Español Comercial (SPAN 3040): Vocabulario de Capítulo 12 y 13

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jhl2011
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149375
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Español Comercial (SPAN 3040): Vocabulario de Capítulo 12 y 13
Updated:
2012-04-22 20:56:22
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español comercial business spanish SPAN 3040 vocabulario capítulo chapter 12 13
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El vocabulario de los Capítulos 12 y 13 de "Éxito Comercial"
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  1. agitación política
    When the public protest against the government, or where an uprising might take place in the form of a coup by the military in a country.
  2. el arancel aduanero
    A tax levied on imports (and, sometimes, on exports) by the customs authorities of a country to raise state revenue, and/or to protect domestic industries from more efficient or predatory competitors from abroad.
  3. asesor, constultor/a
    Experienced professional who provides expert knowledge (often packaged under a catchy name) for a fee. He or she works in an advisory capacity only and is usually not accountable for the outcome of a consulting exercise.
  4. atuendo
    attire, clothing
  5. el bufete
    law office
  6. caciquismo
    A system of political control centering about a single powerful figure (the boss) and a complex organization of lesser figures (the political machine) bound together by reciprocity in promoting financial and social self-interest.
  7. calzada
    road
  8. capacidad para competir
    competitiveness
  9. el carril
    lane (of traffic)
  10. el cartel
    traffic or road sign
  11. competidor/a
    competitor
  12. conducción
    driving
  13. confección de trajes
    tailoring
  14. confección de vestidos
    dressmaking
  15. Cono Sur
    Southern Cone (Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, southern Brazil)
  16. consulado
    Office of an official appointed by a government to reside in a foreign country and represent his or her government's commercial interests and assist its citizens there.
  17. e/la derechista
    rightist
  18. descenso
    decline
  19. desocupación
    unemployment
  20. economías de escala
    The decrease in unit cost of a product or service resulting from large-scale operations, as in mass production.
  21. embajada
    embassy (A building containing the offices of an ambassador and staff.)
  22. estancia
    stay, sojourn (during a visit)
  23. expedidor
    issuing
  24. exposición
    exhibit
  25. feria comercial
    trade fair
  26. funcionario
    government official
  27. el indice de natalidad
    birthrate
  28. el/a izquierdista
    leftist
  29. licensiar
    license
  30. medio ambiente
    environment
  31. medio de distribución
    means of distribution
  32. mercado ambulante
    traveling market
  33. país huésped
    host country
  34. poner en peligro
    to put at risk
  35. poner en vigor
    to put into effect
  36. poner trabas
    to set up obstacles
  37. preparativo
    preparation, plan
  38. propina
    tip, gratuity
  39. proxémica
    proxemics, spacing between people or things
  40. la señal
    traffic or road sign
  41. señalización vial
    roadsigns
  42. traba
    hindrance, obstacle
  43. el trámite
    step, procedure
  44. transcultural
    cross-cultural, transcultural
  45. a bordo
    on board
  46. Acuerdo General sobre Aranceles y Comercio (AGAAC)
    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  47. apoyar
    to guarantee, back up
  48. armador/a
    shipowner
  49. aval
    guarantee
  50. carga
    cargo
  51. cargador/a
    loader
  52. carta de crédito irrevocable
    A letter of credit that neither the bank granting it nor the letter holder (who is the buyer of some good) may cancel under any circumstances. This provides the seller with extra assurance that he/she will be paid on time and in the correct amount. Irrevocable letters of credit are most common in international commerce.
  53. carta de crédito irrevocable y confirmada
    confirmed irrevocable letter of credit
  54. carta de crédito revocable
    A letter of credit that the granting bank or the letter holder (who is the buyer of some good) may cancel under some or any circumstances. This does not provide the seller with any extra assurance that he/she will be paid on time and in the correct amount. As a result they carry higher risk than irrevocable letters of credit.
  55. carte de pedido
    order
  56. carte de porte terrestre, conocimiento de embarque
    bill of lading, railway bill, freight bill
  57. certificado de origen
    proof of origin
  58. certificado de sanidad
    sanitary certificate, health certificate
  59. CFR (costo y flete)
    cost and freight
  60. CIF (cost, seguro, y flete)
    cost, insurance, and freight
  61. código
    code (i.e. of laws)
  62. el contingente
    import quota
  63. DDP (entregadas [mercancias] derechos pagados, lugar de destino convenido)
    delivered duty paid (Seller must supply the goods at his or her own risk and expense to a named place in the country of importation. The seller is responsible for importation, payment of duty, and on carriage to the location agreed upon with the buyer.)
  64. declaración de aduana
    customs declaration
  65. declaración de exportación
    export declaration
  66. declaración de exportación
    export declaration
  67. demandar
    to sue
  68. directiva
    guideline
  69. documento de embarque
    shipping document
  70. egreso
    expenditure, outlay, disbursement
  71. el embarque
    shipment
  72. emitir
    to issue
  73. exención
    exemption
  74. factura consular
    consular invoice - A document prepared by the shipper and certified in the country of origin by a consul of the country of importation. It shows the transaction details and origin of the goods.
  75. FAS (libre o franco al costado del buque)
    free alongside ship - In maritime, international commerce, an agreement between a buyer (importer) and aseller (exporter) in which the seller is responsible for the transportation and risk of the good until it is within reach of the ship's crane, at which point the buyer assumes responsibility for both. That is, the seller does not bear the expense or risk of actually loading the good onto the ship. The buyer is responsible for clearing the good throughcustoms in both the home country and the country of delivery.
  76. fletador/a
    freighter, charter (hirer, renter)
  77. fletamento, fletamiento
    charter, freight contract; chartering (of some form of transportation), transport
  78. el/la fletante
    charterer (owner of means of transport), affreighter, shipowner
  79. fletar
    to charter, hire, rent (a means of transportation)
  80. flete pagado hasta el punto de destino
    FOB delivered - Implies that distribution services like transport and handling performed on goods up to the customs frontier (of the economy from which the goods are classed as merchandise) are included in the price.
  81. fluvial
    river-related
  82. giro a la vista
    sight draft (demand for immediate payment)
  83. giro a plazo
    time draft - a draft payable at a specified future date
  84. guía aérea
    air waybill
  85. hoja de ruta
    route sheet, waybill
  86. hurto
    pilferage, theft
  87. licensia de exportación
    export permit
  88. licencia de importación
    import permit
  89. marítimo
    maritime, sea
  90. la nave
    ship
  91. naviero
    shipowner
  92. OPEP (Organización de Países Exportadores de Petróleo)
    Organization or Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  93. Organización Mundial de Comercio
    World Trade Organization
  94. originario
    originating in, coming from
  95. permutar, el trueque
    to exchange, barter, swap
  96. piraña/tiburón (corporativa)
    corporate raider
  97. Producto Social Bruto (PSB)
    gross national product as measured in socialist countries
  98. punto de embarque
    loading point
  99. punto de entrega
    delivery point
  100. recaudación
    collection (taxes)
  101. reexportación
    re-export
  102. subvencionar
    to subsidize - monetary assistence usually given by the government to a particular person or group for an enterprise regarded as being in the public interest
  103. superavitario
    surplus
  104. transbordo
    transfer
  105. ventaja absoluta
    absolute advantage - the ability of party to produce more of a good than a competitor using the same amount of resources
  106. ventaja comparativa
    comparative advantage - the ability of party to produce more of a good than a competitor at a lower opportunity cost OR the ability to produce a product with the highest relative efficiency given all the other products that could be produced

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