Soc: 12 Race and Ethnicity

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Soc: 12 Race and Ethnicity
2010-04-17 18:48:19
race ethnicity

Chap 12 outline: Laying the Sociological Foundation, Prejudice and Discrimination, Theories of Preudice, Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations, Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States, Looking Toward the Future, Summary and Review
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  1. race
    physical characteristics that distinguish one group from another.
  2. genocide
    the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people because of their presumed race or ethnic group.
  3. ethnicity (ethnic)
    having distinctive cultural characteristics.
  4. minority group
    people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination.
  5. dominant group
    the group with most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status.
  6. ethnic work
    activities designed to discover, enhance, or maintain ethnic, and radical identification.
  7. melting pot
    the view that Americans of various backgrounds would blend into a sort of ethnic stew.
  8. discrimination
    an act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or a group.
  9. racism
    prejudice and discrimination on the basis of race.
  10. prejudice
    an attitude or prejudging, usually in a negative way.
  11. individual discrimination
    the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person's perceived characteristics.
  12. institutional discrimination
    the negative treatment of minority group that is built into a society's institutions; also called "systemic discrimination."
  13. scapegoat
    an individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else's troubles.
  14. authoritarian personality
    Theodor Adorno's term for people who are prejudiced and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respect for authority, and submissiveness to superiors.
  15. reserve labor force
    the unemployed; unemployed workers are thought of as being "in reserve"--capitalists taken them "out of reserve" (put them back to work) during times of high production and then lay them off (put them back in reserve) when they are no longer needed.
  16. split labor market
    workers split along racial, ethnic, gender, age, or any other lines; this split is exploited by owners to weaken the bargaining power of workers.
  17. selective perception
    seeing certain features of an object or situation, but remaining blind to others.
  18. compartmentalize
    to separate acts from feelings or attitudes.
  19. population transfer
    forcing a minority group to move.
  20. ethnic cleansing
    a policy of population elimination, including forcible expulsion and genocide.
  21. internal colonialism
    the policy of economically exploiting minority groups.
  22. segregation
    the policy of keeping racial-ethnic groups apart.
  23. assimilation
    the process of being absorbed into the mainstream culture.
  24. multiculturalism (also called pluralism)
    a philosophy or political policy that permits or encourages ethnic difference.
  25. WASP
    White Anglo-Saxon Protestant; narrowly, an American.
  26. white ethnics
    white immigrants to the United States whose culture differ from that of WASPs.
  27. rising expectations
    the sense that better conditions are soon to follow, which, if unfulfilled, increases frustration.
  28. pan-Indianism
    a movement that focuses on common elements in the cultures of Native Americans in order to develop a cross-tribal self-identity and to work toward the welfare of the Native Americans.