Psych week 4

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tville01
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148337
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Psych week 4
Updated:
2012-04-18 10:55:25
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Psych week
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Psych week 4
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  1. Women have begun to outnumber men in psychology
    T
  2. Psychologist believe that aggression is simply learned from one's parents as a consequence of rewards and punishment
    F
  3. Punishment alone works better than punishment combined with reinforcement of the desired behavior
    F
  4. Social learning theory stresses that people can reward or punish themselves
    T
  5. If you want to hold on to info for just a minute or two the most effective device is rote rehersal
    T
  6. Everything we learn is stored in long term memory
    T
  7. People with amnesia do not do as well on memory priming tasks as people with normal memory
    F
  8. No single part of the brain is solely responsible for memory
    T
  9. Younger adults are more likely than adults over 50 to remember events from relatively early in life
    F
  10. Flashbulb memories are almost always accurate
    F
  11. People can "remember" abusive experiences that never happened
    T
  12. Cognition is a synonym for emotion
    F
  13. We must form a new concept for every new experience
    F
  14. People can not think about things for which they have no words in their language
    F
  15. The English language has traditionally used masculine terms to refer to all people, female as well as male
    T
  16. Two people from different culturesperceiving the same object may assign it to very different categories
    T
  17. Cultural differences in cognition appear to be genetic in origins
    F
  18. Projecting human characteristics onto a nonhuman creature is called empathy
    F
  19. Laboratory experiments suggest that animals have cognitive capacities
    T
  20. Chimps frequently practice deception
    T
  21. Humans communicate primarily through signs
    F
  22. Dolphins and whales are the only other animals, besides humans, to have their own language
    F
  23. The most successful studies attempting to teach language to apes have taught them nonverbal communication techniques
    T
  24. Apes learn language only through intensive training and to win favor and obtain rewards from human trainers
    F
  25. Divergent thinking is necessary for creative problem solving
    T
  26. In the absence of full and accurate info, we often make decisions based upon availability
    T
  27. Subtle changes in the way info is presented can dramatically affect the final decision one makes
    T
  28. Laypersons and experts agree on the meaning of intelligence
    F
  29. A person with average intelligence should get an IQ score of about 100
    T
  30. If there is one thing that all intelligence tests measure, it is intelligence
    F
  31. Culture-fair test sometimes accentuate the very cultural differences they were designed to minimize
    T
  32. IQ tests accuratley predict school performence
    T
  33. IQ is the same thing as intelligence
    F
  34. Prenatal nutrition affects IQ scores
    T
  35. Extreme malnutrition during infancy can lower IQ scores
    T
  36. IQ scores are unaffected by levels of environmental stimulation during childhood
    F
  37. IQ scores have gone up for the populationa a whole since the 1930's
    T
  38. On average male have a higher IQ than females
    F
  39. While overall IQ scores between men and women are similar, men are more likely than women to have extreme high or low scores
    T
  40. Americans are more likely than Asians to believe that studying hard, rather than innate ability, is crucial to be successful academic performance
    F
  41. In most cases, the causes of mental retardation are unknown
    T
  42. Little can be done to reverse biological conditions that cause many cases of severe mental retardation
    T
  43. Creative people tend to have IQ scores above 130
    F
  44. Sex, hunger, and thirst are all primary drives
    T
  45. Each individual has an optimum level of arousal
    T
  46. The psychological state of hunger is not the same as the biological need for food
    T
  47. Culture influences what we choose to eat and how much
    T
  48. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia are much more prevalent among females than males
    T
  49. Obesity is the most pressing health problem in America today
    T
  50. The human sex drive is powerfully affected by hormones
    T

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