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  1. Exchange relationship
    Where they expect and want to be rewarded for their interactions
  2. Passionate love
    love is more typical of the early stages of a relationship. It is characterized by high states of arousal and strong emotions
  3. Equity theory
    The idea that people are the happiest in their relationship when the ratio between the benefits and contributions are the same
  4. Attachment style
    The way people usually interact with their significant others
  5. Matching hypothesis
    The proposition that people are attracted to and form relationships with those who are similar to them in particular characteristics, such as physical attractiveness.
  6. What-is-beautiful-is-good theory
    The belief that physically attractive individuals also possess desirable personality characteristics.
  7. Excitation transfer
    The process whereby arousal caused by one stimulus is added to arousal from a second stimulus and the combined arousal is attributed to the second stimulus.
  8. Self-disclosure reciprocity
    This back-and-forth exchange of personal, meaningful information, which gradually gets more personal and more meaningful
  9. Social exchange theory
    A perspective that views people as motivated to maximize benefits and minimize costs in their relationships with others.
  10. Loneliness
    A feeling of deprivation about existing social relations.
  11. Reciprocity
    A mutual exchange between what we give and receive---for example, liking those who like us.
  12. Communal relationship
    A relationship where they have the same expectations and desires for each others needs
  13. Hard-to-get effect
    The tendency to prefer people who are highly selective in their social choices over those who are more readily available.
  14. Sexual orientation
    person’s preference for members of the same sex (homosexuality), opposite sex (heterosexuality), or both sexes (bisexuality).
  15. Intimate relationship
    A close relationship between two adults involving at least one of the following: emotional attachment, fulfillment of psychological needs, and interdependence.
  16. Need for affliation
    The desire to establish and maintain many rewarding interpersonal relationships.
  17. Mere exposure effect
    The phenomenon whereby the more often people are exposed to a stimulus, the more positively they evaluate that stimulus.
  18. Compationate love
    Stable and trusting relationship
  19. Triangular theory of love
    The three components of love according to the triangular theory of love are intimacy, passion, and commitment
  20. balance theory
    proposes that people desire consistency in their thoughts, feelings, and social relationships
  21. interdependent relationship
    when they include their partner in their definition of themselves, their commitment is likely to be stronger and more enduring.
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