Drug quiz 1

Card Set Information

Author:
sitakaras
ID:
14940
Filename:
Drug quiz 1
Updated:
2010-04-17 20:15:40
Tags:
Elimination
Folders:

Description:
Constipation and Diarrhea Drugs
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user sitakaras on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Constipation Drug Classes
    • Laxatives:
    • 1. Bulk Forming Laxatives
    • 2. Surfactant Laxatives
    • 3. Lubricant Laxatives
    • Cathartics
    • 1. Stimulant Cathartics
    • 2. Saline Cathartics
  2. Bulk Forming Laxative (3)
    • Methycellulose: (Citrucel)
    • Polycarbophil: (FiberCon, Mitrolan)
    • Psyllium Preparations:
    • Metamucil
    • Effersyllium
    • Perdiem plain
    • Serutan
  3. When should the nurse not give laxatives to patient and why not?
    when Pt. has a stomach pain (or bedridden) since increasing peristalsis can effect the intestinal condition adversely
  4. Constipation Drugs used for what purposes? (4)
    • To relief Constipation
    • People with limited activity and poor food intake
    • To empty intestinal tract in preparation for diagnostic tests or surgery
    • Used in conjunction with medications to counteract the medication'constipating preperties
  5. Bulk Forming Side Effects
    • May interefere with absorption of calcium, iron, and certain drugs
    • Contraindicated in bedridden pt with intetinal strictures
    • Can be expensive
  6. Surfactant Laxative (2)
    • Colace
    • Surfak
  7. Lubricant Laxative Name and Side Effect (2)
    • Mineral Oil
    • May intefere with fat-soluble vitamins=> ADEK
    • Can Be Aspirated causing a lipid pneumonia
  8. Saline Cathartics Drugs (for constipation) (5)
    • Milk of Magnesia, Magnesia Magma
    • Magnesia Citrate Solution
    • Miralax
    • Fleet Phophosoda, Fleet Enema
    • PEG-ES: Golytely, Colytely, Nulytely, OCL
  9. Who is not recommended to use Saline Cathartics Drugs?
    • Not recommended for Elderly and
    • Pts with kidney diseases and heart failure
    • Dehyradtion can occur
  10. Stimulant Cathartics propeties (4)
    • Strongest and most abuse laxative
    • Irritate GI Mucosa and pull water into the lumen
    • Feces move throught he bowel too rapidly to allow apsorption of fecal water
    • A watery stool is eliminated
  11. Stimulant Cathartics drugs (4)
    • Come= Castor Oils
    • Come= Cascara
    • Drives=Dulcolax
    • Girl = Glycerin
    • Saintly Bad=Senekot, Black Draught
  12. Stimulant side effects/adverse effects (5)
    • Most Abuse Laxatives
    • Cause Lazy Bowel Syndrome (LBS)
    • Not for Elderly
    • Altered Electrolite Transport
    • Can Effect the Absorption of Calcium and Vitamin D
  13. Surfactant Laxative Side Effects (1)
    May Interfere with the absorption of Fat-Soluble vitamin: ADEK
  14. Types of Diarrhea
    • Acute diarrhea: bacterial or viral agents, a reaction to medications or change in diet
    • Chronic diarrhea: last more than 3-4 weeks.
    • Causes are surgery, alcohol, laxatives abuse, chemotherapy, radiation or secondary disease states
  15. AntiDiarrhea Drugs Classification (3)
    • 1. Effects On GI Smooth Muscle
    • 2. Absorbent
    • 3. Anti-Seretory/Antimicrobial
  16. Effects GI smooth Muscle (anti-diarrhea drugs)
    Names (3) and Side Effects (4)
    • Opium
    • Immodium
    • Lomotil
    • SE: Can be addictive
    • Can cause lightheadedness and drowsiness
    • Should be stopped as soon as diarrhea dimininishes
    • Immodium must be stop if no improvemnet within 48 hours
  17. Absorbent
    Name (1) and Sides Effects (2)
    • Kaopectate
    • Can interfere with some medication
    • Prolonged used can interfere with absorption of the nutriens
  18. Anti-secretory/Antimicrobial Drugs name and SE
    • Pepto Bismol
    • Contain salycilates (aspirin) potential internal bleeding
    • Can decrease absorption of some medications

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview