bio exam-last!

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lacythecoolest
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148892
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bio exam-last!
Updated:
2012-04-30 13:14:24
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last bio exam material
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final bio exam
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  1. * eukaryotic
    * chitin CW
    * heterotropic
    * store glycogen
    * Spores
    Fungi Characteristics
  2. How are fungi organized?
    by sexual reporduction classes
  3. What are the Fungi classes?
    • Ascomycota
    • Basidiomycota
    • Chytridiomycota
    • Deuteromycota
    • Glomeromycota
    • Zygomycota
  4. study of fungi
    myco
  5. * fungi
    * simple structre
    * aquatic
    * zoospores
    Chytridiomycota
  6. fungi that has single cells with rhizoids
    Chytridiomycota
  7. * fungi
    * anchors w/rhizoids
    * sporangeum
    * Black break mold
    Zygomycota
  8. Rhizopus
    black bread mold
  9. spores capsule where they develope asexual spores that are air born
    sporangeum
  10. can only mate w/a different kind
    heterothallic
  11. can mate w/anybody, even w/themselves
    homothallic
  12. * lives in intestines of herbivores
    * daylight stimulates reproduction
    -developes spores on poop
    pilobolus
  13. * sack fungi
    * largest most diverse group
    * terrestrial
    * air spores
    * asexual
    * conidia spores
    Ascomycota
  14. blue mold
    green part is?
    yellow part is?
    • Eurotium
    • asexual
    • sexual
  15. Cap fungi
    perithecia
  16. fertile layers
    hymenium
  17. batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
    ruminants
    frog pathogens
  18. something making food inside a plants cell, infolded into plasma membrane
    endomycorrhizae
  19. infolded into plasma membrane
    arbuscules
  20. food making organism
    zygomycote
  21. * tips of hypha
    * not enclosed
    * air borne
    conidia
  22. infection in plants, helps growth
    endophytes
  23. helps fight breast cancer
    taxol
  24. fungus destroys comabium, produces conidia
    chestnut blight
  25. fungus infect grain - LSD
    contaminated grain
    Ergot
  26. wakes up bat early from hybernation, causes all of its energy to be used up
    white nose syndrome
  27. infects insects and uses their bodies to produce spores
    cordyceps
  28. Has a symbiosis with fungi and algae
    lichens
  29. * world's largest terresterial organism
    * super old colonies in soil found
    humongus fungus: armillaria
  30. * thick melinized strands
    * septate hyphea
    * clamp connections
    rhizomorphs
  31. septate fuzes with branch of self, preforms meiosis
    * on nucleus always travels backwards
    clamp connections
  32. does meiosis in basidium
    -turgor pressure pushes them out
    basidiospores
  33. flap of tissue covering gills
    annulus
  34. universal veil that muchroom starts in, then remains after growth
    -parts of it give cap spots sometimes
    volva
  35. poreous mushrooms
    boletes
  36. lower club fungi
    obligate plant pathogens
    no basidiocarps
    rust and smuts
  37. infet ovaries, mostly monocots
    alters time of growth to grow sooner then usual
    smuts
  38. "Imperfect Fungi"
    no known sexual stage
    Deuteromycota
  39. early blight of tomato
    Alternaria
  40. Mold on corn grain or nuts
    Aflatoxins
  41. depostis of cyanobacteria
    calcified in rocks
    Stromatolites
  42. 60% protein
    carontinoids
    Spriulina
  43. Deprives bodies of water from oxygen, kills off fish
    Human Impact
  44. Too much growth of cyanobacteria bc of phosphate and NO fixation
    Eutrophication
  45. small group of freshwater algea
    glaucophyta
  46. No vascular tissue
    bryophytes-smallest and simplest
    Non-vascular plants
  47. No seeds
    ferns and allies-spores
    seedless vascular plants
  48. Embryos enclosed in plants
    vascular tissue
    seed plants
  49. 3 different Bryophytes phyla's
    • mosses (bryophyta)
    • liverworts(hepaticophyta)
    • hornworts (anthoceratophyta)
  50. What do bryophytes have instead of vascular tissue?
    hydroids and leptoids
  51. What do bryophytes have instead of organs?
    rhizoids and mycorrhizae
  52. uses other plants for support
    epiphytic
  53. (bryophytes)
    * larger
    * upright
    * hollow cells bc aquatic
    peat mosses
  54. (bryophytes)
    * dark in color, purple blackish
    * on rocks
    Rock mosses
  55. (bryophytes)
    * stalks
    * crown
    True mosses
  56. replace leafs
    phyllids
  57. stem like
    caulid
  58. anchoring stems
    rhizoids
  59. threadlike body
    protonema
  60. things peat moss is used for
    feul, potting soil scotch whisky
  61. 2 types of liverworts
    • Thalloid
    • Leafy
  62. What is the male gametophyte/microgametophyte in gymnosperms?
    pollen

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