Soc: 13 The Elderly

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Soc: 13 The Elderly
2010-04-17 19:03:14

Chap 13 outline: Aging in Global Perspective, The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective, The Functionalist Perspective, The Conflict Perspective, Recurring Problems, The Sociology of Death and Dying, Looking Toward the Future, Summary and Review.
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  1. life expectancy
    the number of years that an average person at any age, including newborns, can expect to live.
  2. graying in America
    refers to the growing percentage of older people in the U.S. population.
  3. life span
    the maximum length of life of a species; for humans, the longest that a human has lived.
  4. gender age
    the relative value placed on men's and women's ages.
  5. ageism
    prejudice, discrimination, and hostility directed against people because of their age; can be directed against any age group, including youth.
  6. age cohort
    people born at roughly the same time who pass through the life course together.
  7. disengagement theory
    the view that society prevents disruption by having the elderly by having the elderly vacate (or disengage from) their positions of responsibility so the younger generation can step into their shoes.
  8. activity theory
    the view that satisfaction during old age is age is related to a person's amount and quality of activity.
  9. continuity theory
    the focus of this theory is how people adjust to retirement by continuing aspects of their earlier lives.
  10. dependency ratio
    the number of workers who are required to support one dependent person age 15 and younger or 65 and older.
  11. hospice
    a place (or services brought to someone's home) for the purpose of giving comfort and dignity to a dying person.