Ally H. PolSci1

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Ally H. PolSci1
2012-04-15 20:16:38
Political Science vocabulary Part

Ch. 1
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  1. Authoritarian Government
    a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions
  2. Autocracy
    a form of government in which a single individual—a king, queen, or dictator—rules
  3. Citizenship
    informed and active membership in a political community
  4. Constitutional Government
    a system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government
  5. Democracy
    a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials
  6. Direct Democracy
    a system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies
  7. Equality of opportunity
    a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential
  8. Government
    institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled
  9. Laissez-faire capitalism
    an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal or no government interference
  10. Liberty
    freedom from governmental control.
  11. Limited government
    a principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution
  12. Majority rule
    minority rights
  13. Oligarchy
    a form of government in which a small group—landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants—controls most of the governing decisions
  14. Pluralism
    the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation
  15. Political culture
    broadly shared values, beliefs, and attitudes about how the government should function. American political culture emphasizes the values of liberty, equality, and democracy
  16. Political efficacy
    the ability to influence government and politics
  17. Political equality
    the right to participate in politics equally, based on the principle of "one person, one vote"
  18. Politics
    conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies of governments
  19. Popular soverignty
    a principle of democracy in which political authority rests ultimately in the hands of the people
  20. Power
    influence over a government’s leadership, organization, or policies
  21. Representative democracy/republic
    a system of government in which the populace selects representatives, who play a significant role in governmental decision making
  22. Totalitarian Government
    a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it