Psy 101

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Anonymous
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Psy 101
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2012-04-22 03:40:29
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Psychology 101
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  1. Prenatal Period
    -The Germinal Stage
    First phase- the 1st two weeks
  2. Prenatal Period
    -The Embryonic stage
    • the 2nd phase lasting from the 1st 2 weeks to the end of the 2nd monthe
    • -- the heart, spine, and brain emerge as organs--
  3. Prenatal Period
    -The fetal Stage
    • third stage of penatal development lasting from 2 months thru birth.
    • --the fetus becomes capable of physical movement during this stage
  4. Age of Viobility
    the age at which a baby can survive in the event of a premature birth

    Between 22 weeks and 26 weeks
  5. Separation Anxiety
    • Emotional distress seen in many infants when they are separated from people with whom they have formed an attachment.
    • It usually peaks around 14-18 months, then declines
  6. Erik Erickson's Stage theory
    • 1) Trust vs. Mistrust
    • 2)Automonomy Vs. Sahme and doubt
    • 3) Initiative vs. guilty
    • 4)Industry Vs. inferiority
  7. Levels of Moral Reasoning
    -Preconventional
    Punishment or Rewards
  8. Levels of Moral Reasoning
    -Conventional
    Society's Rules
  9. Levels of Moral Reasoning
    -PostConventional
    Personla ethitcs
  10. The two major aspects of people that are defined by personalyty are ________ and ________??
    • Consistency
    • Distinctiveness
  11. Personality trait
    • a durable disposition to behave in particular way in a variety of situations
    • --honest, dependable, suspicious
    • --4500 differient words
  12. Psychoanalysis
    Freud's method for treating mental disourders
  13. The ID
    • the primitive, instinctive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle.
    • --Eat, Sleep, pop, sex: biological urges
    • i want it now

    • Gets out of control/breaks society rules
  14. The Ego
    • the decision making component of personality that operates according to the reality principle
    • 2nd years secondary process thinking
    • moderate(you dont always get what you want)
    • Mediador
    • NO we Will GEt cought
  15. The Superego
    • the moral component of personality that incorporates social standards about what represents right and wrong.
    • 3-5 years
    • guilt + shame when break rules
    • Pride + self satisfatin when follow them
  16. Defense Mechanisms
    largely uncouscious reactions that protech a person from unpleasant emotions such as anxiety and gilt
  17. Raionalization
    creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior

    work thru self deception
  18. Repression
    Keeping distressing thought and feelings buried in the uncoscious--motivated forgeting
  19. Regression
    a reversion to immature patterns of behavior
  20. Freud's Psychosexual Stages
    --ORAL STAGE--
    the 1st yealr of life the main source of erotic stimulation is the mouthh.

    \
  21. Freud's Psychosexual Stages
    --Anal Stage--
    • 2-3 yrs of age
    • children get their erotic pleasure from their bowe movements
  22. Freud's Psychosexual Stages
    --Phallic Stage--
    • 4-5 yrs
    • the genitals become the focus of the child's erotic energy thought self-stimulation ---the Oedipus complex emerges
    • Boys go for Mommy/ Girls go for daddy
  23. Freud's Psychosexual Stages
    --latency Stage--
    teh child expands social contacts. S- puberty
  24. Freud's Psychosexual Stages
    --Genital Stage--
    Sexual urges reappear channelled to opposite sex
  25. Compensation
    involves efforts to overcome imagined or real inferiorities by developing ones abilities
  26. Self-Actualizing persons
    are people with exceptionally healthy personalities marked by continued personal growth
  27. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
    systematic arrangement of needs according to priority, in which basis needs must be met before less basis needs are aroused. be all one can be
  28. Biopsychosocial Model
    which hold that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors.
  29. Stress
    any circumstances that threaten or are percived to threaten ones well being and thereby tax ones coping abilities
  30. Types of Conflict
    • Approach-Approach
    • --attractive goals/ nice shoes

    • Avoidance- Avoidance
    • --unactractive goals/sleep on ruck/hurt place

    • approach-avoidance
    • --single goal/boss yelling
  31. General Adaptation Syndrome
    a model of the body's stress responce consisting of 3 Stages: Alarm, Resistance, and exhaustion

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