CSCI 103 Ch6
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The number of bits the video card uses to
represent each pixel on the monitor is called
__________ predicts that the number of
transistors inside a CPU will double every 18 months
When your operating system is using virtual
memory, it builds a file called the __________ on the hard drive
The video subsystem consists of the video card
and the __________.
To determine whether your system has the right
hardware components to do what you want it to do, you should perform a(n)
Most notebooks have a fast transfer port like
USB 2.0 or __________.
The audio subsystem consists of the speakers and
__________ determines how quickly the CPU can
__________ memory is a form of random access
memory that is more accessible to the CPU than regular RAM.
When your computer's performance suddenly seems
to drop off, the Windows program called ___________ gives you easy access to
The primary circuit board of a computer system
is the __________.
The __________ can be considered the highway on
which data travels between the CPU and RAM.
Front Side Bus (FSB)
Modern processors are defined by the combination
of processor speed, front side bus speed, and the amount of __________.
In a Windows PC, the __________ window
identifies which CPU you have in your system, as well as its speed.
Front side bus (FSB) speed is measured in
__________ provides quick
processing of information by enabling a new set of instructions to start before
the previous set has been finished.
Windows 7 includes __________, which enables you
to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system
via a network connection.
Windows Easy Transfer
__________ are the small circuit boards that
hold a series of RAM chips
__________ is the type of RAM memory used most
often in today's computers.
Double Data Rate 2 (DDR2)
On a Windows system, you can determine how much
RAM you have by looking in the __________ window.
The __________ table in the Performance tab of
Windows Task Manager shows both the total amount of physical memory you have
installed and the available physical memory you have.
The memory your operating
system uses is referred to as __________ memory.
RAM is an example of
__________ storage because when the power is off, RAM is cleared out.
The minimum RAM requirement for running all the
new features in Windows 7 is __________.
A CD-RW device that specifies speeds of 52X32X52X can
rewrite data at a speed of __________.
A dual-layer Blu-ray disc has a storage capacity of up to
If you want to be able to use a form of optical
media (such as a CD or DVD) that you can
write to as many times as you like, your media should be in __________ format.
Read/ Writable Format
__________ discs have the
greatest storage capacity of all types of optical discs.
__________ optical discs can
hold four hours of high-definition
video with both audio and video quality that is superior to those of a DVD or
Blu-ray players are __________ and can play both
DVDs and CDs.
The RAM included with a graphics card is called
A(n) __________ handles the same type of
processes as a CPU but is specialized for 3-D and image and graphic processing.
Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)
Because displaying graphics demands a lot of the
CPU, video cards also come with their own __________.
Graphics Processing Unit
The time it takes a storage device to locate stored
data and make it available for processing is called __________ time.
__________ hard drives use
much thinner cables and can transfer data more quickly than IDE drives.
__________ drives have much
faster access times than flash drives, around 0.1 ms.
Computer systems with insufficient amounts of
temporary memory, or __________, often crash.
When you evaluate your video cards and monitor,
you are evaluating your __________ subsystem
__________ sound is good at convincing the human
ear that sound is omnidirectional.
The current surround-sound
standard is from __________.
When referring to hard drives, the period of
time that it takes for the correct sector to spin to the read/write head is
A stoppage of the hard drive that often results
in data loss is called a(n) __________.
The __________ move over the spinning platters
to retrieve data from the hard disk.
Read/ Write Heads
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