Test 1

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Author:
bkkrafft
ID:
149081
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Test 1
Updated:
2012-04-21 14:20:48
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Pathophysiology
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Terminology
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  1. Pathophysiology
    the study of functional or physiological changes in the body that result from disease processes
  2. Etiology
    the causative factors in a particular disease
  3. Congenital Defects
    an Etiology

    abnormality that is present at birth
  4. Genetic Disorder
    an Etiology

    a disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA
  5. Microorganism
    an Etiology

    living organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye
  6. Immunological Dysfunction
    an Etiology

    disorder of the immune system that can be characterized by rejection, hypersensitivity, autoimmune, immunodeficiency
  7. Metabolic Changes
    an Etiology

    changes in the rate/speed at which the biochemical processes in the body occurs
  8. Degenerative Changes
    an Etiology

    changes which result in progressive impariment of both the structure and function of part of the body. usually due to aging
  9. Malignancy
    an Etiology

    tendency of a medical condition, especially tumors, to become progressively worse and potentially result in death. To spread throughout the body.
  10. Trauma
    an Etiology

    serious and body-altering physical injury
  11. Idiopathic
    term describing a state where the cause of a disease is unknown
  12. Iatrogenic
    an Etiology

    term describing a disease caused by a treatment, procedure, or an error
  13. Sign
    objective indicators of disease that are obvious to someone other than that affected individual
  14. Symptom
    subjective feelings, such as pain or nausea
  15. Syndrome
    collection of signs and symptoms often affecting more that one organ, that usally occur together in response to a disease
  16. Diagnostic test
    lab tests that assist in hte diagnosis of a specific disease
  17. Diagnostic procedures
    actions taken, therapies performed to aid in diagnosis of a disease
  18. Treatment modalities
    methods used to treat a patient for a particular condition
  19. Sequelae
    potnetial unwanted outcomes of the primary condition
  20. Complications
    new secondary or additional problems that arise after the original disease in an individual
  21. Predisposing factors
    the tendencies that promote development of a disease in an individual
  22. Prevention
    actions taken to heed the development of a disease. It is closely linked to etiology and predisposing factors. Actions include vaccination, dietary, or lifestyle modifications, removal of harmful materials
  23. Pathogenesis
    the development of the disease of the sequence of events involved in the tissue changes related to the specific disease process
  24. Acute
    short-term, develops quickly, with marked signs
  25. Chronic
    milder, but develops gradually, persists for a long time, and causes more permanent tissue damage
  26. Clinical
    manifestations are obvious to medical personnel, a sign that tells us the disease
  27. Subclinical
    Signs or symptoms that are nonspecific and could be the result of a number of diseases
  28. Latent
    "silent" stage, no clinical signs are evident, hidden, not apparent
  29. Prodromal
    the timein early development of a disease when one is aware of a change in the body, but the signs are nonspecific and does not indicate a disease
  30. Acute stage
    Obvious and specific signs and symptoms
  31. Remission
    period of time where manifestations of the disease subside
  32. Exacerbation
    period of time when the signs increase or come back
  33. Morbidity
    the disease rates within a group
  34. Mortality
    the realitve number of deaths resulting from a particular disease, death rate
  35. Epidemiology
    the science of tracking the pattern, spread, or occurence of disease
  36. Epidemic
    occurs when there are a higer than expected number of cases of an infectious disease
  37. Pandemic
    a higher number of cases in many regions of the globe
  38. Communicable
    describes infections that can be spread from one person to another
  39. Biopsy
    excision of very small amounts of living tissue
  40. Autopsy
    examination of tissues after death to determine the exact cause of death
  41. Atrophy
    a decrease in the size of cells, resulting in a reduced tissue mass
  42. Hypertrophy
    an increase in the size of individual cells, resulting in an enlarged tissue mass
  43. Hyperplasia
    an increased number of cell resulting in an enlarged tissue mass
  44. Metaplasia
    occurs when one mature cell type is replaced by a different mature cell type
  45. Dysplasia
    when cells vary is size and shape, large nuclei are frequently present, and the rate of mitosis is increased
  46. Anaplasia
    cells that are undiffereniated with variable nuclear and cell structures and numerous mitotic figures
  47. Neoplasm
    "new growth" commonly called a tumor
  48. Malignant
    cancer, spread throughout the body
  49. Benign
    less serious than malignant b/c do not spread, and are not life-threatening

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