Intro to Forensic Science

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Author:
lydianoellerae
ID:
148004
Filename:
Intro to Forensic Science
Updated:
2012-04-16 20:07:15
Tags:
Forensic science criminalistics
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Description:
Made for "Introduction to Forensic Science & Criminalistics" by Gaensslen, Harris and Lee
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  1. Forensic science
    Science applied to legal problems
  2. Forensic
    Having to do with law
  3. Forensics
    Art of argumentative discourse; debate
  4. Corpus delicti
    Facts necessary to prove a particular crime
  5. Trier of fact
    People charged with critically evaluating facts as presented; judge or jury
  6. CODIS, AFIS, and NIBIN
    DNA profile database, fingerprint database, and ballistics database, respectively
  7. Medicolegal
    Reference to forensc or legal medicine; in the past, it encompassed "criminalistics"
  8. Accreditation
    Recognition of a lab's work as highly professional; meets standards
  9. TWG and SWG
    Working groups made up of highly experienced individuals with technical or scientific expertise
  10. Certification
    Individual meets high level of skill in their area of expertise
  11. Scientific method
    Manner to approach problems
  12. Hypothesis
    Unproven attempt to explain an observation
  13. Controlled experiments
    Designed to test one variable
  14. Theory
    Plausible explanation; gained general acceptance
  15. Natural law
    Generally accepted explanation; proven true
  16. Pathology
    Deals with disease and bodily changes according to disease
  17. Coroner
    Elected official; looks into suspicious/unattended deaths
  18. Medical examiner
    Determines cause and manner of suspicious/unattended deaths
  19. Postmortem
    Occuring after death
  20. Entomology
    Branch of zoology dealing with insects
  21. Odontology
    Study of pathology and anatomy of teeth
  22. Physical anthropology
    Study of evolution, as revealed by skeleton or patterns in DNA
  23. Antemortem
    Occuring before death
  24. Toxicology
    Study of chemistry, effects and treatment of poisonous substances; drug action and detection
  25. Psychiatry
    Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness
  26. Psychology
    Study of the mind and behavior of humans
  27. Modus operandi (MO)
    Habits of a criminal
  28. Criminalistics
    Recognition, classification (identification), individualization, and reconstruction
  29. Recognition
    To know because of experience
  30. Classification (identification)
    Group according to characteristics
  31. Individualization
    Prove piece was once part of a whole; prove object is unique against members in the same class
  32. Reconstruction
    Putting evidence together to understand the nature and sequence of events that created it

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