general psychology exam 1
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general psychology exam 1
-trained as a MD
-things can effect our behavior eyond our awareness
-unconscious desires may manifest themselves when a person is relaxed or dreaming
-created first academy
-first graduate of platos academy
-discovered the reflex
-theory of memory
-wrote first textbook on psychology called "principles of psychology" in 1890
-aka the "armchair" psychologist
-first experimental psychologist
-made first experimental lab in Germany
-introspection and structuralism
-Russian physicologist and experimental psychologish
-observable behaviors only, no structuralism
-all behavior can be discrived in terms of the envrioment stimuli and experiance.
-the radical behaviorist
-the magic number of short-term memory (7)
-law of effect, reward for behavior more likely to behave like that again
What is Psychology?
the study of human behavior and mental processes
how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and experiances. goal is the explain the biological underpinnings of behavior.
how we encode, process, store and retrieve information.
how the natural selction of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes.
how much our genes and our envrioment influence our individual differeces.
(GENES VS. ENVRIOMENT)
BEHAVIORAL GENETICS APPROACH
how we learn observable responses.
how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures.
looking into your mind
what you find when you look in your own mind
describing what function that you find plays
-1st female president of APA in 1894
-trained by James
-discovered the Recency effect
MARY WHINTON CALKINS
-principles of orginazation and grouping
-applies to visual preception
-wholelistic organization (the whole is greater than some of its parts)
what 3 men were involved in the behaviorist movement?
against theorizing about mental "structures" such as memory and attention
all behavior can be explained in terms of _________, _________, and __________
nonexperimental research does not attempt to change
-attempts to control extraneous factors
equal chance of being selected
stratified random sample
random sampling from lists of different groups
the statistical method of the survey researcher
measures 2 or more variables to determine the degreee of relationship between them
one varible goes up and the other down is________
a negative correlation
both varibles go either up or down (same direction) is ________
a positive correlation
corelation does not mean _________
1)define the problem (hypothisis)
3)analyze data (requires operationalism and obervation)
unconditioned stimuli (UCS)
event that leads to response without being taught
(food in mouth)
unconditioned response (UCR)
process by which stimulus or event strengthens or increases the event that it follows
followed by reward
removal of an unpleasent stimulus
what you are trying to explain or learn about
the factor taht hypothetically influence or cause the behavior of interest
envrioment acts on you
you act on the envrioment
the process of rewarding approximations of desired behavior