Medterm Sec 3

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Medterm Sec 3
2012-04-17 16:39:05
Medical Terminology Whatcom Community College

Medical Terminology
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  1. ana-
    up, toward, apart
  2. dys-
    bad, abnormal, painful, difficult
  3. epi-
    upon, over, above, on top
  4. hyper-
    excessive, abnormally high, above
  5. meta-
    after, change
  6. neo-
  7. aden/o
  8. carcin/o
  9. chrom/o
  10. cyt/o
  11. fibr/o
  12. gen/o
    formation, cause, produce
  13. hist/o
  14. lei/o
  15. lip/o
    lipid, fat
  16. lymph/o
    clear water or fluid
  17. mal/o
  18. melan/o
    darkness of color, black
  19. my/o
  20. neur/o
    sinew or cord, nerve, fascia
  21. nucl/
    kernel, nucleus
  22. onc/o
  23. organ/o
  24. oste/o
  25. rhabd/o
  26. sarc/o
    flesh, meat
  27. thel/i
  28. -al
    pertaining to
  29. -elle
  30. -gen
    producing, formation, causing
  31. -genesis
    origin, cause
  32. -genic
    pertaining to producing, formation, causing
  33. -ic
    pertaining to
  34. -logy
    study of
  35. -logist
    one who studies
  36. -oid
  37. -oma
    abnormal swelling, tumor
  38. -osis
    condition of
  39. -plasia
    shape, formation
  40. -plasm
    something shaped
  41. -sis
    state of
  42. -some
  43. -stasis
    standing still
  44. -um
    pertaining to
  45. Cytology
    study of cells
  46. Cytologist
    one who studies cells
  47. Cell membrane
    • An outer boundary of the cell composed of mostly protein and lipids
    • The cell membrane regulates the movement of materials in and out of the cell
  48. Cytoplasm
    main body of the cell, which is a thick fluid that contains functional packets known as organelles
  49. Nucleus
    structure surrounded by cytoplasm that contains the genetic material, DNA
  50. Cancer
    • one of the most life- threatening diseases of adults in our time
    • in u.s. cause of nearly 40% annual deaths
    • abnormal growth of cells
  51. Anaplasia
    permanent loss of structural organization in a tissue
  52. Dysplasia
    abnormal tissue development
  53. Hyperplasia
    an increase in the number of cells in a tissue, other than by tumor development
  54. Metastasis
    Spreading of cancer cells from the primary tumor
  55. Remission
    improvement or absence of signs of disease
  56. Adenocarcinoma
    malignant tumor of glandular, epithelia tissue
  57. Adenoma
    benign tumor of glandular epithelial tissue
  58. Benign
    noninvasive, slow growing tumor; nonmalignant
  59. Cancer in situ
    cancer in early stages prior to metastasis
  60. Cancer
    disease characterized by aggressive, unrelenting growth of abnormal cells and their spread into soft tissues
  61. Carcinoma
    cancer or malignant tumor
  62. Carcinogen
    substance that causes cancer
  63. Epithlioma
    tumor that originated from epithelium usually from the skin
  64. Fibroma
    benign tumor or fibrous connective tissue
  65. Fibrosarcoma
    carcinoma that originated from fibrous connective tissue
  66. Leiomyoma
    benign tumor of smooth muscle
  67. Leiomyosarcoma
    carcinoma that originated from smooth muscle
  68. Lipoma
    benign tumor of fat tissue
  69. Lymphoma
    malignant solid tumor of lymphoid tissue
  70. Malignant
    aggressive, life threatening invasive tumor
  71. Melanoma
    cancer that bears a dark pigment, usually of the skin
  72. Myoma
    benign tumor of muscle tissue
  73. Neoplasm
    new growth of abnormal cells, a tumor
  74. Neuroma
    tumor that originated from nerve tissue
  75. Oncogenic
    process of causing tumors
  76. Osteosarcoma
    malignant cancer of bone
  77. Rhabdomyoma
    benign tumor that originated from skeletal muscle
  78. Rhabdomyosarcoma
    carcinoma that originated from skeletal muscle
  79. Chemotherapy
    treatment using drugs, abbreviated chemo
  80. Cytology
    field of study concerned with the structure and function of cells
  81. Histologist
    scientist or technician who studies or identifies tissues
  82. Histology
    Study of tissues
  83. Oncology
    study of tumors
  84. Palliative therapy
    treatment to reduce the intensity of painful symptoms without producing a cure
  85. Radiotherapy
    Treatment of cnacer using radioactive materials
  86. Tissue
    combination of similar cells that share a common goal
  87. Epithelial tissue
    • consists of cells that are arranged close together
    • may be flat, cube, or columnar
    • may be single or multiple layers
    • cover body surfaces and line body cavities, forming a protective sheet over other tissues
    • may specialize in releasing a substance they produce
  88. Connective tissue
    • consists of widely scattered cells that are surrounded by extracellular material
    • form a connection between organs
    • functions in support and protection
    • in bones, joints, and other organs
  89. Muscle tissue
    • specialized to contract
    • when muscle is smaller by contraction - produce movement
    • skeletal, smooth, skeletal
  90. Skeletal muscle tissue
    when cells form muscles that are connected to bones, moving the bone
  91. Smooth muscle tissue
    form muscles within walls of visceral organs like the stomach
  92. Cardiac muscle tissue
    muscle cells that form the wall of the heart and push blood through
  93. Nervous tissue
    • consists of specialized to carry info in form of electrochemical impulses
    • neurons and neuroglia