Lit terms Unit B

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Lit terms Unit B
2012-04-21 14:29:35
ap english lit terms

ap english lit terms
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  1. multiple meaning; lack of clarity in a work consciously used a a phase of the author's view of his/her world or characters and reflecting the vagueness of life
  2. the incorporation of an event, scene, or person who does not correspond with the time period portrayed in the work
  3. the rhetorical opposition or contrast of words, clauses, or sentences
  4. a plot that repeats basic historical or primitive life patterns; from the psychology of Carl Jung
  5. inflated language; the use of high-sounding language for a trivial subject
  6. a cleansing of the spirit of the spectator at a tragedy through experiencing the emotions of pity and terror, as expressed in Aristotle's Poetics
  7. a feeling of associtation or identification with an object; experiencing its sensations and responding with similar feelings
  8. returningto an earlier time in a story or play for the purpose of clarifying present actions or circumstances
  9. a character in a work of literature whose physical or psychological qualities contrast strongly with, and therefore highlight, the corresponding qualities of another character
  10. providing hints of things to come in a story or play
  11. a form of understatement in which the negative of the contrary is used to achieve emphasis and intensity
  12. refined and tender emotion in literature; sometimes used derisively to represent insincerity or mawkishness
  13. an attribute or quality of a thing; a work of literature may be written in a particular mode
  14. a device that serves an a unifying agent in conveying a theme; a recurrent image, phrase, or idea
  15. similar to truth; the quality of realismin a work that persuades the reader that he/she is getting a vision of life as it is
  16. a narrative technique in which characters representing things or abstract ideas are used to convey a message or teach a lesson; is typically used to teach moral, ethical, or religious lessons but is sometimes used for satiric or political purposes
  17. it refers to any experimental work of fiction that avoids the familiar conventions of the novel; usually fragments and distorts the experience of its characters, forcing the reader to construct the reality of the story from a disordered narrative
  18. a German word meaning "novel of development"; is a study of the maturation of a youthful character, typically brought about through a series of social or sexual encounters that lead to self-awareness
  19. a type of poem or prose lamenting or meditating on the death of a person of pet
  20. a concluding statement or section of a literary work
  21. a plot consisting of a series of disconnected events
    episodic plot
  22. a novel in the form of letters; was particularly popular in the 18th century
    epistolary novel
  23. a word or phrase, often disparaging or abusive, that expresses a character trait of someone or something
  24. a piece of writing, often journalistic, meant to reveal or expose weakness, faults, frailties, or other shortcomings
  25. a short story designed to teach a useful lesson; its characters are usually animals or inanimate things
  26. the creation of unreal worlds and people, bearing a relation to the real
  27. in common usage, the attitude that emphasizes human interests; an optimistic view of human potential
  28. a quick succession of images or pictures to express an idea; used primarily in films
  29. the lesson a reader infers from a story, poem, or other piece of literature
  30. the lesson a reader infers form a story, poem, or other piece of literature
  31. a solidly conceived, but entirely imaginative world, with beliefs and values, created by an author; a story that forms part of the beliefs of a faith in which people no longer believe
  32. a novel in which the examination of intellectual issues and concepts takes precedence over chacracterization or a traditional stroyline
    novel of ideas
  33. a novel that examines the customs and mores of a cultural group
    novel of manners
  34. similar to allegory, but shorter; a story in which the author intends that the reader will relate the events of the story to some moral or spiritual truth
  35. episodic ficiton depicting the adventures of a roguish central character; the rogue hero is commonly a low-born but clever individual who wanders into and out of various affairs of love, danger, and farcical intrigue. these involvements may take place at all social levels and typically present a humorous and wide-ranging satire of a given society
    picaresque novel
  36. a novel describing real-life events behind a facade of fiction. The "key", not present in the text, is the correlation between events and characters in the novel and events and characters in real life
    roman á clef
  37. a group of Southern American writes of the 1930s and 1940s who fostered an economic and cultural program for the South based on agriculture, in opposition to the industrial society of the North; can refer to any group that promotes the value of farm life and agricultural society
  38. as distinguished from Dionysian, refers to the noble qualities of human beings and nature as opposed to the savage and destructive forces
  39. in a strict sense, refers to an elaborate style of architecture that followed classicism; in general usage, it refers to elaborate and unstructured style
  40. a literary composition that aims to provoke laughter by ridiculing serious works; a grotesque imitation of the dignified or pathetic
  41. derives from the orderly qualities of ancient Greek and Roman culture; usually implies objecitivity and simplicity, restraint and formality
  42. a word, phrase, or form of pronunciation that is acceptable in casual conversation but not in formal, written communication
  43. as in Greek theatre, is the employment of any artificail device or gimmick that the author uses to solve a difficult situation
    deus ex machina
  44. as distinguished from Apollonian, refers to the sensual, pleasure-seeking qualities of man and nature
  45. as expressed in the works of such writes as Kafka, Camus, and Faulkner, is a view of life that emphasizes existence as opposed to essence; human beings are presented as unable to solve the basic enigmas of life
  46. a form of art in which the artist depicts the inner essence of man and projects his view of the world as colored by that essence
  47. Aristotle's term for the protagonist's tragic flaw or tragic error of judgment
  48. Aristotle's term for the pride of the tragic hero that leads him to ignore or overlook warnings of impending disaster or to break moral laws
  49. in writing, the presentation of salient features of a scene, event, or person as they appear to the author at the time; a highly personal approach
  50. Literary era spanning from the beginning of the twentieth centure through WWII; is characterized by its rejection of the literary conventions of the 19th century and by its oppostion to conventional morality, taste, traditions, and economice values. Writes experimented not only with content but with form, perspective, and style
  51. also known as the Age of Reason or Enlightenment; describes a period in European history spanning the end of the seventeenth century through 1800. The period is marked by a revival of interest in classical forms of literary and artistic expression, emphasizing a return to order, logic, proportion, restraint, accuracy, and decorum
  52. Based on the theores of Emile Zola, this literary movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries sought to examing human life with the objectivity of scientific inquiry; works tended to focus on the biological and sociological causality of poverty. insanity, disease, alcoholism, and prostitution
  53. writing from the 1950s forward characterized by experimentation and continuing to apply some of the fundamentals of modernism, which included existetialism and alienation. ___ists have gone a step further in the rejection of traditio begun with the modernists by also rejecting traditional form, preferring the anti-novel over the novel and the anti-hero over the hero
  54. in literature and art, the depiction of idealized, fabulous, or fantastic charcters and events; the stories abound in dashing, extravagant adventures, characters of extreme virtues or faults, exotic worlds, strong and inflexible loyalities, and idealized love-making
  55. in literature and art, an attempt to reproduce and interprett the visions and images of the unconscious mind as manifested in dreams; characterized by an irrational arrangement of bizarre experiences
  56. a form of romanticism, largely of a philosophical nature. Associeted with Emerson and Thoreau