Chapter 11/Late adulthood

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Chapter 11/Late adulthood
2012-04-18 21:24:20

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  1. When do men and women die and why?
    • 50-59 - die from genetics
    • 60-69 unhealthy men die
    • 70-79 men traditionally die and unhealthy/genetics women die
    • 80-89 women traditionally die
    • 90+ die from genetics
  2. When is late adulthood?
    over age 65
  3. What is Erickson's theory Ego Integrity vs. Dispair?
    • Ego Integrity: feel whole, complete satisfied with achievements, serenity and contentment, associates with phychosocial maturity. Calm content healthy individuals.
    • Despair: feel many wrong decisions were wrong, but now time is too short, bitter and unaccepting of coming death, expressed as anger and contempt for others, agrivated/agrivating miserable individuals
  4. What is gerotranscendence?
    Beyond ego integrity, cosmic, transcendent perspective, directed beyond self (forward outcome), heightened inner calm, quiet reflection
  5. What is personality in late adulthood?
    • Secure, multifaceted self-concept: alows seld-acceptance, continues to persue possible selves.
    • Shifts in some characteristics: More agreeable, less sociable (mobility issues/hearing issues), Greater acceptance of change (avoid conflict)
  6. What is spirituality and religion in late adulthood?
    • over 3/4 in the US say religion is very important
    • over half attend services weekly
    • many become more religous or spiritual with age (not all - about 1/4 get less religious, cultural, SES, gender differences)
    • Physical, psychological benefits: social engagement, spiritual beliefs themselves
  7. What are the factors in psychological well-being?
    • Controls versus dependency (maintain control as long as possible.
    • health - poor health (depression linked) - to suicide
    • Negative life changes (significant other dies)
    • Social support, interaction (help them provide social interaction skills, call them or take them to church)
    • Social interaction
  8. How does suicide effect the elderly?
    • Suicide increases over lifespan
    • -Men more likely than women
    • -Whites most likely
    • Prompted by losses, terminal illnesses
    • -retirement, widowhood
    • Indirect methods
    • -refusing food and medications
  9. What kinds of housing arrangements do you have in late adulthood?
    • Ordinary homes
    • -own house (preferred and most control)
    • -with family
    • residental communities
    • -congregative housing
    • -lifecare communities
    • Nursing homes
  10. What is marriage like for late adulthood?
    • satisfaction peaks in late adulthood
    • -fewer stressful responsibilities
    • -faimess in household tasks
    • -joint leisure
    • -emotional understanding, regulation
    • If dissatisfied, harder for women
  11. Divorce, remarriage and cohabitation for late adulthood.
    • Divorce: fewer in late adulthood but increasing, hard to recover especially women, rates low decline with age
    • Remarriage: Higher for divorced than widowed, late marriage stable
    • Cohabitation: growing trend, financial and family reasons, relationships stable.
  12. How is widowhood taken by late adulthood?
    • Most stressful event of life for many
    • few remarry; most live alone - must cope with loneliness
    • reorganizing life is harder for men - most likely to remarry
  13. How are relationships with adult children in late adulthood?
    • Quality of relationship affects elders physical and mental health.
    • Assist each other
    • -directions change towards children helping as parents age
    • -closeness affects willingness to help
    • -emotional support most often (parents try to avoid dependency)
    • Sex differences (daughter is closer)
  14. What are the forms of elder maltreatment?
    • Physical abuse
    • Physical neglect
    • Psychological abuse
    • Sexual abuse
    • Financial abuse
  15. What decisions are for retirement?
    • Adequate retirement benefits
    • Compelling leisure interests
    • low work commitment
    • Declining health
    • Spouse retiring
    • Routine, boring job
  16. What are decisions that are against retirement?
    • Limited or no retirement benefits
    • Few leisure interests
    • High work commitment
    • Good health
    • Spouse working
    • Flexible work schedule
    • Pleasant, stimulating work
  17. How do late adulthood adjust to retirement?
    • Most people adapt well - 30% report some adjustment difficulties
    • Factors in adjustment - financial worries, workplace factors, spouse influence, sense of personal control, social support
  18. What leisure activities do for late adulthood?
    • Interests usually continue from earlier in life
    • -choose personally gratifying pursuits
    • -frequency and variety drop with age
    • Involvement in rewarding leisure linked to better health, reduced mortality
    • -self-expression
    • -New achievements
    • -Helping others
    • -Social interactions
  19. What is successful aging?
    • Minimize losses and maximize gains
    • -focus less on outcomes, more on processes and reaching personal goals
    • -some factors controllable, others not
    • -social policies can help