A & P 2 Final Exam Spring 2012

Card Set Information

Author:
chasity_llove
ID:
148745
Filename:
A & P 2 Final Exam Spring 2012
Updated:
2012-04-19 22:13:54
Tags:
anatomy physiology
Folders:

Description:
questions from previous a & p tests
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user chasity_llove on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The central nervous system (CNS) refers to the:
    A. brain, spinal cord and all sensory neurons
    B. brain and spinal nerves
    C. brain and spinal cord
    D. brain and cranial nerves
    E. brain only
    C. brain and spinal cord
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Descending from the cerebrum to the medulla, brain functions become more complex and variable.
    a. true
    b. false
    b. false
  3. The central sulcus divides:
    A. the frontal and parietal lobes of the cerebrum
    B. a and b
    C. the primary somatosensory cortex from the primary motor cortex
    D. the left and right cerebral hemispheres
    e. all of the above
    B. a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The thalamus and hypothalamus are part of the:
    A. diencephalon
    B. epithalamus
    C. brainstem
    D. pons
    E. cerebellum
    A. diencephalon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following glial cells aid in repairing damaged neural tissue and help provide nutrition to the nervous tissues?
    A. oligodendrocytes
    B. microglia
    C. Schwann cells
    D. ependymal cells
    E. astrocytes
    E. astrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which layer of the protective covering of the brain is very delicate and closely adheres to the surface of the brain and spinal cord?
    A. dura mater
    B. arachnoid
    C. choroid plexus
    D. pia mater
    D. pia mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Your neighbor brings you his radiograph from the time he accidently shot himself in the head with a nail gun. Impress him with your ability to name the structures the nail penetrated (in order, superficial to deep) on its way in.
    1. arachnoid mater
    2. pia mater
    3. dural sinus
    4. dura mater (endosteal layer – that layer closely associated with the skull)
    5. subarachnoid space
    6. dura mater (meningeal layer)
    A. 1, 5, 6, 4, 3, 2
    B. 4, 3, 6, 1, 5, 2
    C. 4, 5, 6, 1, 3, 2
    D. 4, 6, 3, 1, 2, 5
    B. 4,3,6,1,5,2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following are functions of the cerebrospinal fluid?
    a. provide buoyancy for the brain, helping support its weight.
    b. provide cushioning for the brain’s delicate structures.
    c. transport nutrients, chemical messengers and waste to and from the brain.
    d. a and b
    e. all of the above
    e.all of the above
  9. Cerebrospinal fluid:
    A. is the exact same thing as blood, but it’s found in the CNS.
    B. fills the dural sinus surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
    C. a and b
    D. is formed in the choroid plexuses in the ventricles.
    E. is secreted by the pia mater.
    D. is formed in the choroid plexuses in the ventricles.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The ventricular system is filled with CSF and is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord.
    a. true
    b. false
    a. true
  11. Nuclei in the _______________ contain reflex centers for regulating one’s heartbeat and respirations as well as things like coughing, sneezing and hiccupping.
    A. cerebrum
    B. epithalamus
    C. medulla oblongata
    D. pons
    E. thalamus
    C. medulla oblongata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. CSF does not circulate but sits unchanging in a closed system of ventricles. This is what makes increased CSF pressure so dangerous – there’s nowhere for it to go.
    a. true
    b. false
    b. false
  13. Blood supply to the brain is supplied by:
    A. a and b
    B. a, b and c
    C. internal carotid arteries
    D. vertebral arteries
    E. superior sagittal sinus
    A. a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The blood-brain barrier is formed by tight junctions between the endothelial cells of capillaries of the central nervous system and reinforced by foot processes of astrocytes. Its function is to isolate the nervous tissue in the central nervous system from the general circulation.
    a. true
    b. false
    a. true
  15. The blood-brain barrier is intended to keep lipid-soluble compounds like O2, CO2, steroids, and prostaglandins out of the interstitial fluid of the brain and spinal cord.
    a. true
    b. false
    b. false
  16. The cerebral cortex contains:
    A. grey matter
    B. a, b and c
    C. neuronal cell bodies
    D. a and b
    E. myelinated axons
    D. a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The limbic system is a functional group of structures that is known as the “emotional brain”.
    a. true
    b. false
    a. true
  18. The primary motor cortex is found in which lobe of the cerebrum?
    A. temporal
    B. occipital
    C. frontal
    D. parietal
    C. frontal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The primary sensory cortex is found in which lobe of the cerebrum?
    A. frontal
    B. occipital
    C. temporal
    D. parietal
    D. parietal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The cerebellum is divided into hemispheres, like the cerebrum, but unlike the cerebrum, the white matter is found superficial to the grey matter.
    a. true
    b. false
    b. false
  21. A groove in the surface of the cerebral cortex is called a:
    A. gyrus
    B. prius
    C. plexus
    D. nexus
    E. sulcus
    E. sulcus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What part of the brain filters and relays sensory information on its way to the sensory cortex?
    A. glial cells
    B. pineal gland
    C. hypothalamus
    D. medulla oblongata
    E. thalamus
    E. thalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. White matter tracts that join the hemispheres are called _______________ tracts.
    A. projection
    B. association
    C. commissural
    C. commissural
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Corticospinal tracts carry _____________________ impulses.
    A. a and b
    B. motor efferent
    C. sensory efferent
    D. sensory afferent
    E. motor afferent
    B. motor efferent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. There are nuclei found in the brain which are collections of nerve cell bodies. These serve many different functions but are always made of white matter.
    a. true
    b. false
    b. false
  26. The brainstem consists of the:
    A. medulla oblongata and pons
    B. diencephalon, pons, medulla oblongata
    C. pons, medulla oblongata and spinal cord
    D. midbrain, medulla oblongata, pons
    D. midbrain, medulla oblongata, pons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. CSF is produced in the venous sinuses and circulated through fingerlike projections called arachnoid granulations (arachnoid villae) into the subarachnoid space.
    a. true
    b. false
    a. true
  28. A nerve may contain axons that are:
    a. myelinated
    b. unmyelinated
    c. sensory
    d. motor
    e. all of the above
    e. all of the above
  29. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves that connect to the brain.
    a. true
    b. false
    a. true
  30. Pick out the basic functions of the trigeminal nerve
    A. Motor, turns eye laterally
    B. Sensory, responsible for hearing and equilibrium
    C. Mixed sensory and motor, responsible for touch, pain and chewing.
    D. Mixed sensory and motor, controls facial expressions, taste, secretion of tears and saliva.
    C. Mixed sensory and motor, responsible for touch, pain, and chewing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview