SOC305 - Expertss

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Author:
da_imposter
ID:
148845
Filename:
SOC305 - Expertss
Updated:
2012-04-20 14:45:23
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Soc305
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exam questions
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  1. According to Cole, how did fingerprinting become impervious to questions? 5/6
    • [experts]Manage the visible
    • Gives the layperson something to see (actual fingerprint of suspect)




    • [experts] Maintain authority
    • Over analysis and presentation of FP




    • Closure
    • Over identity and nature of FP - using 12 pt identity system




    Real skill = consistency

    • Never see a expert defense to argue against prosecutor expert
    • 'we all experts b/c we agree'

    • Blame attribution
    • Any inconsistencies that emerge are due to individual fallacies (individual FPE)
    • Evidence is there (can't be wrong), but it’s the individual who is there to interpret it (can be wrong)




    Visible yet, invisible

    • Scientist, yet technician
    • Able todraw on either at certain times
  2. How would a sociological and psychological expert testify during a Battered Women's Syndrome defence?
    ○ Sociological expert: women dependent on other; women property of other

    • ○ Psychological expert: women had to respond to immediate threat of "I'm gonna kill you when I get back"
    • Cyclical pattern of mixed psych emotions
  3. What were some of the things Dr Charles smith did as exposed in the Groudge Report
    –Unprepared

    –Didn't acknowledge limits

    • •Did not present a balanced view or
    • contrary evidence

    –Unscientific language

    –False and misleading statements
  4. How does Kuhn view scientific theory evolution /4
    • Paradigm shifts
    • A history of science

    • Pre-paradigm phase
    • Normal science
    • Revolutionary science




    Incommensurability:

    • Paradigm shift can't disprove previous
    • theory, but it’s a NEW/DIFFERENT LANGUAGE




    • Scientific revolution comes with cutting edge
    • people gain more footing
  5. What are some of the assumptions of public criminology
  6. Assumes an uneducated mass
  7. Everyone
    • outside of criminological circles are 'stupid'
    • Legitimacy
    • struggle between experts and public
  8. How does Wacquant view public criminology?
    • Struggle is a sherade
    • Reflexivity - institutional setting (university setting)

    • How does institution produce knowledge
    • Researching popular topic
    • Popular $$-making topics




    • Think-tanks and experts
    • Provide selective magnifiers for people who fund research


    • I want to be able to ask my own questions; we're just servicing other people
    • - Only researching certain things b/c that’s where the money is

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