VA 160

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  1. What is the abbreviation for surgery?
  2. What is the abbreviation for treatment?
  3. Name the test used for lacrimal gland production?
    Schirmer Tear Test
  4. What test is used to look for corneal abrasions?
    fluroscein stain of the eye
  5. How is X-ray film stored?
    vertically in the box inside a light tight box/container
  6. Who owns the radiograohic films taken of an animal?
    The hospital, as part of the patient's medical record
  7. What is a safelight?
    red light for viewing un-exposed film
  8. What is the purpose of the grid?
    allows the primary beam to pass thru while reducing scatter radiation
  9. X-rays cannot penetrate what?
  10. What is the best way to reduce radiation exposure to veterinary personnel?
    accurate measurements/fewer exposures
  11. Where is a dosimeter worn?
    on the collar at thyroid gland level, outside of the apron
  12. What material absorbs the most x-ray energy?
  13. Where is the tungsten filiament housed?
    in the focusing cup within the tube
  14. What happens to contrast and detail if the FFD is increased?
    contrast and detail are reduced
  15. How does the mAs setting affect film quality?
    • increased mAs increases density
    • (mAs control the quantity and density of electrons)
  16. What must be imprinted on the radiograph for it to be admissible in court?
    • Pt name/id#
    • client name
    • hospital name and address
    • date
  17. The isolation ward is where animals with contagious diseases are housed. Name 2 canine and 1 feline disease that would require the patient to be housed in isolation?
    • parvo
    • kennel cough
    • FeLV
  18. T/F:
    In regard to hypodermic needles and IV catheters, the larger the gauge, the smaller the diameter of the needle
  19. Which is larger, an 18g needle or a 22g needle?
  20. T/F:
    Feeding tubes and urethral (red rubber) catheters come in "french" sizes, and the larger the number, the larger the tube (opposite of gauge/needle sizing)
  21. What is the clinical term for a tube placed into the mouth, down the esophagus and into the stomach?
    orogastric intubation
  22. What is the clinical term for a catheter placed into the pleural cavity?
    chest tube
  23. Which of the following is the SMALLEST hypodermic needle?

  24. An intra-articular injection is given where?
    into the joint
  25. What is the very first thing we do before cleaning or flushing the ears? (before even taking a sample for a smear/cytology)
    Visualize the ear canal/drum w/ an otoscope
  26. Which injection route has the most rapid absorption rate?
  27. An injection used for skin testing is given by what route?
  28. VAs do not give injections by which route?
  29. Feces contacting a gloved hand will NOT cause any negative effects if proper procedures are followed...T/F?
    • T
    • (none of the above)
  30. What is the most likely way to administer a pill to a cat?
    hold mouth open, place pill in back of throat, close mouth and massage throat to encourage swallowing
  31. T/F:
    in regard to venapuncture and injections, there is a 'pop' when the needle enters the vein, and a 'flash' of blood can be seen in the needle hub
  32. How long is a mercury thermometer left in the rectum when taking a temp?
    2 minutes
  33. Where should the vet and va stand when retraining a horse?
    on the horse's left
  34. Which species has air sacs in is respiratory system?
  35. Which of the following must always be done during a ROUTINE physical?
  36. What is the FIRST step when capturing a bird in a cage?
    close all doors and windows
  37. An animal with tacky MMs, cold extremities and a low temp, whose skin turgor shows obvious 'tenting' is how dehydrated?
  38. What is the normal temp for a feline?
  39. What is the normal temp for a dog?
  40. What equip is necessary for a ROUTINE exam?
    • stethoscope
    • exam gloves
    • thermometer and lube
  41. When observing an animal's alertness, what body system is being considered?
  42. T/F:
    One way to deal with an aggressive animal and help avoid suprising them is to have a VA already in the exam room rather than having the animal in the room first
  43. Mistakes in radiography are most often caused by what?
    • technician error
    • incorrect measurments and settings
  44. How many radiographs do we take when asked to do abdominal x-rays?
    2-one vd and one lateral view
  45. If the vet suspects cancer, what should the VA do in regard to xrays?
    • 3 chest xrays will be done, a vd view and a lateral of each side
    • (cancer often metastesizes to the chest)
  46. Positioning for a VD radiograph means placing the animal how?
    in ventral or sternal recumbancy
  47. When taking a radiograph of a bone, what must be included in the shot?
    BOTH the proximal and distal joint
  48. To correct a radiograph that is too gray, what settings should be changed?
    • increase the mAs (makes radiograph blacker)
    • and decrease the kvp (less grays and more black and whites)
  49. If taking a thoracic x-ray that comes out blurry due to the patient's rapid resp rate, what settings can be changed to decrease the blur?
    decrease exp time
  50. Of the options given, which size IV cath would be placed in a labrador?
    • 18g
    • (18g is the largest used in small animal medicine, whereas a 14-16g cath would be used for a larger animal like a horse)
  51. To control hemorrhage of an open wound, we initially recommend using what?
    direct pressure with a hand or finger(s)
  52. When doing CPR, how many compressions are recommended in a MEDIUM size dog?
  53. Which material would be dangerous to use as a muzzle?
    wire or chain
  54. What information should an owner bring to the hospital with them in cases of poisoning?
    container or label for the toxin
  55. A client calls b/c pet was hit by a car. Aside from telling them to transport the animal to the hospital right away, what else should the client be advised of?
    to check/monitor breathing, bleeding and MMs, put pressure on bleeding
  56. In regard to rating emergencies from priority I to priority IV, which would be a priority I?
    ferret or other animal in cardiac arrest (when compared to hematoma, small lacerations, constipation, etc)
  57. In an animal that is in shock, which of the options given would we NOT see?
    warm extremities
  58. The main concern when placing a tertiary bandage such as vetwrap, the main concern is what?
    swelling b/c of constriction
  59. which phase of wound healing occurs at 4-6 days?
  60. Why is it important to keep the layers of a bandage smooth?
    • less irriation to skin from rubbing
    • keeps ALL layers smooth
    • asthetics for clients
  61. How soon after injury does wound healing begin?
  62. T/F:
    Hyperthermia causes increased heart rate and bright red MMs, while clinical signs of hyperthermia include a decreased hr
  63. T/F:
    Clinical signs of hypothermia include bright red MMs
  64. T/F:
    Taking weight at each visit is unnecessary
  65. T/F:
    paraengteral nutrition is given orally while enteral nutrition is given by IV directly to the bloodstream.
  66. T/F:
    qwik-stop should always be available to a VA
  67. T/F:
    VAs may be asked to clean and maintain a gastrotomy tube
  68. T/F:
    When exiting the isolation ward, all external layers must be left behind for proper cleaning
  69. T/F:
    Pregnant women and children under 12 are not allowed in the xray area, but volunteers and externs age 14-18 are able.
    F-no one under 18
  70. T/F:
    It is permissible to turn off the darkroom vent fan in the winter
  71. T/F:
    Technique charts are for specific machines
  72. T/F:
    The goal when shooting a radiograph is to use higher mAs and lower exposure time to decrease the amount of radiation
Card Set
VA 160
VA 160 Emergency and Radiology Final
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