EOC Review

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Author:
Destinyyy.
ID:
149363
Filename:
EOC Review
Updated:
2012-04-22 17:07:34
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Biology Review
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The beginning of study guides.
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  1. The bacteria that cause tetanus can survive in a puncture wound that has healed on the outer surface of the skin. Through what process do these bacteria acquire the energy they need to survive?

    A. aerobic respiration
    B. chemosynthesis
    C. photosynthesis
    D. anaerobic respiration
    A. anaerobic respiration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. In terms of ATP production, which process results in the most stored energy?

    A. aerobic respiration
    B. anaerobic respiration
    C. fermentation
    D. photosynthesis
    A. aerobic respiration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which statement best distinguishes aerobic from anaerobic respiration?

    A. Only anaerobic respiration produces carbon dioxide.
    B. Only aerobic respiration requires oxygen.
    C. Only aerobic respiration involves fermentation.
    D. Only anaerobic respiration occurs in the mitochondria.
    B. Only aerobic respiration requires oxygen.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which most accurately describes the difference in ATP production between aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration?

    A. aerobic respiration peroduces more ATP than anaerobic respiration
    B. anaerobic respiration produces more ATP thatn aerobic respiration.
    C. Only ananerobic respiration produces measurable amounts of ATP.
    D. Anaerobic and aerobic respiration produce the smae amount of ATP.
    A. aerobic respiration produces more ATP than anaerobic respiration.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. A segment of a DNA strand has the following bases:

    TAC GAT

    What is the complementary strand of DNA?

    A. ATG CTA
    B. UAG CAU
    C. TAG CAT
    D. AUG CUA
    A. ATG CTA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which relationship is most similar to the relationship below?

    tRNA: ribosome

    A. truck:factory
    B. baker:pie
    C. book:publisher
    D. key:lock
    A. truck: factory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Before a cell goes through either mitosis or meiosis, which process must be carried out by the DNA in the nucleus?

    A. transcription
    B. replication
    C.nondisjunction
    D. translation
    B. replication
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Sexual reproduction provides for what to occur?

    A. genetic variation
    B. genetic stability
    C. cloning
    D. budding
    A. genetic variation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which would most likely favor species survival in changing environmental conditions?

    A. energy involvement in gamete reproduction
    B. genetic recombination
    C. number of offspring produced
    D. length of life cycle
    B. genetic recombination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which term best describes the type of cell division in which parent cells produce daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cells?

    A. mitosis
    B. spermatogenesis
    C. meiosis
    D. oogenesis
    A. mitosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Enzymes are classifies as which of the following biological organic compounds?

    A. proteins
    B. lipids
    C. carbohydrates
    D. nuclei acids
    A. proteins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Some organelles have their own DNA that is distinct from the cell's nuclear DNA. This is true of which organelle?

    A. mitochondria
    B. cell wall
    C. plasma membrane
    D. vacuole
    A. mitochondria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Pollen in plants is most similar to which type of cell in humans?

    A. egg
    B. sperm
    C. embryo
    D. zygote
    B. sperm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Protein synthesis occurs at which of the structures shown below?
    ribosomes
  15. Why do cells need buffering agents?

    A. to function properly in an extremely acid internal environment
    B. to function properly in an extremely basic internal environment
    C. to maintaincontant internal environment at a pH of 10.
    D. to minimize the changes in pH of the internal environment
    D. to minimize the changes in the pH of the internal environment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Placing wilted lettuce in cold water will make it crisp again. Which statement best describes what happens to restore the lettuce to its original condition?

    A. salts in the leaf caused water to leave the cells.
    B. water entered the cells of the lettuce by osmosis
    C. osmosis caused by salt to enter the lettuce cells
    D. water left the lettuce cells by diffusion
    B. water entered the cells of the lettuce by osmosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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