Geography of Africa

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ichiban2008
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148334
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Geography of Africa
Updated:
2012-04-27 00:04:24
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africa geography
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  1. The Crops listed below are grown in West Africa mainly for exports (or cash crops), except:

    A. Groundnuts
    B. Cocoa
    C. Oil Palm
    D. Coffee
    E. yam
    • A. Groundnuts
    • B. Cocoa
    • C. Oil Palm
    • D. Coffee
    • E. yam
  2. What is the major obstacle to cattle grazing in the savanna zones of Africa?

    A. the dense woodland vegetation
    B. tsetse fly infestation
    C. the large population of crop farmers
    D. the hostility of the people
    • A. the dense woodland vegetation
    • B. tsetse fly infestation
    • C. the large population of crop farmers
    • D. the hostility of the people
  3. Which of the following statements does NOT adequately express the objective of dam projects in Africa?

    A. development of irrigation
    B. improvement of navigation
    C. improvement of local climate
    D. generation of hydro-electricity
    • A. development of irrigation
    • B. improvement of navigation
    • C. improvement of local climate
    • D. generation of hydro-electricity
  4. Farm sizes in Africa are usually small because

    A. of the use of primitive farm implements
    B. of difficulty of clearing the forest
    C. of the Shortage of farmland and land fragmentation
    D. production is done mainly for subsistence
    E. All of the above
    • A. of the use of primitive farm implements
    • B. of difficulty of clearing the forest
    • C. of the Shortage of farmland and land fragmentation
    • D. production is done mainly for subsistence
    • E. All of the above
  5. Some of the effects of refugee movement in Africa include the following:

    A. malnutrition and exposure to health problems
    B. break down of social and family traditional units
    C. break-down of law and order in destination countries
    D. possible conflicts between refugee source and destination countries, e.g. Congo (DR) and Rwanda
    E. all of the above answers
    • A. malnutrition and exposure to health problems
    • B. break down of social and family traditional units
    • C. break-down of law and order in destination countries
    • D. possible conflicts between refugee source and destination countries, e.g. Congo (DR) and Rwanda
    • E. all of the above answers
  6. Traditional African agricultural system is described as extensive shifting cultivation because

    A. it involves high mobility and long fallow
    B. it involves short fallows and intensive use of fertilizers C. it involves sedentary farming
    D. it involves crop production in extensive plantations
    • A. it involves high mobility and long fallow
    • B. it involves short fallows and intensive use of fertilizers
    • C. it involves sedentary farming
    • D. it involves crop production in extensive plantations
  7. The dominant land tenure system practiced among traditional African farming communities involves

    A. individual landownership
    B. communal land ownership
    C. land ownership by renting
    D. farm lands held in trust by government on behalf of the farming community
    E. all lands belonging to the government
    • A. individual landownership
    • B. communal land ownership
    • C. land ownership by renting
    • D. farm lands held in trust by government on behalf of the farming community
    • E. all lands belonging to the government
  8. The main features of communal land ownership include the following, except:

    A. community members are free to use the land but ultimate control is vested on a chief or local leader
    B. control over land ceases once cultivation is completed C. strangers pay to use communal lands
    D. idle communal lands are used by all for grazing, hunting and collection of fuel wood
    E. members of the community are free to sell communal land
    • A. community members are free to use the land but ultimate control is vested on a chief or local leader
    • B. control over land ceases once cultivation is completed
    • C. strangers pay to use communal lands
    • D. idle communal lands are used by all for grazing, hunting and collection of fuel wood
    • E. members of the community are free to sell communal land
  9. Land preparation for traditional crop production is described as slash and burn which is best suited to tropical conditions because

    A. bush burning is quick and efficient method of making available to the soil, nutrients stored in plants
    B. the addition of P, K, Ca, Mg to the soil in the form of ash substantially raises the pH of tropical soils which are highly leached and acidic in reaction
    C. frequent burning on the same plot may lead to a progressive desiccation and baking of the soil
    D. A and B
    • A. bush burning is quick and efficient method of making available to the soil, nutrients stored in plants
    • B. the addition of P, K, Ca, Mg to the soil in the form of ash substantially raises the pH of tropical soils which are highly leached and acidic in reaction
    • C. frequent burning on the same plot may lead to a progressive desiccation and baking of the soil
    • D. A and B
  10. Fallow period is important because

    A. it builds up soil humus
    B. nitrogen and phosphorous insufficient in most tropical soils are increasedunder fallow
    C. it regenerates soil fertility naturally
    D. it checks some plant diseases because when farms are left fallow, disease organisms lose their hosts and die
    E. all of the above
    • A. it builds up soil humus
    • B. nitrogen and phosphorous insufficient in most tropical soils are increasedunder fallow
    • C. it regenerates soil fertility naturally
    • D. it checks some plant diseases because when farms are left fallow, disease organisms lose their hosts and die
    • E. all of the above
  11. In Africa, sustainable agriculture means

    A. increasing use of organic farming and indigenous knowledge in farming
    B. food security and self-sufficiency
    C. preservation of traditional values and the small family farms
    D. conservation of the environment, wildlife and biological diversity
    E. all of the above.
    • A. increasing use of organic farming and indigenous knowledge in farming
    • B. food security and self-sufficiency
    • C. preservation of traditional values and the small family farms
    • D. conservation of the environment, wildlife and biological diversity
    • E. all of the above.
  12. The policy of assimilation was identified with

    A. the French and the Portuguese
    B. the Belgians and Germans
    C. the Dutch and the Boers
    D. the Spanish and British
    E. the French +
    • A. the French and the Portuguese
    • B. the Belgians and Germans
    • C. the Dutch and the Boers
    • D. the Spanish and British
    • E. the French +
  13. Which of the following countries was not under Belgian colonial rule at time of independence?

