Organic Chemistry

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Author:
xxazncutiexx
ID:
149163
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Organic Chemistry
Updated:
2012-04-22 00:12:35
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orgo
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Description:
synthesis, reduction, oxidation, elimination and substitution reactions
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  1. What is the structure of Aniline?
  2. What is the structure of Anisole?
  3. What is the structure of Benzoic acid?
  4. What reagent is needed to synthesize Bromobenzene?
  5. What reagent is needed to synthesize Chlorobenzene?
  6. What reagent is needed to synthesize Fluorobenzene?
  7. What reagent and reactants are necessary to synthesize this product?
  8. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
    meta orientation
  9. What reagent is needed to synthesize Nitrobenzene?
  10. What is the structure of Nitrobenzene?
  11. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
    ortho orientation
  12. What is the relationship of the two substituents?
    para orientation
  13. What is the structure of Phenol?
  14. What reagent is needed to syntheize Benzenesulfonic acid?
  15. What is the structure of Toluene?
  16. What is the product of the reaction if an acid is added? If a base is added?
  17. What are the amino acid functional groups are?
    amide and carboxylic acid
  18. What are the 1o, 2o, 3o, and 4o amino acid structures?
    • 1o : Amino acid sequence
    • 2o : α helix and β sheets
    • 3o : disulfied bonds, hydrophoic/hydrophilic bonds
    • 4o : arrangement of polypeptides
  19. What is a Zwitterion?
    A neutral molecule that has both a positive and negative charge within it.

    In a amino acid the H from OH is donated to the NH2 forming NH3+ and O-.
  20. Summarize of SN1 reactions:
    # of steps?
    polar protic or polar aprotic solvents?
    order of types of alkanes favored?
    rate dependent on?
    type of products?
    need strong nucleophile?
    • 2 steps
    • polar protic solvents
    • 3 > 2 > 1 > Methyl
    • Rate = k[RX]
    • Racemate mixture
    • doesn't need strong nucleophile
  21. Summarize of SN2 reactions:
    # of steps?
    polar protic or polar aprotic solvents?
    order of types of alkanes favored?
    rate dependent on?
    type of products?
    need strong nucleophile?
    • 1 step
    • polar aprotic solvent
    • Methyl > 1 > 2 > 3
    • Rate = k[RX][Nu]
    • Inversion (optically active)
    • needs strong nucleophile
  22. Is NH2 Activating o/p, Deactivating o/p or Deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  23. Is NR2 Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  24. Is OH Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  25. Is NHCOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  26. Is OR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  27. Is OCOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  28. Is R Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    activating o/p
  29. Is F Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  30. Is Cl Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  31. Is Br Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  32. Is I Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating o/p
  33. Is NO2 Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  34. Is SO3H Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  35. Is COOH Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  36. Is COOR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  37. Is COR Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  38. Is CHO Activating o/p, deactivating o/p or deactivating m?
    deactivating m
  39. Define Ammonia, Amine, Amide and Imine.
    • Ammonia is NH3
    • Amine is a nitrogen containing molecule with a lone pair
    • Amide is a nitrogen containing molecule attached to a carbonyl group
    • Imine is a molecule which has a carbon nitrogen double bond
  40. What is the structure of an Ester?
  41. What is the structure of an Anhydride?
  42. What is the structure of an Acyl Halide?
  43. What is the structure of an Ether?

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