HLT250 Exam 4

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Anonymous
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149099
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HLT250 Exam 4
Updated:
2012-04-21 16:52:55
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General Pharmacology Exam
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HLT250 General Pharmacology Exam 4
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  1. What do bacteria look like?
    • Classified by shape and arrangement.
    • - Spherical (Cocci)
    • - Rod-like (Bacilli)
    • - Curved Rods (Spirilla)
    • - Pairs (Diplo)
    • - Chains (Strepto)
    • - Clusters (Staphylo)
  2. Where do Antibacterials come from?
    • Sources:
    • - Soil microorganisms (mold - Penicillin)
    • - Chemical synthesis (Antimicrobials)
  3. Bactericidal
    An agent or drug that destroys bacteria.
  4. Bacteriostatic
    Drugs that slow or retard the multiplication of bacteria.
  5. Drug Resistance
    - Antibiotics can lose their effect.

    "Battle of the Bugs"

    - Bacteria can acquire resistance genes through exchanging genes with other bacteria.
  6. How were Sulfonamides discovered?
    Discovered as a byproduct of the dye industry in the 1930s but limited use since the discovery of Penicillin.
  7. Action of Sulfonamides
    • - Primarilary bacteriostatic
    • - Block synthesis of folic acid and thus bacteria cannot grow.
  8. What are Sulfonamides used for?
    • - Used to control urinary tract infections.
    • - Used in second- and third-degree burn treatment.
  9. Examples of Sulfonamides
    • - Sulfadiazine
    • - Sulfamethizole
    • - Sulfisoxazole
  10. Adverse reactions of Sulfonamides

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