Med Surg Final Exam

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Med Surg Final Exam
2012-04-20 20:56:10

cells and systems
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  1. What are the five characteristics that all cells exhibit
    • Growth
    • Metabolism
    • Responsiveness
    • Reproduction
    • Homeostasis
  2. There are how many body systems and what are they
    • 11;
    • 1) integumentary
    • 2) skeletal
    • 3) muscular
    • 4) nervous
    • 5) endocrine
    • 6) cardiovascular
    • 7) lymphatic
    • 8) respiratory
    • 9) digestive
    • 10) urinary
    • 11) reproductive
    • 2)
  3. The_______membrane secretes mucous, lines the lungs, peritoneum, and pericardium and covers the wall of the lower digestive tract. The _________membrane secretes synovial fluid to prevent friction between joints and the end of the bones and lines the bursae found between moving body parts.
    Serous; connective tissue (synovial)
  4. __________nearest the origin of the structure. _________is farthest from the origin of the structure.
    Proximal; distal
  5. ________tissue covers the outside of the body and some of the internal structures
  6. _________muscle cells are striated with fibers that branch to form many networks or webs.
    Cardiac muscle
  7. ___________is the movement of water and particles thru a membrane by a force from either pressure or gravity.
  8. The primary passive transport processes include _____, _______, and __________.
    Diffusion, osmosis, filtration
  9. __________ is the process that permits a cell to engulf or surround any foreign material and digest it.
  10. __________ membranes secrete mucous. They line body surfaces that open to the outside environment.
  11. One of the most important forms of connective tissue is ____________ (___) tissue.
    Adipose (fat)
  12. ____ tissue is composed of cells that contract in response to a message from the brain or spinal cord.
  13. _________ is the passage of water from less concentrated solution to more concentrated solution.
  14. What is located in the abdominal cavity?
    • A) liver
    • B) gallbladder
    • C) stomach
    • D) spleen
    • E) pancreas
    • F) small intestine
    • G) parts of the large intestine
  15. What is a system?
    An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged to perform complex functions for the body.
  16. The _________ _________ is strong enough to keep the cell whole and intact.
    plasma membrane
  17. Posterior is where?
    (dorsal) toward the back
  18. The transverse plane:
    cuts body horizontal into sagittal and frontal planes and caudal and cranial portions
  19. Toward the "tail" is the _________ portion of the spine.
    caudal (distal portion)
  20. Toward the midline:
  21. Cells are:
    the smallest living units of structure and function in our body; extremely complex
  22. The largest organelle within the cell:
  23. The pelvic cavity contains:
    • a) lower (sigmoid) colon
    • b) rectum
    • c) urinary bladder
    • d) reproductive organs
  24. Name the 4 phases of mitosis:
    • 1) prophase
    • 2) metaphase
    • 3) anaphase
    • 4) telophase
  25. Visceral muscles:
    smooth muscles--nonstriated and appear in the viscera, or internal organs; generally involuntary
  26. Several tissues united to perform a more complex function than any tissue alone are called:
  27. Name involuntary muscles:
    • a) cardiac--heart
    • b) smooth (visceral)--walls of blood vessels, stomach, intestines, uterus
  28. What is the diaphragm? What is it's location?
    it the muscle directly beneath the lungs; in the abdominopelvic cavity
  29. Anatomy:
    the study, classification, and derscription of structures and organs of the body
  30. Physiology:
    explains the processes and functions of the carious structures and how they interrelate