for asymptomatic or acute infection (unless longer than 1 month),
- Chronic pulmonary - itraconazole
- Disseminated - amphoteracin B
Blastomycosis can be found where?
Gilchrist disease can be found in southcentral, midwestern US and canada.
What can blastomycosis affect?
Acute pulmonary infection, lesions on the bones, skin and GU, near rivers and streams.
Paracoccidiomycosis is found where?
Southamerican blastomycosis presents with what?
Paracoccidiomycosis usually presents with chronic productive cough, painful mouth and throat ulcers
Cryptococcosis can be found where and transmitted by what?
Pigeon droppings. North america and worldwide and usually targets aids patients
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