Common Anatomical Roots

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smit4104
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148376
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Common Anatomical Roots
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2012-04-18 15:47:16
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Common Anatomical Roots
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Common Anatomical Roots
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  1. adip/o; lip/o; steat/o
    fat
  2. axill/o
    armpit
  3. bi/o
    life
  4. caphal/o
    head
  5. cervic/o
    neck
  6. cyt/o
    cell
  7. hist/o; histi/o
    tissue
  8. path/o
    disease
  9. viscer/o
    internal organ
  10. cli/o; pil/o
    hair
  11. derm/o; dermat/o; cutane/o
    skin
  12. onych/o; ungu/o
    nail
  13. arthr/o
    joint
  14. chondr/o
    cartilage
  15. crani/o
    skull
  16. cost/o
    rib
  17. myel/o
    bone marrow (also means spinal cord)
  18. oste/o
    bone
  19. pelvi/i
    pelvis
  20. spin/o
    spine/backbone
  21. vertebr/o; spondyl/o
    vertebra
  22. my/o; muscul/o
    muscle
  23. tend/o; tendin/o
    tendon
  24. blephar/o
    eyelid
  25. cerebr/o; encephal/p
    brain
  26. myel/o
    spinal cord (bone marrow)
  27. neur/o
    nerve
  28. ophthalm/o; ocul/o
    eye
  29. ot/o
    ear
  30. aden/o
    gland
  31. adren/o
    • adrenal gland
    • sits atop kidneys control components of metabolism, water and salt balance, sexual maturation, pregnancy and the body's response to stress
  32. parathyroid/o
    • parathyroid gland
    • a small gland of a group of four that lie in or near the walls of the thyroid gland and secrete a hormone that controls the depositing of calcium and phosphorus in bones
  33. pituitar/o
    • pituitary gland
    • a small oval gland at the base of the brain in vertebrates, producing hormones that control other glands and influence growth of the bone structure, sexual maturing, and general metabolism
  34. thyroid/o
    • thyroid gland
    • an endocrine gland located in the neck of human beings and other vertebrate animals that secretes the hormones responsible for controlling metabolism and growth.
  35. angi/o; vascul/o; vas/o
    vessel
  36. arteri/o
    artery
  37. cardi/o
    heart
  38. hem/o; hemat/o
    blood
  39. ven/o; phleb/o
    vein
  40. adenoid/o
    • adenoids
    • an enlarged mass of lymphoid tissue in the upper pharynx, often obstructing breathing through the nasal passages.
  41. lymph/o
    lymph (clear, watery fluid)
  42. lymphaden/o
    • lymph glands, lymph nodes
    • Any of the small bodies located along the lymphatic vessels, particularly at the neck, armpit, and groin, that filter bacteria and foreign particles from lymph fluid
  43. lymphangi/o
    lymph vessels
  44. splen/o
    • spleen
    • a ductless vascular organ in the left upper abdomen of humans and othervertebrates that helps to destroy old red blood cells, form lymphocytes, and store blood
  45. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  46. alveol/o
    air sac/ alveolus
  47. bronch/o; bronchi/o
    • bronchus
    • a tube leading from the windpipe to a lung, which provides for the passage of air
  48. bronchiol/o
    small bronchial tubes
  49. laryng/o
    voice box/ larnyx
  50. nas/o; rhin/o
    nose
  51. phayng/o
    throat; pharynx
  52. phren/o
    diaphragm
  53. pneum/o; pneumon/o; pulmon/o
    lungs
  54. thorac/o
    chest
  55. trache/o
    windpipe, trachea
  56. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  57. cheil/o
    lips
  58. col/o
    large intestine; colon
  59. enter/o
    small intestine
  60. esophag/o
    esophagus
  61. gastr/o
    stomach
  62. glass/o;lingu/o
    tongue
  63. hepat/o
    liver
  64. or/o; stomat/o
    mouth
  65. pharyng/o
    throat; pharynx (also part of the respiratory system)
  66. rect/o
    rectum
  67. cyst/o
    bladder
  68. ren/o; nephr/o
    kidneys
  69. ureter/o
    ureters
  70. urethr/o
    urethra
  71. epididym/o
    • epididymis
    • tube containing sperm attached to a testicle
  72. orchid/o; test/o; testicul/o
    testicles
  73. phall/o
    penis
  74. prostat/o
    • prostate gland
    • an "O"-shaped gland in males that surrounds the urethra below the bladder, secreting a fluid into the semen that acts to improve the movement and viability of sperm
  75. vas/o
    • ductus (vas) deferens
    • a duct that carries spermatozoa from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
  76. colp/o; vagin/o
    vagina
  77. gynec/o
    female
  78. mast/o; mamm/o
    breast
  79. oophor/o; ovari/o
    • ovary
    • either of the two female reproductive organs that produce eggs and, in vertebrates, also produce the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone
  80. salping/o
    • fallopian tubes; uterine tubes
    • either of two narrow tubes through which a female mammal's eggs pass from either of the ovaries to the womb
  81. uter/o; hyster/o; metr/o
    • uterus
    • A hollow muscular organ located in the pelvic cavity of female mammals in which the fertilized egg implants and develops
  82. vulv/o
    • vulva; external genitalia
    • including the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and vestibule of the vagina.

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