# Math Final Vocabulary (AEH)

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1. the number of times a base is used as a factor of repeated multiplication
exponent
2. side opposite to the right angle in a right triangle
hypotenuse
3. a real number whose decimal form is non-terminating and non repeating that cannot be written as the ration of two integers
irrational number
4. a number that can be written as the ratio of 2 integers with a non zero denominator
rational number
5. either of the two shorter sides of a right triangle
legs
6. a theorem that relates the length of the sides of a right triangle.

a2+b2=c2
pythagorean theorem
7. on of two equal factors of a nonnegative number
square root
8. the distance a number is from zero
absolute value
9. two numbers that when added together equal zero
10. a math sentence that contains an equal sign
equation
11. a math phrase involving at least one variable. Expressions can contain numbers and operation symbols
algebraic expression
12. a math sentence that contains greater than (or equal to), less than (or equal to) and equals
inequality
13. pairs of operations that undo each other.
Inverse Operation
14. monomials that have the same variable raised to the same power.
Like terms
15. an equation that can be written in the form ax+b=c
Linear Equation in One Variable
16. Two numbers that when multiplied together equal 1.
multiplicative inverse
17. the slope of a nonvertical ine is the ration of the rise to the run between any two points on the line
slope
18. two or more equations that together define a relationship between variables.
system of equations
19. the collection of a ll items not in a swet
compliment of a set
20. a member or item in a set
element
21. a rule of matching elements of two sets of numbers in which an input value fromt the first set has only one output value in the second set
function
22. the set of all elements contained in all of the iven sets
intersection of sets
23. a subset that does not contain every element of the parent set
null set
24. a rule that gives an output number for every valid input number
relation
25. a collection of number, geometric figures, letters, or other objets that have some charecteristic in common.
set
26. the set of all elements that belong to at least one of the given two or more sets
union
27. the principle that uses multiplication to find the number of ways two or more events can occur.
the counting principle
28. the outcomes for a specified event.
favorable outcomes
29. to occurence of one eent does not affect the probablility of the occurence of the other event
independent events
30. the possible results of an expierent.
outcomes
31. the likley-niss that an event occurs
probablility
32. all possible outcomes of a given experiment
sample space
33. a tree shaped diagram that illustantes sequentially the possible outcomes for a given event
tree diagram
34. another name for the possible values of x
domain
35. set of all points in a coordinate plane that represent all the solutions of the equation
graph
36. when an equation is solved in the form y =mx+b
intercept
37. in a funtion, the possible values for y
range
38. change in y
rise
39. change in x
run
40. a system of linear equation consists of two or more linear equation with the same variables
system
41. a variable is a quantity that changes or that can have different values
variable
42. formend when a third line crosses two other lines. these angles are on opposite sides of the transversal and are in between the other two lines
alternate interior angles
43. formend when a third line crosses two other lines. these angles are on opposite sides of the transversal and are in the outside of the other two lines
alternate extior angles
44. two angles whose sum is 90 degrees
complementary angles
45. having the same size, shape, and meausre
congruent
46. angles that have the same relative postions in geometric figures
corresponding angles
47. the propertyh of a polygon whose angles are all congruent
equilateral
48. two lines are this if they lie in the same plane and they do not intersect
parallel lines
49. two angles whose sum is 180 degrees
supplementary angles
50. a line that crosses two or more lines
transversal
51. two nonadjacent angles formed by intersection lines or segments. Also called opposite angles
vertical angles.
52. changing the grouping of the nubmers in a sum does not change the sum
53. changing the grouping of the numbers in a product does not change the product
associative property of multiplication
54. in a sum, you can add the numbers in any order
55. in a product, you can mulitply the numbers in any order
commutative property of multiplication
56. a(b+c) = ab+bc
distributive property
57. adding the same number to each side of an equation productes an equivalent equation