    A. Cote d'Ivoire
    B. Democratic Republic of Congo
    C. Rwanda
    D. Burundi E. B, C and D
    • A. Cote d'Ivoire
    • B. Democratic Republic of Congo
    • C. Rwanda
    • D. Burundi
    • E. B, C and D
  14. Which of the following statements is not correct about British colonial policies in Africa:

    A. territories, like: Kenya, Southern Rhodesia, South Africa, and Lagos, conquered and settled by white immigrants groups became British colonies
    B. territories whose indigenous leaders entered into trade treaties were granted crown protection and became British Protectorates (for example, Northern Rhodesia, Northern Nigeria, Southern Nigeria, Sudan and Ghana, etc)
    C. the indirect rule was adopted for British Protectorates and direct local European control was adopted in British Colonies
    D. the indirect rule which involved some elements of divide and rule, relied on existing traditional power structure (i.e. tribal authority), local customs and education to facilitate effective British control
    F. introduced the policy of assimilation aimed at acculturating Africans into its culture
    • A. territories, like: Kenya, Southern Rhodesia, South Africa, and Lagos, conquered and settled by white immigrants groups became British colonies
    • B. territories whose indigenous leaders entered into trade treaties were granted crown protection and became British Protectorates (for example, Northern Rhodesia, Northern Nigeria, Southern Nigeria, Sudan and Ghana, etc)
    • C. the indirect rule was adopted for British Protectorates and direct local European control was adopted in British Colonies
    • D. the indirect rule which involved some elements of divide and rule, relied on existing traditional power structure (i.e. tribal authority), local customs and education to facilitate effective British control
    • F. introduced the policy of assimilation aimed at acculturating Africans into its culture
  15. Which of the following is a possible effect of slave trade on Africa:

    A. depopulation of West Africa
    B. intensification of tribal wars among neighboring kingdoms
    C. disruption of local economy (agriculture, manufacturing, and trade)
    D. a major cause of underdevelopment of Africa
    E. all of the above answers
    • A. depopulation of West Africa
    • B. intensification of tribal wars among neighboring kingdoms
    • C. disruption of local economy (agriculture, manufacturing, and trade)
    • D. a major cause of underdevelopment of Africa
    • E. all of the above answers
  16. The first mass movement of white Dutch settlers out of the Cape Town region into the interior of South Africa known as the first Great Trek of 1836 was caused by:

    A. the discovery of diamond in the Kimberly region
    B. British attitude and the termination of slavery
    C. the discovery of gold in the Johannesburg area
    D. the frequent conflicts between the Zulus and the Boers E. A and D
    • A. the discovery of diamond in the Kimberly region
    • B. British attitude and the termination of slavery
    • C. the discovery of gold in the Johannesburg area
    • D. the frequent conflicts between the Zulus and the Boers
    • E. A and D
  17. The battle of the Blood River in Natal was

    A. fought between the Zulus and the Boers
    B. fought between the Boers and the British
    C. fought between the Zulus and the British
    D. fought between the Zulus and the Hottentots
    E. none of the above
    • A. fought between the Zulus and the Boers
    • B. fought between the Boers and the British
    • C. fought between the Zulus and the British
    • D. fought between the Zulus and the Hottentots
    • E. none of the above
  18. The Anglo-Boer war of 1899 was

    A. politically motivated and aimed at expanding the Cape Colony
    B. economically motivated and aimed at controlling the diamond region
    C. economically motivated and aimed at controlling the gold region
    D. politically motivated and aimed at establishing a firm authority over the Zulus
    E. Band D
    • A. politically motivated and aimed at expanding the Cape Colony
    • B. economically motivated and aimed at controlling the diamond region
    • C. economically motivated and aimed at controlling the gold region
    • D. politically motivated and aimed at establishing a firm authority over the Zulus
    • E. Band D
  19. What is meant by the term triangular trade during the Trans-Atlantic slaving period?

    A. it means that slaves captured in Africa are traded in the Americas and the profits used to buy goods for the European markets and back to Africa to collect more slaves
    B. it means that there are three types of slave trades in Africa, namely: trans- Sahara slave trade, trans-Atlantic slave trade and Arabian slave trade in East Africa
    C. it means any trade designed to service three places with the three points forming a triangle when connected
    D. it is type of trade practiced by indigenous African people
    E. All of the above
    • A. it means that slaves captured in Africa are traded in the Americas and the profits used to buy goods for the European markets and back to Africa to collect more slaves
    • B. it means that there are three types of slave trades in Africa, namely: trans- Sahara slave trade, trans-Atlantic slave trade and Arabian slave trade in East Africa
    • C. it means any trade designed to service three places with the three points forming a triangle when connected
    • D. it is type of trade practiced by indigenous African people
    • E. All of the above
  20. Which of the following countries are the major sources of refugees in Africa today?

