Ch. 19-21

Card Set Information

Ch. 19-21
2012-04-18 04:37:42
Urinary drugs

Diuretics, Anti-Infectives, and GI system drugs
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  1. Dehydration
    Loss of too much water from the body
  2. Diuretic
    A drug that increases the secretion of urine (water, electrolytes, and waste produces) by the kidneys
  3. Edema
    Retention of excess fluid
  4. Filtrate
    Fluid removed from the blood through kidney function
  5. Glaucoma
    An increase in intraocular pressure
  6. Hyperkalemia
    High blood level of potassium
  7. Hypokalemia
    Low blood level of potassium
  8. Nephron
    Long tubular structure that is the functional part of the kidney
  9. Orthostatic Hypotension
    Dizziness and light-headedness after standing in one place for a long time
  10. Postural Hypotension
    Dizziness and light-headedness when rising suddenly from a sitting or lying position
  11. Anti-Infective
    A drug used to treat infection
  12. Bactericidal
    A drug that kills bacteria
  13. Bacteriostatic
    A drug or agent that slows or retards bacteria
  14. Dysuria
    Painful or difficult urination
  15. Neurogenic Bladder
    Altered bladder function caused by a nervous system abnormality
  16. Overactive Bladder
    Involuntary contractions of the detrusor or bladder muscle
  17. Urge Incontinence
    Accidental loss of urine caused by a sudden and unstoppable need to urinate
  18. Urinary Tract Infection
    An infection caused by pathogenic microorganisms of one or more structures of the urinary tract
  19. Urinary Frequency
    Frequent urinary day and night
  20. Urinary Urgency
    Sudden strong need to urinate
  21. Antacids
    Drugs that neutralize or reduce the acidity of stomach and duodenal contents
  22. Atiflatulents
    Drugs that remove flatus or gas in the intestinal tract
  23. Emetic
    A drug that induces vomiting
  24. Gallstone-Solubilizing
  25. Gastric Stasis
    Failure to move food normally out of the stomach
  26. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
    A reflux or back up of gastric contents into the esophagus
  27. Helicobacter Pylori
    Bacteria that causes a type of chronic gastritis and peptic and duodenal ulcers
  28. Hydrochloric Acid
    A substance the stomach secretes that aid in the digestive process
  29. Hypersecretory
    Excessive gastric secretion of hydrochloric acid
  30. Paralytic Ileus
    Lack of peristalsis or movement of the intestines
  31. Photophobia
    Aversion to bright lights
  32. Proton Pump Inhibitors
    Drugs with antisecretory properties