cardio terms

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codyrayh
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147994
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cardio terms
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2012-04-16 19:19:03
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  1. Acidiphil
    Granular leukocyte containing cytoplasmic granules that are easily stained by eosin or other acid dyes
  2. Agranulocyte
    White blood cells that do not contain granules in the cytoplasm
  3. Albumin
    Simple proteins that can be coagulated by heat and are involved in transportation of steroids and fatty acids and osmotic pressure regulation
  4. Ameboid
    Ability of a cell to change form or shape and has the ability to move
  5. Anemia
    Pathological deficiency in the oxygen carrying component of the blood, measured in unit volume concentrations of hemoglobin, red blood cell volume, or red blood cell number
  6. Arteriole
    Smallest true artery that connect with the capillary network
  7. Artery
    Any of a branching system of muscular, elastic blood vessels that blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body
  8. Atrium
    One of two upper chambers of the heart that receives blood from the veins and forces it into a lower chamber by muscle contraction
  9. Basophil
    Granular leukocyte containing cytoplasmic granules that are easily stained by basic dyes
  10. Blood
    Fluid consisting of plasma, blood cells, and platelets that is circulated through the vertebrate vascular system, carrying oxygen and nutrients to and waste materials away from all body tissues
  11. Blood vessel
    Elastic tubular channel (artery, vein, or capillary, through which blood circulates
  12. Capillary
    Any of a group of vessels in which blood flows from cells, tissues and organs of the body back to the heart
  13. Cardiovascular system
    System that functions to carry nutrients and waste throughout body
  14. Chromoprotein
    Protein combined with a pigment
  15. Coagulation
    Process of changing from a liquid to a gel or solid state by a series of chemical reactions, especially the process that results in the formation of a blood clot
  16. Endocardium
    Thin serous membrane, composed of endothelial tissue, that lines the interior of the heart
  17. Endoplasmic reticulum
    Organelles composed of interconnected network of tubules, vesicles, and cisternae within cells that synthesize lipids and proteins
  18. Eosinophil
    Granular leukocyte containing cytoplasmic granules that are easily stained by eosin or other acid dyes
  19. Epicardium
    Outermost of the heart tissue that is composed of a single sheet of squamous epithelial cells overlying connective tissue
  20. Erythrocyte
    Red blood cell that is a nonnucleated, yellowish, biconcave disk, containing hemoglobin and functions to transport oxygen
  21. Erythropoiesis
    Production of erythrocytes by red bone marrow
  22. Erythropoietin
    Hormone produced by kidney that stimulates RBC formation
  23. Fibrinogen
    Glycoprotein that is essential for the coagulation of blood
  24. Globulin
    Simple proteins that function as transport proteins and as antibodies
  25. Granulocyte
    White blood cells with granules in the cytoplasm
  26. Heart
    Chambered muscular organ in vertebrates that pumps blood received from the veins into the arteries, thereby maintaining the flow of blood through the entire circulatory system
  27. Hematology
    Study of blood, blood?forming tissues and blood disorders
  28. Hemoblobin
    Iron?containing protein found in RBC that carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body and gives these cells their characteristic red color
  29. Hemolysis
    Process of breaking down of RBS, releasing the hemoglobin
  30. Hemophilia
    Genetic disorder causing dysfunction of clotting mechanisms
  31. Hypoxia
    Insufficient levels of oxygen in blood or tissue which may lead to death
  32. Leukemia
    Any of various acute or chronic neoplastic diseases of the bone marrow in which unrestrained proliferation of white blood cells occurs
  33. Leukocyte
    White blood cell ameboid movement, whose chief function is to protect the body against microorganisms causing disease
  34. Lymphocyte
    Leukocyte without granules in cytoplasm that are involved in cell?mediated immunity and antibody production
  35. Metalloprotein
    Protein containing one or more metal ions
  36. Myocardium
    Middle and thickest layer of the heart wall, composed of cardiac muscle.
  37. Neutrophil
    Granular leukocyte having a nucleus containing very fine granules that are stainable with neutral dyes
  38. Neutrophil
    Granular leukocyte having a nucleus containing very fine granules that are stainable with neutral dyes
  39. Pericardium
    Double walled sac enclosing the heart forming the pericardial cavity that contains fluid that bathes the heart
  40. Plasma
    Clear, yellowish fluid portion of blood composed mainly of water, proteins blood in which cells are suspended, clotting factors & some nutrients
  41. Plasma proteins
    Proteins found in blood plasma that serve in transportation, immunity, osmotic pressure regulation and coagulation
  42. Platelet
    Irregular shaped, disc?like cytoplasmic body found in blood plasma that promotes blood clotting and has no definite nucleus, no DNA, and no hemoglobin
  43. Pulmonary circulation
    Flow of blood from the right ventricle to the lungs, where carbon dioxide is exchanged for oxygen, and back to the left atrium
  44. Serum
    Clear yellowish fluid obtained upon separating whole blood into its solid and liquid components after it has been allowed to clot
  45. Spleen
    Large organ situated in the upper left part of the abdominal cavity & functions in breakdown of erythrocytes and recycling of RBC components
  46. Systemic circulation
    Flow of oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to body tissues and returning venous (deoxygenated) blood to the right atrium
  47. Thrombocyte
    Irregular shaped, disc?like cytoplasmic body found in blood plasma that promotes blood clotting and has no definite nucleus, no DNA, and no hemoglobin
  48. Vein
    Tiniest blood vessels consisting of a single layer of endothelial cells which are specialized to allow blood to exchange fluids and gasses in with tissue
  49. Ventricle
    One of two lower chambers of the heart that receives blood from a upper chamber and pumps it by muscular contraction into the arteries

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