Med Surg Final Exam
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What are the five characteristics that all cells exhibit
There are how many body systems and what are they
- 1) integumentary
- 2) skeletal
- 3) muscular
- 4) nervous
- 5) endocrine
- 6) cardiovascular
- 7) lymphatic
- 8) respiratory
- 9) digestive
- 10) urinary
- 11) reproductive
The_______membrane secretes mucous, lines the lungs, peritoneum, and pericardium and covers the wall of the lower digestive tract. The _________membrane secretes synovial fluid to prevent friction between joints and the end of the bones and lines the bursae found between moving body parts.
Serous; connective tissue (synovial)
__________nearest the origin of the structure. _________is farthest from the origin of the structure.
________tissue covers the outside of the body and some of the internal structures
_________muscle cells are striated with fibers that branch to form many networks or webs.
___________is the movement of water and particles thru a membrane by a force from either pressure or gravity.
The primary passive transport processes include _____, _______, and __________.
Diffusion, osmosis, filtration
__________ is the process that permits a cell to engulf or surround any foreign material and digest it.
__________ membranes secrete mucous. They line body surfaces that open to the outside environment.
One of the most important forms of connective tissue is ____________ (___) tissue.
____ tissue is composed of cells that contract in response to a message from the brain or spinal cord.
_________ is the passage of water from less concentrated solution to more concentrated solution.
What is located in the abdominal cavity?
- A) liver
- B) gallbladder
- C) stomach
- D) spleen
- E) pancreas
- F) small intestine
- G) parts of the large intestine
What is a system?
An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged to perform complex functions for the body.
The _________ _________ is strong enough to keep the cell whole and intact.
Posterior is where?
(dorsal) toward the back
The transverse plane:
cuts body horizontal into sagittal and frontal planes and caudal and cranial portions
Toward the "tail" is the _________ portion of the spine.
caudal (distal portion)
Toward the midline:
the smallest living units of structure and function in our body; extremely complex
The largest organelle within the cell:
The pelvic cavity contains:
- a) lower (sigmoid) colon
- b) rectum
- c) urinary bladder
- d) reproductive organs
Name the 4 phases of mitosis:
- 1) prophase
- 2) metaphase
- 3) anaphase
- 4) telophase
smooth muscles--nonstriated and appear in the viscera, or internal organs; generally involuntary
Several tissues united to perform a more complex function than any tissue alone are called:
Name involuntary muscles:
- a) cardiac--heart
- b) smooth (visceral)--walls of blood vessels, stomach, intestines, uterus
What is the diaphragm? What is it's location?
it the muscle directly beneath the lungs; in the abdominopelvic cavity
the study, classification, and derscription of structures and organs of the body
explains the processes and functions of the carious structures and how they interrelate
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