    A. Ivory Coast
    B. Sudan
    C. Congo (DR)
    D. Nigeria
    E. B and C
    • A. Ivory Coast
    • B. Sudan
    • C. Congo (DR)
    • D. Nigeria
    • E. B and C
  21. Which of the following republics were founded by the Boers?

    A. Natal Colony
    B. Cape Colony
    C. Orange Free State Republic
    D. Republic of South Africa (Transvaal)
    E. C and D
    • A. Natal Colony
    • B. Cape Colony
    • C. Orange Free State Republic
    • D. Republic of South Africa (Transvaal)
    • E. C and D
  22. King Leopold II of Belgium sponsored _______ to explore the Congo

    A. James Bruce
    B. Mungo Park
    C. David Livingstone
    D. Henry Stanley
    E. Cecil Rhodes
    • A. James Bruce
    • B. Mungo Park
    • C. David Livingstone
    • D. Henry Stanley
    • E. Cecil Rhodes
  23. In 1857, France recognized British sovereignty over the Gambia River valley and

    A. Senegal River valley
    B. Niger River valley
    C. Congo River valley
    D. Nile River valley
    • A. Senegal River valley
    • B. Niger River valley
    • C. Congo River valley
    • D. Nile River valley
  24. Which of the following colonial possessions of Germany were lost to the League of Nations?

    A. Southwest Africa (Namibia)
    B. German East Africa (Rwanda, Burundi, Tanganyika)
    C. Togo
    D. Cameroon
    E. all of the above
    • A. Southwest Africa (Namibia)
    • B. German East Africa (Rwanda, Burundi, Tanganyika)
    • C. Togo
    • D. Cameroon
    • E. all of the above
  25. The largest language families in Africa is:

    A. Niger-Kordofanian family
    B. Nilo-Saharan family
    C. Khoisan family
    D Afro-Asiatic family
    • A. Niger-Kordofanian family
    • B. Nilo-Saharan family
    • C. Khoisan family
    • D Afro-Asiatic family
  26. African aborigines include the following, except:

    A. Khoisan
    B. Negroids of West Africa
    C. Bantu Negroids
    D. Mbuti pygmies of the Ituri forest of the Congo basin
    E. Boers
    • A. Khoisan
    • B. Negroids of West Africa
    • C. Bantu Negroids
    • D. Mbuti pygmies of the Ituri forest of the Congo basin
    • E. Boers
  27. Some of the important forest kingdoms between the 16th and 18th centuries

    A. Benin Kingdom
    B. Ashanti Kingdom
    C. Ife Kingdom
    D. Dahomey Kingdom
    E. Mali Kingdom
    • A. Benin Kingdom
    • B. Ashanti Kingdom
    • C. Ife Kingdom
    • D. Dahomey Kingdom
    • E. Mali Kingdom
  28. The collapse of the Sudanic empires shifted the African political power base

    A. it shielded the kingdoms from the frequent raids of horse-riding jihadists
    B. it is cooler and more humid to support agriculture
    C. it is the home of half of the known plants and animal species
    D. Europeans along the coasts wanted more kingdoms to supply slaves to their slave merchants
    E. Of the abundance of resources in the forest belt.
    • A. it shielded the kingdoms from the frequent raids of horse-riding jihadists
    • B. it is cooler and more humid to support agriculture
    • C. it is the home of half of the known plants and animal species
    • D. Europeans along the coasts wanted more kingdoms to supply slaves to their slave merchants
    • E. Of the abundance of resources in the forest belt.
  29. Which of the following was not a major feature of the era of ancient civilization in Africa?

    A. Trans-Atlantic slave trade
    B. Well established political structure with strong central government
    C. The use of iron technology for making tools and weapons
    D. Production of food surplus through the domestication of plants and animals as well as the effective use and control of water resources
    E. Impressive African arts and sculptures
    • A. Trans-Atlantic slave trade
    • B. Well established political structure with strong central government
    • C. The use of iron technology for making tools and weapons
    • D. Production of food surplus through the domestication of plants and animals as well as the effective use and control of water resources
    • E. Impressive African arts and sculptures
  30. The terra-cotta sculpture is typical of:

    A. The Nok civilization
    B. Kush civilization
    C. Egyptian Civilization
    D. Axum civilization
    E. Carthage
    • A. The Nok civilization
    • B. Kush civilization
    • C. Egyptian Civilization
    • D. Axum civilization
    • E. Carthage
  31. The Bantu migration began at about 5000 BC from:

    A. Egypt
    B. Benue River and the shores of Lake Chad
    C. Olduvai Gorge
    D. Kush Kingdom
    E. Madagascar
    • A. Egypt
    • B. Benue River and the shores of Lake Chad
    • C. Olduvai Gorge
    • D. Kush Kingdom
    • E. Madagascar

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