Psych-155

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Author:
teknevo
ID:
149391
Filename:
Psych-155
Updated:
2012-04-22 20:14:48
Tags:
Chapter10
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Description:
Choice, Matching, and Self-Control
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  1. Matching Law
    Proportion of responses emiited on a particualr schedule matches the proportion of reinforcers obtained on that schedule
  2. Concurrent Schedule of Reinforcement
    consist of the simultaneous presentation of two or more independent schedules each leading to a rienforcer
  3. Bias from Matching
    When one alternative attracts a higher proportion of responses than would be predicted by matching, regardless of whether that alternative contains the richer or poorer schedule of reinforcement
  4. Melioration Theory
    A pigeons tendency to match (meliorate) has the effect of producing an overll level of reinforcement that is suboptimal
  5. Self-Control
    Consisit of choosing a larger later reward over a smaller sooner reward
  6. Impulsivess
    Consist of choosing a smaller sooner reward over a larger later reward
  7. Delay of Gratification
    • o
    • Because the animal must forgo the smaller sooner
    • reward (subject delays gratification) to obtain the larger later reward
  8. Commitment Response
    an action carried out at an early point in time that serves either to eliminate or greatly reduce the value of an upcoming tempation
  9. Small-but-cumulative effects models
    Each individual choice on a self-control task has only a small but cumulative effect on our likelihood of obtaining the desired long-term outcome

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