Card Set Information
VA 160 Emergency Radiology Final
VA 160 Emergency and Radiology Final
What is the abbreviation for surgery?
What is the abbreviation for treatment?
Name the test used for lacrimal gland production?
Schirmer Tear Test
What test is used to look for corneal abrasions?
fluroscein stain of the eye
How is X-ray film stored?
vertically in the box inside a light tight box/container
Who owns the radiograohic films taken of an animal?
The hospital, as part of the patient's medical record
What is a safelight?
red light for viewing un-exposed film
What is the purpose of the grid?
allows the primary beam to pass thru while reducing scatter radiation
X-rays cannot penetrate what?
What is the best way to reduce radiation exposure to veterinary personnel?
accurate measurements/fewer exposures
Where is a dosimeter worn?
on the collar at thyroid gland level, outside of the apron
What material absorbs the most x-ray energy?
Where is the tungsten filiament housed?
in the focusing cup within the tube
What happens to contrast and detail if the FFD is increased?
contrast and detail are reduced
How does the mAs setting affect film quality?
increased mAs increases density
(mAs control the quantity and density of electrons)
What must be imprinted on the radiograph for it to be admissible in court?
hospital name and address
The isolation ward is where animals with contagious diseases are housed. Name 2 canine and 1 feline disease that would require the patient to be housed in isolation?
In regard to hypodermic needles and IV catheters, the larger the gauge, the smaller the diameter of the needle
Which is larger, an 18g needle or a 22g needle?
Feeding tubes and urethral (red rubber) catheters come in "french" sizes, and the larger the number, the larger the tube (opposite of gauge/needle sizing)
What is the clinical term for a tube placed into the mouth, down the esophagus and into the stomach?
What is the clinical term for a catheter placed into the pleural cavity?
Which of the following is the SMALLEST hypodermic needle?
An intra-articular injection is given where?
into the joint
What is the very first thing we do before cleaning or flushing the ears? (before even taking a sample for a smear/cytology)
Visualize the ear canal/drum w/ an otoscope
Which injection route has the most rapid absorption rate?
An injection used for skin testing is given by what route?
VAs do not give injections by which route?
Feces contacting a gloved hand will NOT cause any negative effects if proper procedures are followed...T/F?
(none of the above)
What is the most likely way to administer a pill to a cat?
hold mouth open, place pill in back of throat, close mouth and massage throat to encourage swallowing
in regard to venapuncture and injections, there is a 'pop' when the needle enters the vein, and a 'flash' of blood can be seen in the needle hub
How long is a mercury thermometer left in the rectum when taking a temp?
Where should the vet and va stand when retraining a horse?
on the horse's left
Which species has air sacs in is respiratory system?
Which of the following must always be done during a ROUTINE physical?
What is the FIRST step when capturing a bird in a cage?
close all doors and windows
An animal with tacky MMs, cold extremities and a low temp, whose skin turgor shows obvious 'tenting' is how dehydrated?
What is the normal temp for a feline?
What is the normal temp for a dog?
What equip is necessary for a ROUTINE exam?
thermometer and lube
When observing an animal's alertness, what body system is being considered?
One way to deal with an aggressive animal and help avoid suprising them is to have a VA already in the exam room rather than having the animal in the room first
Mistakes in radiography are most often caused by what?
incorrect measurments and settings
How many radiographs do we take when asked to do abdominal x-rays?
2-one vd and one lateral view
If the vet suspects cancer, what should the VA do in regard to xrays?
3 chest xrays will be done, a vd view and a lateral of each side
(cancer often metastesizes to the chest)
Positioning for a VD radiograph means placing the animal how?
in ventral or sternal recumbancy
When taking a radiograph of a bone, what must be included in the shot?
BOTH the proximal and distal joint
To correct a radiograph that is too gray, what settings should be changed?
increase the mAs (makes radiograph blacker)
and decrease the kvp (less grays and more black and whites)
If taking a thoracic x-ray that comes out blurry due to the patient's rapid resp rate, what settings can be changed to decrease the blur?
decrease exp time
Of the options given, which size IV cath would be placed in a labrador?
(18g is the largest used in small animal medicine, whereas a 14-16g cath would be used for a larger animal like a horse)
To control hemorrhage of an open wound, we initially recommend using what?
direct pressure with a hand or finger(s)
When doing CPR, how many compressions are recommended in a MEDIUM size dog?
Which material would be dangerous to use as a muzzle?
wire or chain
What information should an owner bring to the hospital with them in cases of poisoning?
container or label for the toxin
A client calls b/c pet was hit by a car. Aside from telling them to transport the animal to the hospital right away, what else should the client be advised of?
to check/monitor breathing, bleeding and MMs, put pressure on bleeding
In regard to rating emergencies from priority I to priority IV, which would be a priority I?
ferret or other animal in cardiac arrest (when compared to hematoma, small lacerations, constipation, etc)
In an animal that is in shock, which of the options given would we NOT see?
The main concern when placing a tertiary bandage such as vetwrap, the main concern is what?
swelling b/c of constriction
which phase of wound healing occurs at 4-6 days?
Why is it important to keep the layers of a bandage smooth?
less irriation to skin from rubbing
keeps ALL layers smooth
asthetics for clients
How soon after injury does wound healing begin?
Hyperthermia causes increased heart rate and bright red MMs, while clinical signs of hyperthermia include a decreased hr
Clinical signs of hypothermia include bright red MMs
Taking weight at each visit is unnecessary
paraengteral nutrition is given orally while enteral nutrition is given by IV directly to the bloodstream.
qwik-stop should always be available to a VA
VAs may be asked to clean and maintain a gastrotomy tube
When exiting the isolation ward, all external layers must be left behind for proper cleaning
Pregnant women and children under 12 are not allowed in the xray area, but volunteers and externs age 14-18 are able.
F-no one under 18
It is permissible to turn off the darkroom vent fan in the winter
Technique charts are for specific machines
The goal when shooting a radiograph is to use higher mAs and lower exposure time to decrease the amount of radiation