Organic Chemistry

The flashcards below were created by user xxazncutiexx on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Image Upload 1
    Image Upload 2
  2. Image Upload 3
    Image Upload 4
  3. Image Upload 5
    Image Upload 6
  4. Image Upload 7
    Image Upload 8
  5. Image Upload 9
    Image Upload 10
  6. Image Upload 11
    Image Upload 12
  7. Image Upload 13
    Image Upload 14
  8. Image Upload 15
    Image Upload 16
  9. What is the structure of Aniline?
    Image Upload 17
  10. What is the structure of Anisole?
    Image Upload 18
  11. What is the structure of Benzoic acid?
    Image Upload 19
  12. What reagent is needed to synthesize Bromobenzene?
    Image Upload 20
    Image Upload 21
  13. What reagent is needed to synthesize Chlorobenzene?
    Image Upload 22
    Image Upload 23
  14. What reagent is needed to synthesize Fluorobenzene?
    Image Upload 24
    Image Upload 25
  15. What reagent and reactants are necessary to synthesize this product?
    Image Upload 26
    Image Upload 27
  16. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
    Image Upload 28
    meta orientation
  17. What reagent is needed to synthesize Nitrobenzene?
    Image Upload 29
    Image Upload 30
  18. What is the structure of Nitrobenzene?
    Image Upload 31
  19. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
    Image Upload 32
    ortho orientation
  20. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
    Image Upload 33
    para orientation
  21. What is the structure of Phenol?
    Image Upload 34
  22. Image Upload 35
    Image Upload 36
  23. What reagent is needed to syntheize Benzenesulfonic acid?
    Image Upload 37
    Image Upload 38
  24. What is the structure of Toluene?
    Image Upload 39
  25. What is the product of the reaction if an acid is added? If a base is added?
    Image Upload 40
    Image Upload 41
  26. Image Upload 42
    Image Upload 43
  27. Image Upload 44
    Image Upload 45
  28. Image Upload 46
    Image Upload 47
  29. Image Upload 48
    Image Upload 49
  30. Image Upload 50
    Image Upload 51
  31. Image Upload 52
    Image Upload 53
  32. Image Upload 54
    Image Upload 55
  33. What are the amino acid functional groups are?
    amide and carboxylic acid
  34. What are the 1o, 2o, 3o, and 4o amino acid structures?
    • 1o : Amino acid sequence
    • 2o : α helix and β sheets
    • 3o : disulfied bonds, hydrophoic/hydrophilic bonds
    • 4o : arrangement of polypeptides
  35. What is a Zwitterion?
    A neutral molecule that has both a positive and negative charge within it.

    In a amino acid the H from OH is donated to the NH2 forming NH3+ and O-.
  36. Summarize of SN1 reactions:
    # of steps?
    polar protic or polar aprotic solvents?
    order of types of alkanes favored?
    rate dependent on?
    type of products?
    need strong nucleophile?
    • 2 steps
    • polar protic solvents
    • 3 > 2 > 1 > Methyl
    • Rate = k[RX]
    • Racemate mixture
    • doesn't need strong nucleophile
  37. Summarize of SN2 reactions:
    # of steps?
    polar protic or polar aprotic solvents?
    order of types of alkanes favored?
    rate dependent on?
    type of products?
    need strong nucleophile?
    • 1 step
    • polar aprotic solvent
    • Methyl > 1 > 2 > 3
    • Rate = k[RX][Nu]
    • Inversion (optically active)
    • needs strong nucleophile
  38. Is NH2 Activating o/p, Deactivating o/p or Deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  39. Is NR2 Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  40. Is OH Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  41. Is NHCOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  42. Is OR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  43. Is OCOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  44. Is R Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  45. Is F Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  46. Is Cl Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  47. Is Br Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  48. Is I Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  49. Is NO2 Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  50. Is SO3H Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  51. Is COOH Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  52. Is COOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  53. Is COR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  54. Is CHO Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  55. Define Ammonia, Amine, Amide and Imine.
    • Ammonia is NH3
    • Amine is a nitrogen containing molecule with a lone pair
    • Amide is a nitrogen containing molecule attached to a carbonyl group
    • Imine is a molecule which has a carbon nitrogen double bond
  56. Image Upload 56
    Image Upload 57
  57. Image Upload 58
    Image Upload 59
  58. Image Upload 60
    Image Upload 61
  59. Image Upload 62
    Image Upload 63
  60. What is the structure of an Ester?
    Image Upload 64
  61. What is the structure of an Anhydride?
    Image Upload 65
  62. What is the structure of an Acyl Halide?
    Image Upload 66
  63. What is the structure of an Ether?
    Image Upload 67
Author
ID
149163
Card Set
Organic Chemistry
Description
synthesis, reduction, oxidation, elimination and substitution reactions
Updated
Show Answers