Organic Chemistry

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  9. What is the structure of Aniline?
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  10. What is the structure of Anisole?
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  11. What is the structure of Benzoic acid?
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  12. What reagent is needed to synthesize Bromobenzene?
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  13. What reagent is needed to synthesize Chlorobenzene?
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  14. What reagent is needed to synthesize Fluorobenzene?
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  15. What reagent and reactants are necessary to synthesize this product?
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  16. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
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    meta orientation
  17. What reagent is needed to synthesize Nitrobenzene?
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  18. What is the structure of Nitrobenzene?
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  19. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
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    ortho orientation
  20. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
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    para orientation
  21. What is the structure of Phenol?
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  23. What reagent is needed to syntheize Benzenesulfonic acid?
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  24. What is the structure of Toluene?
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  25. What is the product of the reaction if an acid is added? If a base is added?
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  33. What are the amino acid functional groups are?
    amide and carboxylic acid
  34. What are the 1o, 2o, 3o, and 4o amino acid structures?
    • 1o : Amino acid sequence
    • 2o : α helix and β sheets
    • 3o : disulfied bonds, hydrophoic/hydrophilic bonds
    • 4o : arrangement of polypeptides
  35. What is a Zwitterion?
    A neutral molecule that has both a positive and negative charge within it.

    In a amino acid the H from OH is donated to the NH2 forming NH3+ and O-.
  36. Summarize of SN1 reactions:
    # of steps?
    polar protic or polar aprotic solvents?
    order of types of alkanes favored?
    rate dependent on?
    type of products?
    need strong nucleophile?
    • 2 steps
    • polar protic solvents
    • 3 > 2 > 1 > Methyl
    • Rate = k[RX]
    • Racemate mixture
    • doesn't need strong nucleophile
  37. Summarize of SN2 reactions:
    # of steps?
    polar protic or polar aprotic solvents?
    order of types of alkanes favored?
    rate dependent on?
    type of products?
    need strong nucleophile?
    • 1 step
    • polar aprotic solvent
    • Methyl > 1 > 2 > 3
    • Rate = k[RX][Nu]
    • Inversion (optically active)
    • needs strong nucleophile
  38. Is NH2 Activating o/p, Deactivating o/p or Deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  39. Is NR2 Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  40. Is OH Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  41. Is NHCOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  42. Is OR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  43. Is OCOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  44. Is R Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  45. Is F Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  46. Is Cl Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  47. Is Br Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  48. Is I Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  49. Is NO2 Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  50. Is SO3H Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  51. Is COOH Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  52. Is COOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  53. Is COR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  54. Is CHO Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  55. Define Ammonia, Amine, Amide and Imine.
    • Ammonia is NH3
    • Amine is a nitrogen containing molecule with a lone pair
    • Amide is a nitrogen containing molecule attached to a carbonyl group
    • Imine is a molecule which has a carbon nitrogen double bond
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  60. What is the structure of an Ester?
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  61. What is the structure of an Anhydride?
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  62. What is the structure of an Acyl Halide?
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  63. What is the structure of an Ether?
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Card Set Information

Author:
xxazncutiexx
ID:
149163
Filename:
Organic Chemistry
Updated:
2012-04-22 04:12:35
Tags:
orgo
Folders:

Description:
synthesis, reduction, oxidation, elimination and substitution reactions
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