Bio 100 Quiz

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AshantaeG
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147914
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Bio 100 Quiz
Updated:
2012-04-16 12:50:54
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bio100
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Quiz for April 17, 2012
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  1. Passive Transport
    • Relaxed; doesn't require effort.
    • Moves across.
  2. Diffusion
    • Movements of particles.
    • From high pressure to lowest.
  3. Osmosis
    • Movement of H20 through a semipermeable membrane.
    • (Filtered)
  4. Isotonic Solution

    • Solutions have same amount of particles inside and outside membrane.
    • Homeostasis (Balance)
  5. Hypotonic Solution

    • Less electrolytes on one side of membrane.
    • Hypo (Under)
    • Hemolysis
  6. Hypertonic Solution

    • More electrolytes on on side of membrane.
    • Hyper (Over)
    • Crenation
  7. Solution

    Solvent

    Solute
    • Particle being dissolved on H20
    • Water
    • Electrolyte
  8. Active Transport
    • Requires energy.
    • Cell has to work.
  9. Phagocytosis
    • To eat cells.
    • (ex: Pacman, engulfs and enters the cell)
  10. What is ENERGY?
    The ability to do work.
  11. Conservation of Energy
    • Energy cannot be created or destroyed.
    • Energy is transferred.
  12. Conservation of Matter
    Matter cannot be created or destroyed.
  13. What is the speed of light?
    186,000 miles/second
  14. Kenetic Energy
    • The energy of motion.
    • Force of gravity.
    • (ex: A person jumping off of a ladder.)
  15. Potential Energy
    • The energy an object has due to location or arrangement.
    • (ex: The energy contained by water behind a dam.)
  16. Heat is a type of __________ Energy contained in the random motion of molecules or atoms.
    • Kenetic
    • Faster molecules, more heat.
  17. Entropy
    • Measure of disorder or randomness.
    • (ex: Heat rises, entropy goes up.)
  18. A cell converts the energy of each glucose molecule to __ __ ATP.
    38
  19. ATP is ________________ .
    • Basic unit of fuel.
    • Adenosine Triphosphate.
  20. 2 body cells that need O2 are?
    • Nerve Cells (brain/spinal cord)
    • Skeletal Muscle Cells
  21. Aerobic Respiration
    • Breathing.
    • Cell level O2 to cells.
  22. Aerobic Capacity
    How much O2 is taken into the cell.
  23. Anaerobic Respiration
    • Energy production w/o O2.
    • (ex: Cramping muscles.)
  24. Plants provide:
    • Oxygen
    • Sugar
    • Energy (from the sun)
    • (Decomposed: Fertilizer, Coal, Oil Products)
  25. Photosynthesis
    Converting light energy to chemical energy.
  26. Autotroph
    • Living things that make their own food.
    • (ex: Plants)
  27. Heterotroph
    • Do not make their own food; obtains food from diff sources.
    • (ex: eating)
  28. Producers
    • Plants.
    • Make their own food.
  29. Consumers
    • Animals.
    • Eat food made by producers.
  30. Decomposers
    • Fungus.
    • Break down dead matter.
  31. Photosynthesis
    • "Light Making"
    • The process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
  32. What is produced by photosynthesis?
    • Glucose (sugar)
    • Oxygen (O2)
    • In the Chloroplast
  33. Cellular Respiration
    • (Animals)
    • Mitochondria
  34. Cellular Respiration
    • Breathing O2 in aerobic respiration.
    • 38 ATP
  35. Fermentation
    • Anaerobic (No O2)
    • By-products > Lactic Acid, Ethyl Alcohol (drinking)
  36. Catabolic
    Break down give off energy.
  37. Energy
    Ability to do work.
  38. Oxydation
    Loss of electron from a substance.
  39. Reduction
    • Addition of electrons to a substance.
    • Reduces the charge (-)
  40. Enzymes
    • Proteins used as catalysts.
    • Speed up or accelerate reactions.
  41. ATP

    Adenosine Triphosphate
    Energy
  42. Oxidizing Agent
    Electron acceptor.
  43. Reducing Agent
    Electron Donor
  44. Glycolysis
    • Yields 2 ATP
    • Doesn't require O2
  45. Krebs Cycle
    • Yields 2 ATP
    • Doesn't require O2
  46. Electron Transport
    • Yields 34 ATP
    • Requires O2

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