HLT250 Exam 4
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What do bacteria look like?
- Classified by shape and arrangement.
- - Spherical (Cocci)
- - Rod-like (Bacilli)
- - Curved Rods (Spirilla)
- - Pairs (Diplo)
- - Chains (Strepto)
- - Clusters (Staphylo)
Where do Antibacterials come from?
- - Soil microorganisms (mold - Penicillin)
- - Chemical synthesis (Antimicrobials)
An agent or drug that destroys bacteria.
Drugs that slow or retard the multiplication of bacteria.
- Antibiotics can lose their effect.
"Battle of the Bugs"
- Bacteria can acquire resistance genes through exchanging genes with other bacteria.
How were Sulfonamides discovered?
Discovered as a byproduct of the dye industry in the 1930s but limited use since the discovery of Penicillin.
Action of Sulfonamides
- - Primarilary bacteriostatic
- - Block synthesis of folic acid and thus bacteria cannot grow.
What are Sulfonamides used for?
- - Used to control urinary tract infections.
- - Used in second- and third-degree burn treatment.
Examples of Sulfonamides
- - Sulfadiazine
- - Sulfamethizole
- - Sulfisoxazole
Adverse reactions of Sulfonamides
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