About 1200 B.C., the Inca established ______ which became the capital and center of their civilization.
a Spanish conquistador in search of gold and glory,
Francisco Pizarro kidnapped the Inca ruler, _________ and held him for ransom.
Many Peruvians still speak _____, the Inca language.
In 1500, the Portugese navigator _________, discovered and claimed Brazil for Portugal.
Between 1497 and 1503, ________ ___________, explored the coasts of Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. He was the first to realize that thsi land was not Asia, but a "New World".
the first European to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
By the middle of the 1500s, Spanish conquistadors Francisco ________ and Pedro de ____________ had gained control over most of the South American Indians.
Thus ________ _______ was fairly well colonized before the first English settlers landed at __________ in North America in 1607.
South America, Jamestown
led is native Argentina and Peru in their revolts against Spain.
Jose de San Martin
Jose de San Martin helped _______ ________ gain independence for Chile.
The most famous patriot in South America's struggle for independence was ______ _______ who has been called the "George Washington of South America."
Between eighty and ninety percent of Latin America are _______ ________.
One of the first Protestant missionaries to South America, and Englishman named _____ _______ came in the early 1800s.
run through the center of Peru, South America's third largest country.
on of the driest regions in the world
Peru has one of the world's largest _______ _______ industries and is a leading producer of copper, lead, silver, and zinc.
More Indians live in ______ than in any other country in the world.
the language of the Incas and most common Indian language spoken in Peru. It became an official language in 1975
Peru's capital that is located on the Pacific coast. It is also Peru's largest and busiest city and with its colonial style buildings, it is also one of South America's most picturesque cities.
Probably the most famous city in Peru.
The Inca built many religious sites, the most famous of which is ______ __________, a well-preserved mountain city that was hidden from outsiders until 1911.
The equator passes just ___ miles north of _________, which is also Ecuador's capital.
the oldest of all the South American capitals.
_______ grow so well in Ecuador's tropical climate that it has become the world's leading producer of them.
world's leading banana producer
Ecuador produces more ______ ______ than any other country in the world
Ecuador's largest city and the country's chief port and center of trade.
Bolivia's economy relies on her large ________ and deposits of _____ and _______.
forests, tin, petroleum
The official capital of Bolivia is ________, but most of the government buildings are in _____ ______ giving the country two _______.
Sucre, La Paz, capitals
The country with two capitals
__ ____, located near Lake _______, is the world's highest capital city.
La Paz, Titicaca
Highest navigable lake in the world.
The Peruvian and Bolivian Indians who live near Lake Titicaca are famous for their ____ _____ boats, unsinkable boats made with reeds taken from the shore of the lake and tied together with grass twine.
Because Lake Titicaca is located _____ and _____ miles above ____ level, the air there contains less oxygen than the air at lower elevations.