Antianxiety, Hypnotic, Anticonvulsant, Sedative
Description: Diazepam is a benzodiazepine sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant that reduces tremors, induces amnesia, and reduces the incidence and recurrence of seizures. It relaxes muscle spasms in orthopedic injuries and produces amnesia for painful procedures (cardioversion).
Indications: Major motor seizures, status epilepticus, premedication before cardioversion, muscle tremors due to injury, and acute anxiety.
Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to the drug, shock, coma, acute alcoholism, depressed vital signs, obstetric patients, neonates.
Precautions: Psychoses, depression, myasthenia gravis, Due to a short half-life of the drug, seizure activity may recur.
- Dosage/Route: Seizures: 5 to 10 mg IV/IM. Acute anxiety: 2 to 5 mg IV/IM.
- Pedi: 0.5 to 2 mg IM.
- Premedication: 5 to 15 mg IV.
- Pedi: 0.2 to 0.5 mg/kg IV.