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What was distinctive about the north during the colonial period?
-Family farms (50 acres)
-protestant work ethic
-idea of ruggedness
What was distinctive about the south during colonial period?
-40% whites did not own slaves
-5% wealthy with 20 or more slaves
-yeoman worked the land (enough for sustenance)
How many years did America stay a British colony?
What replaced the "common good idea", spurned on by the phrase "every man for himself"?
Individual becomes the central concept
What is meant by Lebensraum from the Germans?
"Living space", territorial expansion in order to expand trade
What is the largest movement since Puritanism and what is its main theme?
-The Great Awakening
-Individualism undermines the rule of the church
What anti-catholic priest from England traveled from New England to the south splitting the idea of religion into the 2 factions of the, "traditionalists and revivalist"?
George Whitefield (1714-1770)
What were the churches criticized for?
levying taxes to support their organization
What was George Whitefield's idealogy?
-defend religious freedom
-question government authority
-creation of new political independent minds
What was the result of the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763) during the 18th century?
The "Seven Years War" erupts globally
Who controlled the east and the west during the French and Indian War?
What was the middle ground during the French and Indian Wars?
Name the British statesman who dumps money and men on 2 consecutive fronts to defeat the French?
William Pitt (1708-1778)
What were some of the results of the Seven Years War?
-French surrender in Quebec
-Caribbean & India given to the British
-1763 "Peace of Paris" is signed, war officially over
-entire continent east of Mississippi belongs to the British
What were some of the consequences of the French and Indian War?
-relationships with the natives deteriorates
-no british settlements west of the Appalachians
-Quaker rule is dismantled in Pennsylvania
-colonies viewed as 1 large entity
What leads to the "Proclamation Line"?
Colonies viewed as 1 large unit, is known as?
Who was the first to notice the British empire had become too big geographically?
Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
What was Britain's first attempt at taxation?
Stamp Act (1765)
What were some of the results, of the Stamp Act?
-tax on all printed material
-no taxation without representation
-boycott of all british goods
Who forms the "Sons of Liberty"?
What Act followed after the Stamp Act was repealed by the colonists in 1766?
Declaratory Act imposed by Great Britain
What did the Declaratory Act allow Britain to do?
Justify Parliament's authority for taxation over that of the colonies.
What was significant about the "Daughter's of Liberty"?
Women made goods at home so that the colonies would be less reliant on British products
What was a result of the "Tea Act"?
Boston Tea Party (Dec. 16, 1776)-colonists dressed as Indians dump 300 lbs. of tea into Boston harbor
What company did the British try to rescue by imposing the Tea Act on the colonists?
British East India Company-surplus of tea shipments used to extort money from the colonies
Through the American Revolution