Gov quiz

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Gov quiz
2012-04-16 02:03:25

ch. 16
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  1. requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a case, which depends on whether they have sustained or are likely to sustain a direct and substantial injury from a party or an action of government
    standing to sue
  2. lawsuits permitting a small number of people to sue on behalf of all other people similarly situated
    class action suits
  3. a requirement that to be heard, a case must be capable of being settled as a matter of law rather than on other grounds as is commonly the case in legislative bodies
    justiciable disputes
  4. legal briefs submitted by a friend of court for the purpose of raising additional points of view and presenting info not contained in the briefs of the formal parties
    amicus curiae briefs
  5. the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. these are the courts that determine the facts abouta case
    original jursidiction
  6. the jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them on appeal from lower courts. these courts do not review the factual record, only legal issues
    appellate jurisdiction
  7. 91 federal courts of original jurisdiction. only federal courts in which trial are held and in which juries may be impaneled
    district courts
  8. appellate courts empowered to review all final decisions of district courts, except in rare cases.
    courts of appeal
  9. pinnacle of american judicial system. intereprets laws, resolves conflicts among states and maintains national supremacy in law
    supreme court
  10. unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state-level federal judicial posts are not confirmed as if they are opposed by a senator of the presiden'ts party from the state in which the nominee will serve
    senatorial courtesy
  11. presidential appointee and the third ranking office in the department of Justice
    solicitor general
  12. latin phrase meaning let the decision stand.
    stare decisis
  13. how similiar cases have been decided in the past
  14. a view that the constitution should be interpreted according to the original intent of the framers. many conservatives support this view
    original intent
  15. how and whether court decisions are translated into actual policy, thereby affecting behavior of others
    judicial implentation
  16. decision established Court's power of judicial review
    Marbury v. Madison
  17. the power of court to determine whether acts of Congress, and by implicaton the executive, are in accord with the consititution.
    judicial review
  18. court case that held that the doctrine of executive privilege was implicit in the Constitution but could not be extended to protect documents relevant to criminal prosecutions
    United States vs Nixon
  19. judicial philosophy in which judges play minimal policymaking roles, leaving it to legislatures
    judicial restraint
  20. judicial philosophy in which judges make bold policy decisions, even charting new constitutional ground.
    judicial activism
  21. doctrine developed by the federal courts and used as means to avoid deciding some cases, mainly those conflicts between president and congress
    political questions
  22. judicial interpretation of an act of Congress
    statuatory construction