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- Nomenclature: Pinus rigada
- Notes: The
- pitch pine is now used principally for lumber and pulpwood. Colonists once used
- the resin for railroad ties, as well as turpentine, tar, and axle grease production.
- The pitch pine was once a species of interest for the world’s navies because of
- its turpentine and tar keeping their fleets afloat. Due to the high resin content, knots would also once be used as torches when fixed to a pole. After a fire, the pitch pine can sprout new growth out of burnt stumps, making it a remarkably resilient species.
- Scientific Nomenclature: Juniperus
Notes: Most widely distributed native conifer in North America, and the world. Juniper cones (“berries”) are is important browse for certain birds including grouse, pheasants, and bobwhites. As far as people are concerned the cones are the most useful part, being the main flavoring for gin, and making appearances as a flavoring in some cuisine.
Eastern Red Cedar
Scientific Nomenclature: Juniperus virginiana
- Notes: The eastern red cedar is native in 37 of the United States. Very hardy to drought, heat, and cold. Wood is used for fenceposts, cedar chests, cabinetwork, and carvings. Juniper was once important to colonists for log cabins and rail fences. It is a very aromatic wood. Cedar oil is used for medicine and perfumes. Also now used as a Christmas tree, and as a shelterbelt. Cones are browsed by wildlife including the cedar waxwing. The red cedar is an alternate host for the cedar apple rust fungus. Orchard owners would
- be wise to remove them.
- Scientific Nomenclature: Liriodendron
Notes: Yellow poplar is a major commercial hardwood. It is used for furniture, crates, musical instruments, and pulpwood. Trunks were once used to make canoes.
- Scientific Nomenclature: Asimina
- Scientific Nomenclature: Platanus
- Notes: Sycamore was once used for
- lumber and veneer, but now has been relegated mostly to pulpwood uses.
- Scientific Nomenclature: Picea
Notes: Blue spruce is not an important timber tree. It is mostly prized as an ornamental for its tolerance of extreme temperature and drought. This tree is not native to New York.