Math Final Vocabulary (AEH)

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adamah115
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149577
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Math Final Vocabulary (AEH)
Updated:
2012-05-09 11:55:53
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math final
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Math Final Vocab
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  1. the number of times a base is used as a factor of repeated multiplication
    exponent
  2. side opposite to the right angle in a right triangle
    hypotenuse
  3. a real number whose decimal form is non-terminating and non repeating that cannot be written as the ration of two integers
    irrational number
  4. a number that can be written as the ratio of 2 integers with a non zero denominator
    rational number
  5. either of the two shorter sides of a right triangle
    legs
  6. a theorem that relates the length of the sides of a right triangle.

    a2+b2=c2
    pythagorean theorem
  7. on of two equal factors of a nonnegative number
    square root
  8. the distance a number is from zero
    absolute value
  9. two numbers that when added together equal zero
    additive inverse
  10. a math sentence that contains an equal sign
    equation
  11. a math phrase involving at least one variable. Expressions can contain numbers and operation symbols
    algebraic expression
  12. a math sentence that contains greater than (or equal to), less than (or equal to) and equals
    inequality
  13. pairs of operations that undo each other.
    Inverse Operation
  14. monomials that have the same variable raised to the same power.
    Like terms
  15. an equation that can be written in the form ax+b=c
    Linear Equation in One Variable
  16. Two numbers that when multiplied together equal 1.
    multiplicative inverse
  17. the slope of a nonvertical ine is the ration of the rise to the run between any two points on the line
    slope
  18. two or more equations that together define a relationship between variables.
    system of equations
  19. the collection of a ll items not in a swet
    compliment of a set
  20. a member or item in a set
    element
  21. a rule of matching elements of two sets of numbers in which an input value fromt the first set has only one output value in the second set
    function
  22. the set of all elements contained in all of the iven sets
    intersection of sets
  23. a subset that does not contain every element of the parent set
    null set
  24. a rule that gives an output number for every valid input number
    relation
  25. a collection of number, geometric figures, letters, or other objets that have some charecteristic in common.
    set
  26. the set of all elements that belong to at least one of the given two or more sets
    union
  27. the principle that uses multiplication to find the number of ways two or more events can occur.
    the counting principle
  28. the outcomes for a specified event.
    favorable outcomes
  29. to occurence of one eent does not affect the probablility of the occurence of the other event
    independent events
  30. the possible results of an expierent.
    outcomes
  31. the likley-niss that an event occurs
    probablility
  32. all possible outcomes of a given experiment
    sample space
  33. a tree shaped diagram that illustantes sequentially the possible outcomes for a given event
    tree diagram
  34. another name for the possible values of x
    domain
  35. set of all points in a coordinate plane that represent all the solutions of the equation
    graph
  36. when an equation is solved in the form y =mx+b
    intercept
  37. in a funtion, the possible values for y
    range
  38. change in y
    rise
  39. change in x
    run
  40. a system of linear equation consists of two or more linear equation with the same variables
    system
  41. a variable is a quantity that changes or that can have different values
    variable
  42. formend when a third line crosses two other lines. these angles are on opposite sides of the transversal and are in between the other two lines
    alternate interior angles
  43. formend when a third line crosses two other lines. these angles are on opposite sides of the transversal and are in the outside of the other two lines
    alternate extior angles
  44. two angles whose sum is 90 degrees
    complementary angles
  45. having the same size, shape, and meausre
    congruent
  46. angles that have the same relative postions in geometric figures
    corresponding angles
  47. the propertyh of a polygon whose angles are all congruent
    equilateral
  48. two lines are this if they lie in the same plane and they do not intersect
    parallel lines
  49. two angles whose sum is 180 degrees
    supplementary angles
  50. a line that crosses two or more lines
    transversal
  51. two nonadjacent angles formed by intersection lines or segments. Also called opposite angles
    vertical angles.
  52. changing the grouping of the nubmers in a sum does not change the sum
    associative property of addition
  53. changing the grouping of the numbers in a product does not change the product
    associative property of multiplication
  54. in a sum, you can add the numbers in any order
    commutuative property of addition
  55. in a product, you can mulitply the numbers in any order
    commutative property of multiplication
  56. a(b+c) = ab+bc
    distributive property
  57. adding the same number to each side of an equation productes an equivalent equation
    addition property of equality
  58. multiplying both sides of an equationby the same numbrer produces an eqivalent expression
    multiplication property of equality

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