CSCI 103 Ch6

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CSCI 103 Ch6
2012-04-23 15:44:24
Computer Lieracy Terms

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  1. The number of bits the video card uses to
    represent each pixel on the monitor is called
    Bit Depth
  2. __________ predicts that the number of
    transistors inside a CPU will double every 18 months
    Moore's Law
  3. When your operating system is using virtual
    memory, it builds a file called the __________ on the hard drive
    Page File
  4. The video subsystem consists of the video card
    and the __________.
  5. To determine whether your system has the right
    hardware components to do what you want it to do, you should perform a(n)
    System Evaluation
  6. Most notebooks have a fast transfer port like
    USB 2.0 or __________.
  7. The audio subsystem consists of the speakers and
    Sound Card
  8. __________ determines how quickly the CPU can
    Clock Speed
  9. __________ memory is a form of random access
    memory that is more accessible to the CPU than regular RAM.
  10. When your computer's performance suddenly seems
    to drop off, the Windows program called ___________ gives you easy access to
    performance information.
    Task Manager
  11. The primary circuit board of a computer system
    is the __________.
  12. The __________ can be considered the highway on
    which data travels between the CPU and RAM.
    Front Side Bus (FSB)
  13. Modern processors are defined by the combination
    of processor speed, front side bus speed, and the amount of __________.
    Cache Memory
  14. In a Windows PC, the __________ window
    identifies which CPU you have in your system, as well as its speed.
    System Properties
  15. Front side bus (FSB) speed is measured in
    Megahertz (MHz)
  16. __________ provides quick
    processing of information by enabling a new set of instructions to start before
    the previous set has been finished.
  17. Windows 7 includes __________, which enables you
    to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system
    via a network connection.
    Windows Easy Transfer
  18. __________ are the small circuit boards that
    hold a series of RAM chips
    Memory Modules
  19. __________ is the type of RAM memory used most
    often in today's computers.
    Double Data Rate 2 (DDR2)
  20. On a Windows system, you can determine how much
    RAM you have by looking in the __________ window.
    System Properties
  21. The __________ table in the Performance tab of
    Windows Task Manager shows both the total amount of physical memory you have
    installed and the available physical memory you have.
    Physical Memory
  22. The memory your operating
    system uses is referred to as __________ memory.
  23. RAM is an example of
    __________ storage because when the power is off, RAM is cleared out.
  24. The minimum RAM requirement for running all the
    new features in Windows 7 is __________.
    1 GB
  25. A CD-RW device that specifies speeds of 52X32X52X can
    rewrite data at a speed of __________.
  26. A dual-layer Blu-ray disc has a storage capacity of up to
    50 GB
  27. If you want to be able to use a form of optical
    media (such as a CD or DVD) that you can
    write to as many times as you like, your media should be in __________ format.
    Read/ Writable Format
  28. __________ discs have the
    greatest storage capacity of all types of optical discs.
  29. __________ optical discs can
    hold four hours of high-definition
    video with both audio and video quality that is superior to those of a DVD or
  30. Blu-ray players are __________ and can play both
    DVDs and CDs.
    Backward Compatable
  31. The RAM included with a graphics card is called
    __________ memory.
  32. A(n) __________ handles the same type of
    processes as a CPU but is specialized for 3-D and image and graphic processing.
    Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)
  33. Because displaying graphics demands a lot of the
    CPU, video cards also come with their own __________.
    Graphics Processing Unit
  34. The time it takes a storage device to locate stored
    data and make it available for processing is called __________ time.
  35. __________ hard drives use
    much thinner cables and can transfer data more quickly than IDE drives.
    Serial ATA
  36. __________ drives have much
    faster access times than flash drives, around 0.1 ms.
    Solid State
  37. Computer systems with insufficient amounts of
    temporary memory, or __________, often crash.
  38. When you evaluate your video cards and monitor,
    you are evaluating your __________ subsystem
  39. __________ sound is good at convincing the human
    ear that sound is omnidirectional.
  40. The current surround-sound
    standard is from __________.
  41. When referring to hard drives, the period of
    time that it takes for the correct sector to spin to the read/write head is
    called __________.
  42. A stoppage of the hard drive that often results
    in data loss is called a(n) __________.
    Head Crash
  43. The __________ move over the spinning platters
    to retrieve data from the hard disk.
    Read/ Write Heads