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- Nomenclature: Picea rubens
- Notes: The red spruce is used very
- often as an ornamental. Its resin was used to produce a chewing gum. While the
- needles are immature, clippings were once used to produce spruce beer. The red
- spruce can be used for pulpwood, construction lumber, piano sound boards, and
- even violins.
- Scientific Nomenclature: Picea
- Notes: This
- tree is a native of high altitude north and central Europe.
- It has been introduced here in the US
- as an ornamental tree, shade tree (due to its rapid growth compared to native
- species), and as a Christmas tree in plantations. As with most spruce, the wood
- is strong for its weight. The resinous pitch from this tree is called burgundy
- pitch, and can be used many varnishes and medicinal compounds.
- Nomenclature: Picea mariana
- Theblack spruce is the most important pulpwood species to Canada, but it will also be used for lumber and Christmas trees. Small stature limits
- its use for lumber. Lower branches can take root if branches reach the ground, creating a ring of smaller trees around the parent. This tree was also once used for spruce beer and spruce gum production.
- Nomenclature: Picea glauca
- Notes: In the US and Canada it is used for lumber, pulp, house logs, musical string instrument, and as
- sound boards for pianos. It is also used extensively as an ornamental and shade tree. Native Americans used the pliable roots to eave baskets and lace birch bark canoes.
Scientific Nomenclature: Pinus banksiana
- Notes: Jack
- pine is another important pulpwood species. Lumber is also used for boxes, crates, and shipping containers.
- Nomenclature: Pinus resinosa
Notes: Norway pine is a misleading name as the species is native of the new world. Apparently the confusion may have come from English explorers mixing it up with the more familiar Norway spruce. The red pine is popularly used for an ornamental and a shade tree. It’s also harvested for construction lumbar, pole production, millwork, and pulpwood.
- Nomenclature: Pinus sylvestris
- Notes: The Scots pine is native to Europe and Northern Asia. It is now one of
- the most widely distributed pine’s in the world. The scotch pine has now naturalized in parts of Canada and the United States. Scotch pine is extensively managed in Europe for its production of pulp, production of timber, erosion control, and now in the United States for Christmas trees and shade trees.