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  1. Objective
    • to understand the causes of European imperialism of the late 19th century
    • TO understand the consequences of European imperialism for Europe and the developing world
  2. Imperialism
    the creation and maintenence of an unequal economic, cultural, and territorial relationship, usually between states and often in the form of an empire, based on domination and subordination
  3. Colonialism
    the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another country
  4. Chauvinism
    excessive or blind patriotism, also, undue attachment to your place of origin or birth
  5. Nationalism
    strong feeling of love and patriotism for one's country
  6. Causes of 19th Century European Imperialism
    • Economic
    • -Industrialization
    • -European Capitalism
    • Political
    • -competition for wealth between the nations of Europe
    • Cultural and Religious
    • -cultural and religious elitism
  7. Britain
    • Largest colonial Empire
    • Two Kinds of colonies
    • 1. Settler colony involved a large number of colonists, typically seeking fertile land and farm
    • 2. Exploitation colonialism is the policiy of conquering distand lands to exploit its natural and human resources
  8. Cecil Rhodes
    announced plans for a telegraph line from Cape Town to Cairo
  9. France
    • Second Largest colonial Empire
    • Acquisitions: Indochina, Fiji, Samoa, Morocco, Algeria, West Africa
    • Motivations: Economic, Ego
  10. Germany
    • Bismark originally opposed colonial expansion
    • Germany took colonies in the 1880's for status symbols
    • Because they came late to the imperialistic grab bag they ended up with the leftovers
  11. United States
    • Did not get involved in European affairs
    • Became colonial power after Spanish-American War of 1898
    • "Informal Imperialism"
  12. Scarmble for Africa
    • European interest in Africa
    • Dark Continent
    • Exploration of Interior
  13. Berlin Conference of 1884
    In 1884 at the request of Portugal, German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called together the major western powers of the world to negotiate questions and end confusion over the control of Africa
  14. India
    • Britain trading in India since 1600's
    • British government gradually took over India in the 1800s
  15. Consequences of British Imperialism in India
    • loss of many traditional Indian customs
    • loss of Indian self-rule/government
  16. China
    • potentially huge market
    • closed to European trade until 1800s
    • Opium War (1840)
    • "Spheres of influence"
    • Chinese monarchy seriously weakened
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