Soc: 11 Sex and Gender vocab

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Soc: 11 Sex and Gender vocab
2010-04-17 18:20:09
sex gender inequality violence

Chapter Outline: Issues of Sex and Gender, Gender Inequality in Global Perspective, Gender Inequality in the United States, Gender Inequality in the Workplace, Gender and Violence, The Changing Face of Politics, Glimpsing the Future-With Hope, Summary and Review
Show Answers:

  1. gender stratification
    males' and females' unequal access to power, prestige, and property on the basis of their sex.
  2. sex
    biological characteristics that distinguish females and males, consisting of primary and secondary sex characteristics.
  3. gender
    the behaviors and attitudes that a society considers proper for its males and females; masculinity or femininity.
  4. patriarchy
    a society in which men as a group dominate women as a group; authority is vested in males.
  5. matriarchy
    a society in which women as a group dominate men as a group; authority is vested in females.
  6. feminism
    the philosophy that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal; organized activities on behalf of this principle.
  7. glass ceiling
    the mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the top levels at work.
  8. glass escalator
    the mostly invisible accelerators that push men into higher-level positions, more desirable work assignments, and higher salaries.
  9. sexual harassment
    the abuse of one's position of authority to force unwanted sexual demands on someone.