Emb Section 4 terms

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Emb Section 4 terms
2012-04-22 01:35:32
Emb Section terms

Emb Section 4 terms
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  1. Action level (AL)
    exposure limit usually one half of the OSHA legal limit for a regulated substance

    this level is established to ensure adequate protection of employee at exposures below the OSHA limits, but to minimize the compliance burdens for employers whose employees have exposure below the 8 hours permissible exposure limit

    the action level for HCHO is 0.5 ppm
  2. Adequate air exchange
  3. Aerosolization
    to disperse as an aerosol

    minute particles of blood and water become atomized and suspended in air when water under pressure meets the blood drainage or when flushing an uncovered flushing bowl or sink
  4. Autopsy/necropsy
    postmortem examinations of the organs and tissues of the body to determine a cause of death or pathological condition, a necropsy
  5. Bischloromethyl ether/ BCME
    a carcinogen potentially produced when formaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite come into contact with each toehr

    normally occurs only in a controlled laboratory setting and requires a catalyst
  6. Carcinogen
    a cancer-causing chemical or material
  7. Carcinogenicity
  8. Closed drainage technique
    a drainage procedure that limits the exposure of the embalmer to the drainage

    tubing is attached to a drain tube allowing drainage to flow directly from a vein into a sanitary disposal system

    tubing may also be attached to a trocar and aspirator allowing drainage to be taken from the right atrium of the heart to the sanitary disposal system
  9. Concurrent disinfection
    disinfection practices carried out during the embalming process
  10. Coroner
    an official of a local community who holds inquests concerning sudden, violent and unexplained deaths
  11. Derma

    true skin

    aka dermis

    aka skin
  12. Digits
    anatomical term describing fingers and toes

    the thumb is #1 for each hand

    the large two is #1 for each foot
  13. Disinfectant
    an agent, usually chemical, applied to inanimate objects/surfaces to destroy disease-causing microbial agents, but usually not bacterial spores
  14. Embalming analysis
    that consideration given to a dead human body prior to, during and after the embalming procedure is completed

    documenation of this is recommended

    aka case analysis
  15. Eye wash station
    OSHA required emergency safety device providing a steady stream of water for flushing the eye
  16. Fixative
    an agent employed in the preparation of tissues, for the purpose of maintaining the existing form and structure

    many of agents are used, the most important one being Forlmalin
  17. Formaldehyde (HCHO)
    colorless, strong-smelling gas that when in solution is a powerful preservative and disinfectanct

    a potential occupational carcinogen
  18. Germicide
    agent, usually chemical, applied either to inanimate objects/surface or to living tissues to destroy disease-causing microbial agents, but usually not bacterial spores
  19. Hazard communication standard rule
    OSHA regulation that deals with identifying and limiting exposure to occupational hazards
  20. Hazardous material
    an agent or material exposing one to risk
  21. Hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver

    it may be caused by a variety of agents, including viral infections, bacterial invasion and physical or chemical agents

    it is usually accompanied by fever, janundice and an enlarged liver
  22. Household bleach
    a 5% sodium hypochlorite solution

    12 ounces of household bleach with 116 ounces of water yields 1 gallon of a 10% household bleach solution (5,000 ppm sodium hypochlorite)
  23. Index
    the strength of embalming fluids indicated by the number of grams of pure formaldehyde gas disolved in 100 ml of water

    index usually refers to a percentage

    an embalming fluid with an index of 25 usually contains 25% formaldehyge gas
  24. Ingestion
  25. Inhalation
  26. Intermittent drainage
    method of drainage in which the drainage is stopped at intervals while the injection continues

    aka restricted drainage
  27. MSDS
    this form must accompany a hazardous product

    a requirement of the Department of Labor and OSHA under the Hazard Communication Standard
  28. Medical examiner
    an official elected or appointed to investigate suspicious or unnatural deaths
  29. Mutagenicity
  30. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    a governmental agency with the responsibility for regulatory and enforcement of safety and health matters for most US employees

    an individual state OSHA agency may supersede the US Department of Labor OSHA regulations
  31. Paraformaldehyde
  32. Parts per million
    in contaminated air, the parts of vapor or gas (formaldehyde) per million parts of air by volume

    in solution the part of chemical per million parts of solution

  33. Permissible exposure limit
    the maximum legal limit established by OSHA for regulated substances

    these are based on employee exposure that are time-weighted over an 8 hour work shift

    when these limits are exceeded, employers must take proper steps to reduce employees' exposure

    for formaldehyde, the PEL is .75 ppm

  34. Phenol
    antiseptic/disinfectant employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach discolored tissues

    aka carbolic acid
  35. Post-embalming
    treatments to restorative nature performed after the embalming operation or procedure
  36. Postmortem examination
    postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of the body to determine a cause of death or pathological condition, a necropsy
  37. Preparation room
    that area or facility wherein embalming, dressing, cosmetizing or other body preparations are affected
  38. Short term exposure limit
    legal limits established by OSHA to which workers can be exposed continuously for for a short period of time without damage or injury

    exposures at the STEL should not be for more than 15 minutes and not repeated more than 4 times per work day

  39. Surface pack
    an absorbent material compress saturated with an embalming chemical and placed in direct contact with external body tissue
  40. Terminal disinfection
    institution of disinfection and decontamination measures after the preparation of the remains
  41. Time-weighted average
    an evaluation of exposures that are time-weighed over an established period

    it allows the exposure levels to be averaged generally over an 8 hour time period
  42. Toxicity